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Arousal Theories. Arousal is defined as a perception of anticipation and alertness that performers my encounter before a match

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Introduction

´╗┐Luke Stubbs Arousal Theories Arousal is defined as a perception of anticipation and alertness that performers my encounter before a match. It prepares the body for action and is a physiological effect that can be both positive and negative. ?the energised state is how Honeybourne defienes arousal and can also be known as a performers readiness for action. ?The energised state, or the readiness for action that motivates a performer to behave in a particular way. High arousal can cause us to worry & become anxious, which is negative if it isn?t controlled. Raising arousal level can also cause a state of ?readiness? to perform ? this is largely a positive aspect & can enhance performance. ...read more.

Middle

good tennis players play better against stronger opposition. Another theory for arousal is inverted U-theory. An increase in arousal causes improvement in performance up to an optimal point (moderate arousal level). After this point, increased arousal leads to deteriorated performance. Level of expertise is important because as a beginner needs only very low levels of arousal to perform well. Because control of the skill is not yet automatic, i.e. a novice may lose concentration or become anxious, therefore low levels result in optimum performance. In contrast, such low levels of arousal will have no effect on the elite performer, who needs much higher levels to produce optimum performance. ...read more.

Conclusion

One final theory of arousal is attentional narrowing. There is a limited amount of attentional capacity available at any one time. The attention capacity that we have at any one time is related to our level of arousal. When we are lethargic our capacity is low, but it increases as arousal increases. This partly explains the value of arousal to effective performance. However, if arousal continues to increase it begins to have a damaging effect & research within sport psychology has contributed to our understanding of what?s happening. Too much arousal may undermine athlete?s ability to narrow his attentional focus. Arousal increases immediately before performance of fine motor task causes additional attentional narrowing which seems to damage performance. Attentional narrowing causes player to scan attentional field less often or use his dominant attentional style, rather than several attentional styles as the occasion demands. ...read more.

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