• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Actions and Effects of Creatine.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Actions and Effects of Creatine Throughout time, humans have had a fascination with being excellent at what they do, and athletics have been no exception. Many substances exist, and many have been criticized and analyzed for their safety, legality, and morality for athletes. With the banning of steroids from competitive sports, and the implementation of random drug testing in most sports, most athletes, professional, recreational, and would-be professionals are hoping to gain an edge. More recently, one such edge has been discovered, and it has found itself in locker rooms across the country, in the hands of these athletes, and all the while, and probably more importantly, in the media's direct line of fire. Although legal, creatine has it's proponents and it's opponents, through this paper, I'll discuss some of the factors that make creatine such a hot topic in sports and the health industry. To understand why people use creatine, we must first understand what it is. Creatine is a naturally occurring nutrient that is found in the body (Sahelian, 2000). It is also found in meat and fish, usually at a concentration of about 4 grams of creatine per kilogram (Sahelian, 2000). ...read more.

Middle

increase the amount of exercise that can be performed during workouts, 3) increase muscle size and strength, 4) improve anaerobic power and endurance, and 5) increase body weight (Arapoff and Riley, 1998). These are all very attractive and positive factors that an athlete would love to be able to attain legally, not compromising their safety with illegal substances such as steroids, but through essentially, natural and relatively safe means. Luring to some users are reports that results are quick and consistent, along with increased muscle mass, and a prolonged pump during strength training (Sahelian, 2000). Although touted and highly regarded among some professional strength trainers, there are some that are skeptical. For instance, the San Francisco 49er's, have an estimated three quarters of the team using creatine, while the Tampa Bay Buccaneers strength coach will not allow creatine in the Bucs' locker room (Bamberger, 1998). The creatine economy is booming, Experimental and Applied Sciences, have a stranglehold on the creatine market, since they were instrumental in it's introduction to the sports supplement arena, they have such athletes as Shannon Sharpe as a paid user/endorser in EAS apparel at public appearances, and this is a great way for them to increase exposure and their marketability, along with having a phenomenal skyrocket in sales (Suggs, 1998). ...read more.

Conclusion

For any sport where bulking up is required creatine would provide an advantage, but any athlete trying to lose or maintain weight will be offset by creatines reported effects. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), has issued a statement that although creatine is an effective aid in performance enhancement, there have not been nearly as many field studies as there have been laboratory studies conducted, also, the ACSM notes that the jury is still out on the safety and effectiveness of long term creatine use (Rose, 1998). Since there have been no studies conducted about the long term safety of creatine, it is not currently recommended to supplement for long periods of time, rather cycle creatine use, by stopping or significantly reducing usage for a month's time (Sahelian, 2000). Although the long term consequences of creatine are not known at this time, it has, to this point, proven to be safer than any illegal performance-enhancing aid, such as anabolic steroids. Creatine supplemenation through a powder is also a viable way to obtain the amount necessary to provide results. To obtain the recommended dosage through our diet alone, one would have to consume anywhere from 5 to 25 pounds of meat daily (Gutfeld, 1997). Someday, maybe creatine research will conclude that it really is nature's very own steroid. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology essays

  1. Physiology Within Sport

    two by-products these are Carbon dioxide which is exhaled and Hydrogen which is then transported to the Electron Transport chain. Electron Transport Chain From the Krebs Cycle Hydrogen is created, this then is transported by hydrogen carriers whereby it can enter the Electron Transport chain, this stage occurs in the

  2. Free essay

    sports nutrition

    enters the bloodstream slowly and steadily, Fibre also helps your digestive system to process food and absorb nutrients and Fibre lowers blood cholesterol. Foods high in fibre are; beans, brown rice, fruits with edible seeds, lentils, maize, oats, and pulses.

  1. Nutrition and Hydration. Energy Intake and Expenditure In Sports Performance

    own energy requirements over 5 days not including calories burnt breathing during my daily routine Activity Length of time Calories per hour Total for activity Golf 12hrs 250 (for 68kg) 3000 Volleyball 6hrs 211(for 68kg) 1266 badminton 4hrs 317 " " 1268 Total Energy Output = 5534 I then looked

  2. Energy intake and expenditure. Nutrition needs of a fooballer and long distance runner.

    Carbohydrates are important to take on board before an event, as they are a source of slow releasing energy. Carbohydrates are important for both a footballer and a long distance runner. This is because a footballer will be working for two 45minutes periods and a long distance runner can be

  1. In this assignment I will prepare a report for aimed at young athletes, explaining ...

    If it is being used in this way, it is not so much an aid to improve performance but could cover up for another prohibited aid. There are two main side effects to diuretics that damage a persons performance levels in sport.

  2. Lifestyle Factors

    Drinking a lot in one session is never a good thing for your health. Next is exercise which I have not talked about, most people think of exercise solely in terms of weight loss, but it also builds muscles and bones, lifts mood and is a great way of beating stress.

  1. The skeletal systems relative to Sport and exercise actions

    It lies at the upper part of the pelvis cavity, with which it articulates. Horizontal ridges indicate the divisions between the fused vertebrae. At the ends of these ridges are openings which allow nerves and blood vessels to pass through.

  2. Performance Enhancement essay 2

    Negative effects With gene doping, gene transfer vectors may be produced in non-controlled laboratories can be easily and cheaply produced with materials available from suppliers. These equipments may be contaminated with chemicals and other impurities from the production and purification process.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work