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Critically Evaluate The Relationship Between Team Cohesion and Performance in Competitive Sport.

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  • Essay length: 3514 words
  • Submitted: 15/12/2002
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AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill

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Critically Evaluate The Relationship Between Team Cohesion and Performance in Competitive Sport.

Within sports performance or sports situations, groups are visible to any level, whether they are competitive, spectative, administrative or managerial. Bass (1960) defined a group as a collection of individuals whose existence as a collection is rewarding to the individual. This may ultimately be associated with sporting success when placed in a sporting situation, however socialisation may be the reward gained from any spectators. It could be therefore important to distinguish a team from a group, Weinberg and Gould (1999) highlighted that a team shows more obvious interaction than that of a group. Furthermore Weinberg and Gould (1999) suggested that a collective identity is a distinguishing characteristic for teams. Such examples may come as team names, reputations or rankings.

A team although has to survive and work together in order to establish success. The force that holds the team together was described as cohesion. Many definitions have been put forward to describe this concept. Festinger (1950) described it as the resultant forces, which are acting upon members to remain within the group. Cohesion can be defined on two determining factors: Task cohesion and Social cohesion.

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