• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Classification of Skill

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

SKILL ACQUISITION "Review the classification of skills to include the differences between individual, coactive and interactive." My definition of skill is a coordinated, consistent and controlled movement that is aesthetic (good to watch). Skill is learned and is predetermined used with good technique. This is a definition of skill itself according to 'Bull': 'Skill is learned; it is the efficient attainment of a pre-specified goal; it involves speed, accuracy and the adaptation of movements to the requirements of the task.' 'Roscoe Textbook' defines the classification of skills: 'Classification is the process of grouping similar skills together and giving them a generic label.' Skill is split into 3 categories: Motor, Perceptual and Cognitive. Motor Skills are skills that use the muscular system to initiate movement and muscular control e.g. running or swimming. Perceptual Skills are skills that involve the interpretation of information received from the surroundings (stimuli) e.g. snooker. Cognitive Skills are those which your intellect is involved in thought e.g. adding/subtracting score in darts. Within skill there are many types, each needing different attributes for them to be executed perfectly, for example, the free throw in Basketball, if you have your hands in the wrong position, the shot ends up being wayward of the hoop. ...read more.

Middle

It also helps that I know from personal experience what is involved in each skill and type of sport. It seems individual skills are predominantly 'self paced' and 'closed'. This makes sense as by definition individual skills are those in which no direct opposition is involved with the performer making it hard for a third party to affect the skill. The only exception is when the environment affects the skill, for example in a high jump competition, there maybe a huge crowd or a family member watching, which may affect the performer psychologically. It is similar with playing a sport involving the weather for example, kicking a penalty in rugby would be very hard to control if there is a powerful headwind. It seems that also lots of individual skills are discrete with a clear beginning and end and the skill can be repeated. However, there are anomalies too. For example, canoeing is an individual sport but the skill is continuous and can be stopped whenever the performer wishes. I think there are anomalies because the majority of individual skills are those with an objective for example, in the high jump you're objective is to get over the bar, that's all, there are no other components involved. ...read more.

Conclusion

The hockey gridlock for example, if two performers were to go into a tackle, the force you would be putting in would be internal but the force working against you would be external. So if you won the tackle, you would say that the tackle was more internally paced than externally. When trying to evaluate whether interactive skills are discrete or continuous. I feel some aspects of interactive sports are discrete, for example, the penalty kick in Rugby. But I also feel that some aspects of interactive sports are continuous, for example, running in Rugby. So I think it is fair to say that interactive sports cannot be generalised into these two categories. This is most likely due to the diversity within this type of skill. To conclude, to classify skills, we group skills together so we can tell them apart by placing these skills on a continuum. Within the classification system there are four main continuums - muscle involvement, the affect of the environment, the pacing of the skill and the way in which the skill is carried out. By using this method we identify differences by looking at trends and patterns. Each continuum offers different information which is used by coaches and performers alike because it gives a thorough understanding of skills and relationships between them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. PE coursework Chosen Sport Rugby -working on my weaknesses as a fullback

    In comparison, someone who possesses a n.AF personality will display characteristics such as; a constant worry of failure, always attempting to avoid shame and humiliation, they will choose easy tasks, dislike personal feedback and will give up easily. I possess a need to achieve personality and it is this that

  2. PEP basketball

    up with the speed set by the tape at which point they should voluntarily withdraw. * If the athlete fails to reach the end of the shuttle before the beep they should be allowed 2 or 3 further shuttles to attempt to regain the required pace before being withdrawn *

  1. Netball Attacking skills.

    only limited with their vision but also their time they have possession of the ball. This exercise will help to improve your ability to catch and release the ball in a very short period of time. This relates it to a games situation as there will be many times throughout

  2. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    * Intensive Tempo - continuous runs at 80-90% of maximum heart rate. Lactate levels become high as these runs boarder on speed endurance and special endurance. Intensive tempo training lays the base for the development of anaerobic energy systems. My performer mainly participates in Gaelic football and therefore her main

  1. A2 Practical Assessment Of Rugby

    done by the first men going for the ball carrier and ball, then players going either side of them to prevent any opposition players grabbing from the side.

  2. Skill Classification and Information Processing.

    The types of abilities are: Speed, power, balance, co-ordination, agility, reaction time, flexibility and timing. Skill, technique and abilities are all linked together in the equation: Skill = Ability + Technique + Practice Different skills require varying abilities and techniques; but they all necessitate training/practice in order to become perfected and 'skilful'.

  1. Leadership Essay

    is that they all must be adapted and used according to the situation and circumstances. There are three main style of leadership, autocratic, democratic and Laissez-faire. A good leader will naturally incorporate a mixture of these, whereas those with poor leadership skills will often stick to one style regardless of the situation or type of learner.

  2. Gaelic football

    Vascular advantages . Slightly better blood flow due to blood viscosity lower at higher temperature . An increase in blood pressure forces blood more quickly through arteries. . Capillaries dilate with oxygenated blood. Joint advantages . Stretching of relevant joints and muscles prepares them for operation over its full range.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work