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Lifestyle Factors

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Russell Smith 6/10/10 Exercise, Health, and Lifestyle Lifestyle Factors I have been approached by the local Council, who in partnership with various Fitness centres in the area, have identified a need to educate people about various lifestyle factors and how they may affect health. So I am going to discuss and examine the components of lifestyle factors. Physical activity (PA) is anything from pushing the vacuum cleaner around the house, to playing football for a professional team. 30 minutes of moderate intensity PA, 5 times a week is deemed enough to receive health benefits. For children this is increased to 60 minutes a day, but still 5 times a week. Regular PA can increase your BMR by 10%, which can contribute to losing weight and mobilising joints. The actual definition for weight lose is, the decrease of risk of getting CHD (Coronary Heart Disease), some types of cancer (colon and prostate), and diabetes. Also PA helps alleviate arthritis. We've known about the health risks of smoking for over 50 years, yet 1 in 5 adults still smoke. ...read more.


It can lead to any of the following; mouth cancer, larynx cancer, oesophagus cancer, liver, breast cancer, and bowel cancer. Stress is the body's reaction to a change that requires a physical, mental, or emotional adjustment or response. The fight or flight response is the body's (and minds response to change or fear. The body releases a hormone called adrenaline which increases HR (heart rate), breathing rate, and rate of digestion. During stressful periods, extra hormones and chemicals are released which are not used up during exercise and can lead to CDH. The pressure caused by raised HR damages blood vessels. Other physical effects of stress include high blood pressure and it lowers the immune system which makes us more susceptible to suffering from illnesses. Stress can lead to psychological issues such as; depression, anxiety, lack of concentration, and inconsistent behaviour. We can actually lower stress by eating well, exercising regularly, balance work and play, talk out troubles, etc. There are 6 lifestyle factors that affect our health. The first is alcohol which I have already discussed above, alcohol is high in calorie content and low on nutrition. ...read more.


Most tense people don't give themselves sufficient time and space to rest after each stress-filled moment. With no release, your stress hormones keep on working, which is why there are so many people around who lose their tempers at the slightest provocation. The final life factor is diet. Maintaining an overall healthy diet not only offers your body the energy and nutrition that it needs to function, but offers several health benefits as well. Keeping a healthy diet reduces risk of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases, reduces risk for type 2 diabetes, protects against certain cancers, such as mouth, stomach, and colon-rectum cancer. Other things that are reduced are the risk of coronary artery disease, help decrease bone loss and reduce the risk of developing kidney stones, help with weight management, reduce constipation, and reduce risk of coronary artery disease. The daily recommendations guidelines of each food group are; carbohydrates 57%, proteins 13%, fat 30% (no more than 10 % saturated), vitamins and minerals do not have accurate recommended amount because different people need different amounts, and a person should drink between 6 - 8 (2/3 litres) glasses of water. ...read more.

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