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Application of Anatomical and Physiological Knowledge to Improve Performance

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Application of Anatomical and Physiological Knowledge to Improve Performance Identification and Justification Strength: Means the power of resisting attacks, to resist force and most importantly the capacity for exertion or endurance whether physical or mentally. There are three types of strength needed in football but they are needed for different reasons at different times some of them are: Maximum Strength: In football the maximum strength you exert is rare however when doing a long throw-in you need the maximum strength to power the ball a long way. Elastic Strength: In football the elastic strength you exert could be when you change direction of your running quickly and spring off a foot to start your sprint again Strength Endurance: In football strength endurance. Suppleness: The quality or state of being supple and flexible. In football Suppleness is important because without it you are prone to injury but that is the same with most sports so specifically for football suppleness is needed when goalkeeping. This is when you are diving for a save or reaching high to punch away the ball Stamina: Energy and staying power, especially of the kind that is needed to tackle and withstand prolonged physical or mental exertion. Stamina is the ability to be able to run or perform that extra bit longer and increases your fitness so that you can last longer doing exercises. In football this could simply be the ability to keep running for the full 90 minutes and to be able to go more if needed for say, extra time. ...read more.


My personal Warm-Up would consist of, in the order that I would do it: 1. 5 to 10 minutes jogging changing direction regularly to get the blood circulation working better and faster, the Vascular System will be able to diffuse oxygen into the blood cells more efficiently and therefore increasing the amount you can exercise. 2. The next action I would take would be to stretch for around 5 minutes all muscles that are likely to be used. The Dynamic Stretching Exercise will reduce muscle stiffness and reduce injury when playing. This is important because a benefit of an appropriate warm up can result in Increased Speed of Muscular Contraction. 3. Finally I would prepare specifically for the game itself, practising drills like passing or shooting which will increase the awareness of; pitch conditions; the ball etc. This would include warming up the force of the kick and the contractions of the leg muscles. Benefits of a Warm-Up: * Increased speed of contraction and relaxation of warmed muscles * Dynamic exercises reduce muscle stiffness * Greater range of movement because of less resistance within warmed muscles * Increased blood flow through tissues and muscles, increasing metabolism and muscle temperatures * Allows the heart rate to get to a workable rate for beginning exercise Cool Down: It is important to do a proper cool down as your muscles can stiffen up due to the lactic acid staying with your muscles and causing stiffness. ...read more.


To achieve this execution your body needs to be slightly opened up to be able to get contact on the ball. The way Beckham is leaning back here shows how he has moulded his body to create that perfect execution. This close up diagram shows where impact should be on the ball from your foot. The lace part and instep side of the foot is where contact needs to be and this will generate the most efficient kick. Recovery The main recovery to overcome from a free kick is the balance, the position you have to put yourself in means that after you have kicked the ball, the kicking foot has to quickly be positioned from kicking to stopping you from falling over. Usually in game situations the recovery is essential as you may need to recover quickly and effectively to be able to face the next challenge. However as it is during a set play and the game is broken down, a recovery isn't as essential. Result After the physical criteria such as the above which involve movements we need to receive feedback and this comes from the result of the free kick. You need to assess whether the shot was good or bad? Was it where you thought it would go? Etc. A good method for this is by photo analysis by getting someone to take a picture of the ball where it ended up in the goal you can see for yourself. Another result you can take is whether or not the performance felt good this is intrinsic feedback and comes from the performers own feelings. ...read more.

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