• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe arousal, anxiety and stress including their causes. Explain effects on performance.

Extracts from this document...


Describe arousal, anxiety and stress including their causes. (P3) Explain effects on performance. (M2) Arousal Arousal is the amount of mental energy or preparedness a person has prior to performance. Being aroused has different effects on the body and mind being aroused will make you fell mentally excites, have an increased pulse, blood pressure and temperature. Sweating is likely to occur as having butterfly's in your stomach your focus will increase as you set yourself into the zone you are playing in. There are different levels of arousal under aroused, optimum arousal and over arousal. Being under aroused gives you a slow RT your attention span and concentration goes broad and you have slow reaction and stimuli. Being over aroused will lead to being highly excited, having a decrease in motor control leading to poor execution of skills. Attention span becomes narrow giving tunnel vision and making poor decisions. Optimum arousal makes the athlete physically and mentally prepares for action, making them make good decision and execute skills accurately the athlete will also have a quick RT. Optimum levels of arousal are affected by how difficult or intellectual a sport is, how much cognitive energy it requires, and how much endurance and persistence the sport/task needs. ...read more.


Stress is anything that can cause a person react invariably, however each person responds differently to stress. There are many causes of stress within athletes. Such as injury, mental fatigue, when it is thought that what is being asked of an athlete is beyond their perceived abilities, when too much is asked of the athlete in too short a space of time when unnecessary obstacles are put in the way of achieving goals. Some of these things are intrinsic and some possibly less are extrinsic. It is these factors, which cause most stress in elite athletes. There are two types of stress these are known as Eustress and Distress. Eustress is known as the better stress, the stress which provides us mental and physical energy which leads us in a direction to move forward and get things done. It also provides us with a sense of fulfilment and happiness when being challenged mentally or physically. For a footballer Eustress can be felt in an international game when they are singing the national anthem with a stadium full of 70,000 fans chanting it with them, this can provide the footballers great fulfilment knowing and having that feeling of all of those people behind them to do well. ...read more.


Behavioural symptoms Behavioural responses to stress occur when an individual carries out actions to either make them feel like it is helping them cope with stress or makes them feel more relaxed and comfortable. Symptoms are: * Talking, eating and walking quickly * Interrupting conversations * Increased smoking, drinking and eating. * Fidgeting * Lethargy * Moodiness * Grudge bearing * Accidents and clumsiness * Poor personal presentation * Nervous habits For an athlete they can carry out behavioural stress symptoms even within a game, for an example if a referee gives a unjustifiable penalty against a defender, this defender could become moody and angry towards the referee, and they even may bear a grudge against this referee for further matches, which will make the player even more stressed because before every game if the player knows that same referee if refereeing their game they are going to link it back to that incident. Sports performers can even take up bad eating patterns whereby they are so stressed they cannot find the right time to eat, therefore they begin to lose muscle mass and weight and start to become lethargic and are unable to perform to their best ability. ?? ?? ?? ?? BTEC National Sport Level 3 Abbie O'Brien ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

With the inclusion of 'catastrophe theory', this would be a strong merit piece of work! :)

Marked by teacher Lindsay Taverner 08/02/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Performance analysis of passing and tackling in rugby.

    always knew where his support players were and passed them the ball accordingly. However this could also be due to the effectiveness of the communication by him and his team mates displayed in their surroundings. The performer consistently spotted gaps in defence and delivered the ball into the gaps or attacked the line himself.

  2. PE coursework Chosen Sport Rugby -working on my weaknesses as a fullback

    Within this stage it is suggested that the brain can only process the initiation of one action or response when presented with two closely following stimuli. This creates a psychological refractory period (PRP) - the delay between being able to respond to the second of two closely spaced stimuli.

  1. Analysis of Performance - Netball.

    Whereas, if it is not your centre pass as (WA), the player needs to defend and mark her partner closely, as she may run up in attempt to get the ball. Also the ability to make use of the weaknesses of the opponents and be aware of your own.

  2. BTEC Sport 6 week training program

    then do 5 sets of 50m sprints with the bag/sled/parachute on your back. Wednesday Training for local club, don't be lazy! Thursday Plyometrics again, skip with your arms and legs as far apart as possible about 30m as fast as you can, do this three times.

  1. Self analysis of football performance - Comparison to elite model

    Although there is sufficient power behind the shot, my shot is not as hard as Gerard's as I do not have as much muscular strength and power in the gastrocnemius, hamstring and quadriceps of my kicking leg. I do not have as much control over the shot as Gerard as

  2. Psychology for Sports Performance - task1 - How personality affects sports performance.

    Personality traits can predict a limited amount of behavior. Personality can be used with physiological and situational factors in order to suggest whether an athlete will be more or less successful in a sporting situation. Social learning theory - This personality characterized our learning and is not genetically predetermined.

  1. PE coursework - football

    Sometimes the Rooney will be so close to being offside but because he is so aware of where the ball is and the defenders he times it to perfection. I?m not that good at this because I?m not faced with the opportunity that many times in a game.

  2. Analysing my rugby skills and elite players.

    above my hips. This tends to lead to me pushing with my torso and arms rather than back and legs. My legs are straight and I push with my feet and toes rather than my quadriceps this is good for small movements as the leverage enables more power; however it is useless to cover a good distance in a maul.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work