• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the nature of a skilled performer

Extracts from this document...


AO1 Analyse the nature of skilled performance Skill is used in everyday life , it is used in different ways such as walking, running, reading, writing, cooking etc. Skill can be defined in a number of ways, and there are a number of different types of skill, the three most commonly used skills in sport are cognitive skills, perceptual skills, and motor skills and when you combine the three it is known as perceptual motor skills or psychomotor skills. The mostly commonly used definition of skill is Knapp's theory which states "the learned ability to bring about predetermined results with maximum certainty often with a minimum outlay of time and energy or both" Knapp (1963) .This is saying that skill is learned and comes naturally to the performer, it is always done to perfection in an efficient and effective manor without using a lot of time and energy or both. Skill is learned, learning is a relatively permanent change in performance, performance is a temporary action. In this picture Kaka is using a number of different skills such as cognitive skills he is deciding to hit the shot high/low, curl/swerve amount of power to use. ...read more.


It is almost correct to say that your quality of innate ability will determine your sporting success e.g if you do not possess speed and leg power you are not likely to excel in the long jump, but will better suited to compete in endurance based activities because When people watch a sporting activity they say " he/she has great ability" but that is incorrect because they are watching skill not ability. A good sportsman may have different groups of abilities, abilities do not predict sporting success . "Abilities can be essentially perceptual, essentially motor or a combination of both. Most abilities to do with action are a combination and are referred to as psychomotor abilities. Now there is no definitive list of psychomotor abilities." There are a number of definitions for ability here is a few that I have found: "Ability is a function of both inheritance and experience , though it may be developed and extended with use it is not learned. Abilities underpin the performance of skills"(Bull, 1994) "Stallings L M (1982 - Motor Learning from theory to Practice) ...read more.


These executive motor programmes are made up of sub-routines which are performed individually and also described as mini skills. As the novice performer begins to become an expert performer these mini skills are performed almost without any thought and the execution of the skill will become fluent and appear to be automatic every time it is performed. If the performance is at this level the skill is said to be grooved or overlearned. "for example a top level trampolinist can do a somersault automatically because the motor programme for that skill is stored in his/her long term memory. Due to it being well learned he does not require feedback about the skill therefore there is an open loop control. Closed loop control makes use of kinaesthetic feedback to tell the performer about slight adjustments which need to be made in order to make the skill successful. For example a child who is learning to balance in a headstand. Feedback is vital as a slight change of body position may cause imbalance and the skill becomes uncontrolled. In practice performers will be constantly moving from closed loop to open loop control to aid successful performances." www.sheffieldpeonline.co.uk Example of executive motor programme ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Elite Performer 2

    He also showed good hand eye co-ordination in his fielding catching the ball. Elite Performer 4 Jason Robinson Jason Robinson is an England rugby international and one of the fastest fullbacks/wingers in the world. Jason started of his career as a rugby league player but switched to union.

  2. Chest pass - "Skill is the learned ability to bring about predetermined results with ...

    Main Objective: Emphasis on passing in front of players to ensure they run onto ball Practise 3) Box drill Requirements: - Five players, - Four cones, - One ball * Diagram of layout on following page. > Place cones in a square c.

  1. Skill Classification and Information Processing.

    of power into your shot so that the fielders cannot catch it before it reaches the boundary. Agility is important for batsmen as they must be moving their whole body position to get in the right position to hit the ball, but they must do this very quickly and accurately

  2. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    I carried out all my stretches and held them for 12 seconds each. Swiss ball chest press: I found the first set very easy so I decided to progress to using 16 kg to maintain overload. I used 16 kg for the second set but I was unable to complete the third set with 16 kg.

  1. Personal Exercise Programme

    Normally the intensity used for your ATP-PC system is about 80% of your one repetition maximum. To find the intensity you use, you find your one repetition maximum (the weight that you can only do one repetition on) and then you take a percentage of that depending on which energy system you are going to be training.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme.

    can derive almost 50% of energy from lactic acid. This is due to lactic acid having the ability to be oxidised after and even sometimes during exercise, but it is generally accepted that lactic acid is removed within one hour and 50% within 15 minutes. Lactic acid can only be removed this quickly if an active recovery occurs, where

  1. Technique Sheet Activity - Swimming Front Crawl

    - The hips did not sink as the athlete lands. The photo showed an excellent return to sprinting form, with active arms. Overall the athlete performed the hurdle very efficiently and neatly. C1 + C3 Activity - 110m Hurdles Weaknesses Here I will list the list the weaknesses that were

  2. Synoptic essays for swimming.

    swim to their ultimate maximum which inevitably makes them physically sick hence the use of the buckets, are not required for women to participate in. Female role models within swimming such as Dara Torres have given women and girls the motivation and determination to continue to improve and train for highly competitive awards.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work