• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Athletics Portfolio.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ATHLETICS PORTFOLIO In my portfolio I am doing about the shot put and the triple jump. I chose these because they are two of my best events. During my portfolio on the events I will be writing about technique, progressive practices, training, stars who influenced me to do these events, rules and tactics and finally a risk assessment on the two. SHOT PUT (Right handed thrower) How to perform the shot put When introducing the shot put to the beginner, the instructor should teach the student to balance the shot in his hand so it is resting at the point where the fingers are connected to the palm of the hand. Many beginners tend to wrap their fingers around the shot and grab on to it like holding cricket ball. Throwers should also be instructed to keep their fingers together and allow their thumb to gently rest against the side of the shot that opposes the other four fingers. Once the proper grip has been established, the thrower is ready to learn how to place the shot in a position to be thrown. The shot should be placed underneath the jaw, roughly one inch in front of the ear. The hand should be pressing the shot against the neck to support it in this position. It is very important that the throwing hand is behind the shot and not underneath it. Having the throwing hand behind the shot allows the thrower to release the implement away from the chest in the same manner one would push a weighted bar away from the chest while bench pressing. Many beginners tend to put their throwing hand underneath the shot in an effort to support and control it. This should be discouraged since it will either cause the thrower to push the shot in an upward manner upon release, causing the release angle to be too high, or the thrower will "drop" his elbow upon release, resulting in a great loss of power. ...read more.

Middle

The take-off foot should be the athlete's strongest leg due to the fact it will be used for the Hop and the Step, or determined by the athlete's preference. The jumper should concentrate on an even rhythm for each landing. The foot strike of the Hop and Step should be flat or full-footed, with the landing leg knee bent slightly in preparation for take-off. Break the jump into its component phases. Teach the hop phase by having the athlete do a walking one-legged hop several times, then incorporate the circling action of the hop leg. Follow this with multiple one-legged hops with a circling leg, flat landing, and upright posture. After learning the Hop, move onto the Step and Jump phases. Consecutive bounds duplicate the step and jump actions. The jumper should do these with a double-arm action and land full-footed. The desired distance of each bound should be the Hop 35%, the Step 30%, and the Jump 35% of the total jump. Next combine the three phases of the jump. Start with Hop and Step combinations on grass. Stress carrying momentum from the Hop into the Step. Finally, add the Jump phase. Again, emphasize carrying momentum from one phase to the next with an even rhythm for each phase. While learning the event, stress the desired percentages in each phase of the jump. Once the jump phases have been put together, slowly add steps to the run-up in accordance with the athlete's ability to control his speed properly. The approach run for the Triple Jump is similar to that of the Long Jump. The purpose of both run-ups is to create the greatest amount of speed that can be controlled for that jump. Lack of strength and technique skills will reduce the distance and the amount of speed that can be carried successfully into the jump. The major difference in the triple jump approach is the transition into the jump. ...read more.

Conclusion

Driving the arms and leg provides the needed vertical impulse off the ground without attempting to jump upward. After the arms have blocked, they are then pulled behind the body in preparation for the Step phase. When using double-arm method, the coach must make sure the athlete is not loading up before the first phase by cocking both arms back at take-off. Loading only decreases the crucial horizontal velocity. Foot Strike Through the Three Phases The transition from Hop to Step, and Step to jump is of utmost importance in maintaining the greatest velocity during each phase of the Triple Jump. This active landing, referred to as pawing, is similar to the foot strike of a tiger, reaching out, grabbing the ground and pulling it towards him. In an active landing the athlete's leg is extended, the ankle flexed and the entire lever pulled down forcefully striking the ground mid-foot. Upon contact the body rolls forward over the foot onto the toes while pushing off the ground. If the athlete lands stiffly on the heel, a braking action occurs, decreasing velocity and distance, and increasing the chance of injury. Rules and tactics Two rules in the triple jump are that you should always jump from either on or behind the boards and exit through the end of the pit, not the sides. When in a Triple jump put competition you may choose to put all your effort into your first jump to get an early lead, or hold back and give a false impression to those you are competing against and put all your effort into a final jump at the end, you may also go flat out for every jump. Risk assessment Major risks when doing triple jump in school are implements in the sand pit. This can range from excrement to bits of plastic or glass from dropped litter. It is vial that before performing the jump you check that this is clear. The correct footwear (with laces tied) should also be worn. Adam Hughes 10MPB ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Identify the important components/skills/techniques needed for a successful performance in the shot put.

    tend to be irritable and complain about feeling on edge, are easily tired and have trouble sleeping. If all these factors were to happen to an athlete before a very important event, then they would obviously be severely hindered in competing.

  2. Techniques, Rules and Tactics of Football

    For taking corners the kicking technique is usually to use the instep of the foot, and to kick low down and slightly across the ball to generate a lift and apply a spin to the ball.

  1. Athletics Assignment - The Long Jump

    be adapted to the 'Box Hang' technique: 'The hang technique involves putting the body into an elongated position in order to slow rotation. This is achieved by extending the arms and legs in flight.' www.athleticslinks.com/trainljump.html - Jonathan Mulkeen, 24/10/2003. The technique is shown below: www.runningonline.com - 24/10/2003 My jump technique

  2. PPP Action plan 2003.

    Recorded: I will of course have my fathers results, as well as a few comments from my coach as to how he thinks I have improved 2) Timescale 03/01/2003 26/12/2003 MACROCYCLE Crystal palace hoop fest (long term, short term-retest of fitness components on the 14/02/2003)

  1. Teamwork Assessment

    In the individual group which I was assigned to, we got annoyed, frustrated and we quickly lost interest. Everyone needed to help one another otherwise it was impossible to complete this exercise. We finally got it completed through better organisation and communication.

  2. Basic Techniques and Tactics in Cricket.

    The arm should finish in front of you. A flat throw is a more powerful throw. It is basically performed by stepping into a sideways on position from where the arm follows through quickly. There are two main techniques for catching in cricket, the Front hand catch (English)

  1. National Governing Rules and Regulations - Practical Performance

    The Return & Order of Play When returning the ball it should be struck so that it passes over or touches the net and then touches the opponent's court. The order of this play starts with the server making the first service with the receiver making a return shot and

  2. Free essay

    stress and risk

    In the past, college students had to rely almost exclusively on the resources that were physically on their campus to enhance their program of study. The knowledge of their instructor, the participation of the students in their classes, and the holdings of their campus library dictated their learning sphere.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work