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classification of skill

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Introduction

Review the classification of skills to include the differences between; individual, co-active and interactive skills. In attempting to review the classification of skills, I will cover the following points. Firstly I will define skill, using quotes from Davis, Galligan. I will then compare and contrast individual, co-active and interactive skill, relating them to certain sports. Next I will discuss the many ways of classifying skill. To conclude I will discuss why classification of skill is useful, when selecting a skill for a teacher to teach. We ask ourselves the question "what is skill?" Welford's definition suggests it is "the learned ability to bring about predetermined results with maximum certainty, often with minimum outlay of time or energy or both." Hargie said skill was, "an organised, co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation which involved a whole chain of sensory, centre and motor mechanisms." Skill can sometimes be confused with ability and technique. They may have a certain relationship with skill but they are completely different. By definition Skill= ability + technique. There are so many different types of skill, such as; Cognitive, Motor, Perceptual, Closed, Open, Gross, Fine, Discrete, Serial, Continuous, Individual, Co-active and Interactive. ...read more.

Middle

Lastly, an example of an interactive sport is hockey. In hockey you come into physical contact with your competitors. The closer you come into contact, the more they can affect your performance, as your performance is mainly affected by how well your competitor plays and how well they allow you to play. For example in Rugby there is a lot of physical contract, which will obviously affect your performance more than in you were playing hockey as there is less contact, it also depends on how closely you are being marked. And as in an individual and a co-active sport your competitor can affect your performance psychologically. So we can see that individual, co-active and interactive performance can be affected psychologically, as your competitor may try to "psych" you out, by giving you strange looks, whispering behind your back or by calling you names. This is a diagram to show how different sports can be classified according to the amount of interaction. Gymnastics 100m Sprint Hockey Individual Co-active Interactive Figure Skating 800metres Rugby The next problem we come across is; "why do we classify skill?" ...read more.

Conclusion

And we know that teaching an interactive and co-active skill, is much harder as it is in an open environment. A coach can therefore decide what type of skills they should teach and how to teach them depending on the stage of learning of a pupil. For example a beginner may be taught to dribble a hockey ball, in a closed environment without an opponent, then they would be taught to do it in a timed environment and finally in an open environment with an opponent. In conclusion I have compared and contrasted the many different types of skills their is and how we can classify them in the most effective way, so they are easier to teach and I think the best way is to place them into continuums based on the factors that affect them and their characteristics. This way, allows us to see which skills are easier to teach, depending on the stage of learning. For example; individual skills are easier to teach as they are in a fixed environment. A continuum is a continuous series of skills that blend in with each other so gradually that it is impossible to say were one ends and the other begins. ?? ?? ?? ?? Helen Perry ...read more.

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