• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Define personality and how personality affects performance

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Unit17 Task1 Catriona Quigley Define personality and how personality affects performance (Task1/P1) While there are many different theories of personality, the first step is to understand exactly what is meant by the term personality. A definition would be that personality is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviours that make a person unique. In addition to this, personality arises from within the individual and remains fairly consistent throughout life. There are a number of theories and approaches that have been suggested to try to explain personality and how it can influence sports performance. The main theories I will look at are: 1. Sheldon's Constitutional theories (1942) 2. Trait Theory 3. Cattell?s 16PF 4. Situational Approach 5. Social learning theory 6. Type A and Type B 7. Interaction Approach There are many different theories on personality which affect performance but none of them can ever be exact. Sheldon's Constitutional theories (1942) One of the first attempts at a theory of personality was Sheldon's constitutional theory, which related personality to soma type. Sheldon believed that different body shapes created different personalities. Endomorph - Endomorphs are predisposed to storing fat, known to be sociable, friendly and fun loving. ...read more.

Middle

The 16 PF (Personality Factors) test which resulted from this work is still in use today. He was an early proponent of using factor analytical methods instead of what he called "verbal theorizing" to explore the basic dimensions of personality, motivation, and cognitive abilities. One of the most important results of Cattell's application of factor analysis was his discovery of 16 factors underlying human personality. He called these factors "source traits" because he believed they provide the underlying source for the surface behaviours we think of as personality. This theory of personality factors and the instrument used to measure them are known respectively as the 16 personality factor model and the 16PF Questionnaire. Introverts tend to be drawn to individual sports like long-distance running; extroverts prefer team- and action-orientated sports like football. Psychologists think that extroverts are drawn to these types of sport because they offer high levels of excitement and stimulation, and the ever-changing and unexpected environments required to keep them interested in the activity. Athletes that are towards the unstable or neurotic end of the scale experience high levels of over-arousal during the early stages of performance, which can lead to lower levels of performance. ...read more.

Conclusion

Type A performers are the kind that never turn up to training and never listen to there coaches, for example; Wayne Rooney who is a famous football player is all one sided which shows he never listened to his coach, however he has a very high ability of achievement which gives him his talents, although a type A can have two personalities with no gaols so the type A with no or little ability will never be a high achiever. Type B personalities tend to be more tolerant towards others, more relaxed and reflective than their type A counterparts, experience lower levels of anxiety and display higher levels of imagination and creativity. In sport these traits can either help or hinder performance, type A personalities are more likely than type B personalities to continue participating in a sport when the situation becomes favourable or when they are not motivated to take part. Effects on sports performance There is no direct link between personality type and successful sporting performance. Some research has suggested that certain personality types may be more attracted to certain sports, but little says that your personality will make you a better athlete. Candidate NO.8246 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Self analysis of football performance - Comparison to elite model

    As he kicks the ball, there is isometric contraction of gastrocnemius of the kicking leg and eccentric contraction of quadriceps. Results: Due to the accuracy of his passes and his good judgement of distance of team mates, Gerard has a 90% short pass success rate.

  2. Psychology for Sports Performance - task1 - How personality affects sports performance.

    When you casually describe someone you are likely to use trait terms e.g. a person could be, for example, somewhat of an introvert, a pretty nervous person, strongly attached to their family, frequently depressed and very intelligent. Have a good sense of humor, fond of languages, very fond of good

  1. Learning theories in sport

    Bandura provided three alternative endings to the film: Group A - Saw only the doll being hit. Group B - Saw the adult being praised and rewarded for hitting the doll. Group C - Saw the adult being punished for hitting the doll.

  2. Techniques, Rules and Tactics of Football

    If the crossbar can be repaired, the match is restarted with a dropped ball at the place where the ball was located when play was stopped. * (see page 3) * Decision 2 Goalposts and crossbars must be made of wood, metal or other approved material.

  1. Using Sport Psychology to Help my Performance in Volleyball.

    This resulted in my first serve hitting the bottom of the net, and failed at returning severe. However once arousal levels normalised my general volleyball game play increased accordingly. In times of underachieving or underperforming I implemented mental worded phrases and statements, in a positive attempt to increase arousal levels and self belief.

  2. Sports leadership. In this unit of work I am going to look at ...

    The sports leaders I am going to look at are, Miss Howden, Sue Anderson and Connie Evans. Miss Howden is a P.E teacher therefore she is at a high level of sports leadership this is because she has gained experience throughout her years of teaching.

  1. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    usually play the ball past me automatically putting me on the back foot of the rally. Unlike Paul Drinkhall who straight away recognises what spin is being applied to the ball and so can play a shot back to counter the spin and put the opponent on the back foot from the start of the rally.

  2. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    analyse, runs scored and balls faced, what number I batted, 4's and 6's scored, wickets taken, amount of overs bowled, runs conceded from bowling, wides bowled, no-balls bowled, catches taken and droped, run-outs made, positions fielded and amount of misfields.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work