• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the nature of a skilled performer

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

AO1 Analyse the nature of skilled performance Skill is used in everyday life , it is used in different ways such as walking, running, reading, writing, cooking etc. Skill can be defined in a number of ways, and there are a number of different types of skill, the three most commonly used skills in sport are cognitive skills, perceptual skills, and motor skills and when you combine the three it is known as perceptual motor skills or psychomotor skills. The mostly commonly used definition of skill is Knapp's theory which states "the learned ability to bring about predetermined results with maximum certainty often with a minimum outlay of time and energy or both" Knapp (1963) .This is saying that skill is learned and comes naturally to the performer, it is always done to perfection in an efficient and effective manor without using a lot of time and energy or both. Skill is learned, learning is a relatively permanent change in performance, performance is a temporary action. In this picture Kaka is using a number of different skills such as cognitive skills he is deciding to hit the shot high/low, curl/swerve amount of power to use. ...read more.

Middle

It is almost correct to say that your quality of innate ability will determine your sporting success e.g if you do not possess speed and leg power you are not likely to excel in the long jump, but will better suited to compete in endurance based activities because When people watch a sporting activity they say " he/she has great ability" but that is incorrect because they are watching skill not ability. A good sportsman may have different groups of abilities, abilities do not predict sporting success . "Abilities can be essentially perceptual, essentially motor or a combination of both. Most abilities to do with action are a combination and are referred to as psychomotor abilities. Now there is no definitive list of psychomotor abilities." There are a number of definitions for ability here is a few that I have found: "Ability is a function of both inheritance and experience , though it may be developed and extended with use it is not learned. Abilities underpin the performance of skills"(Bull, 1994) "Stallings L M (1982 - Motor Learning from theory to Practice) ...read more.

Conclusion

These executive motor programmes are made up of sub-routines which are performed individually and also described as mini skills. As the novice performer begins to become an expert performer these mini skills are performed almost without any thought and the execution of the skill will become fluent and appear to be automatic every time it is performed. If the performance is at this level the skill is said to be grooved or overlearned. "for example a top level trampolinist can do a somersault automatically because the motor programme for that skill is stored in his/her long term memory. Due to it being well learned he does not require feedback about the skill therefore there is an open loop control. Closed loop control makes use of kinaesthetic feedback to tell the performer about slight adjustments which need to be made in order to make the skill successful. For example a child who is learning to balance in a headstand. Feedback is vital as a slight change of body position may cause imbalance and the skill becomes uncontrolled. In practice performers will be constantly moving from closed loop to open loop control to aid successful performances." www.sheffieldpeonline.co.uk Example of executive motor programme ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    Not enough blood returns to the heart, so the heart attempts to beat faster to increase the flow. Dizziness or light-headedness, results when not enough blood reaches the head. You should continue low intensity cycling, running or walking until your heart rate is below 120 or so beats per minute.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    I did all my stretches and held them for 12 seconds each. Swiss ball chest press: I completed the first two sets using 16 kg and for the first time managed to carry out part of the third set - I managed to do two repetitions.

  1. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    can twist my hips in time and the shot will be played down the line rather than anywhere else across the table. Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 6;00 - 7;00 (Forehand Topspin down the line position practice) This will involve no ball nor bat, but will be all about

  2. Technique Sheet Activity - Swimming Front Crawl

    The feet dropping also caused problems when the left arm as it went through the recovery stage because the whole arm would be so close to the surface of the water it would be difficult for the elbow to exit first and to keep it higher than the hand throughout.

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    The use of video replays within sport has become more and more intensive to the extent that within cricket especially the role of the umpire has been degraded hugely, as every bad decision they make is replayed on television over and over again.

  2. My Training Programme.

    2 lengths of arm pulls with pull-buoy for the following strokes: front crawl, back crawl, butterfly and breaststroke. I chose this order as I concentrated on separate arms at the beginning of the sessions and then progressed to using both arms before moving onto strokes.

  1. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    thought I may experience a little dis comfort, but was pleased when I did not. I felt that the weights were challenging my body and I was happy with my progression after fully completing the sets. I was enjoying the training sessions more, as the weeks went on, and as I began to enjoy the sessions more.

  2. Gaelic football

    a line, with a space of around ten yard between the groups. A ball is given per two groups and the person with the ball,fist passes it to the first man in the other group of five. The original man then follows his pass to the other group where he joins the back of their line.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work