• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the nature of a skilled performer

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

AO1 Analyse the nature of skilled performance Skill is used in everyday life , it is used in different ways such as walking, running, reading, writing, cooking etc. Skill can be defined in a number of ways, and there are a number of different types of skill, the three most commonly used skills in sport are cognitive skills, perceptual skills, and motor skills and when you combine the three it is known as perceptual motor skills or psychomotor skills. The mostly commonly used definition of skill is Knapp's theory which states "the learned ability to bring about predetermined results with maximum certainty often with a minimum outlay of time and energy or both" Knapp (1963) .This is saying that skill is learned and comes naturally to the performer, it is always done to perfection in an efficient and effective manor without using a lot of time and energy or both. Skill is learned, learning is a relatively permanent change in performance, performance is a temporary action. In this picture Kaka is using a number of different skills such as cognitive skills he is deciding to hit the shot high/low, curl/swerve amount of power to use. ...read more.

Middle

It is almost correct to say that your quality of innate ability will determine your sporting success e.g if you do not possess speed and leg power you are not likely to excel in the long jump, but will better suited to compete in endurance based activities because When people watch a sporting activity they say " he/she has great ability" but that is incorrect because they are watching skill not ability. A good sportsman may have different groups of abilities, abilities do not predict sporting success . "Abilities can be essentially perceptual, essentially motor or a combination of both. Most abilities to do with action are a combination and are referred to as psychomotor abilities. Now there is no definitive list of psychomotor abilities." There are a number of definitions for ability here is a few that I have found: "Ability is a function of both inheritance and experience , though it may be developed and extended with use it is not learned. Abilities underpin the performance of skills"(Bull, 1994) "Stallings L M (1982 - Motor Learning from theory to Practice) ...read more.

Conclusion

These executive motor programmes are made up of sub-routines which are performed individually and also described as mini skills. As the novice performer begins to become an expert performer these mini skills are performed almost without any thought and the execution of the skill will become fluent and appear to be automatic every time it is performed. If the performance is at this level the skill is said to be grooved or overlearned. "for example a top level trampolinist can do a somersault automatically because the motor programme for that skill is stored in his/her long term memory. Due to it being well learned he does not require feedback about the skill therefore there is an open loop control. Closed loop control makes use of kinaesthetic feedback to tell the performer about slight adjustments which need to be made in order to make the skill successful. For example a child who is learning to balance in a headstand. Feedback is vital as a slight change of body position may cause imbalance and the skill becomes uncontrolled. In practice performers will be constantly moving from closed loop to open loop control to aid successful performances." www.sheffieldpeonline.co.uk Example of executive motor programme ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Synoptic essays for swimming.

    This is known as terminal feedback which inevitably strengthens the schema in her long term memory. Extrinsic feedback relating to the outcome of an action with respect to the environmental goal is referred to as Knowledge of results. With comparison to Knowledge of performance, Knowledge of results might be given

  2. PPP- Netball

    This competition is held for the age groups U14- U16 and U19's. National Junior Championships This competition caters for the youngsters and is open to all clubs under AENA. There are 5 heats held as a route to the finals later in the year.

  1. Techniques, Rules and Tactics of Football

    Several players, including professional ones, have injured themselves attempting an overhead kick, so the landing is important, especially on hard pitches. Following this advice is entirely at your own risk! In particular, avoid landing on your head, the base of your spine and your elbows.

  2. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    Playing an actual match up to 11, but when ever a ball comes to the backhand a topspin down the line must be attempted Forehand Topspin down the line technique practice) This will just be a multi ball session where I will remain in position and the coach will play

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    I spent the majority of their innings fielding a t slip, which I feel, isn't my best position as I struggle to catch from close range which is something I need to work on. Match Rating 6 SUNDAY No match TUESDAY Match Bovey Tracey Vs South Devon (20 over cup match)

  2. Technique Sheet Activity - Swimming Front Crawl

    As the left arm starts to pull and rolling the body like a log, it was clear from the photo that the left arm was very bent which is only used when the arms pull in an "S" pattern which was not apparent from the observations made.

  1. PPP Action plan 2003.

    4*rest days Creatine intake; 5g daily 7* stretches (full body) It is vital to take into consideration that I have not forgotten my tactical weakness, I have decided not to build this into a micro cycle, as it will be worked on in borough trainings which re specifically detailed in

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Therefore, in week 4, I will be starting with the machines I feel are easier and then work myself around onto the harder, yet challenging ones. I will also spread out the arm and leg ones, as I do not want to be putting extra pressure on my muscles leading to pain and discomfort.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work