• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe "Fitt's and Posner's" phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance performance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe "Fitt's and Posner's" phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance performance. The Fitt's and Posner's stages of learning are a series of practices and learning exercises that will help people to learn specific skills by viewing others doing so. 'Learning is a more or less permanent change in performance brought about by experience' - Knapp 1973 Practice is the rehearsal of a performance in order to learn or improve a skill. The two above definitions of learning and practice show that they are both linked. You cant learn without practice, and if you practice, you will learn. If you practice an exercise correctly, your performance should reflect this, but jumping from learning a skill, to being able to perform it expertly every time, is impossible, and this is where Fitt's and Posner's phases learning come in to play. The Fitt's and Posner's phases of learning are split into 3 different stages, the cognitive, associative and autonomous stages. ...read more.

Middle

Once the learner thinks that they have the correct mental picture, they must practice the skill with a partner, or with the coach, who will give feedback as to where the learner is going right or wrong. Once this phase has been mastered, it would be time to move on to the next phase. The associative stage is where the learner must practice a skill with verbal feedback and guidance from the coach. This will help them to improve the way in which they perform the skill. This help from the coach is very important as they must identify exactly what the learner is doing wrong to correct them. Also, the learner should look towards professional matches to see how the skill is performed by professionals, so that their idea of how to use that skill in a game situation grows. The coach will be able to start using more complex language to explain the skill as the learner should have started to build an understanding of what to do. ...read more.

Conclusion

They can devise their own warm ups that should concentrate on the specific parts of the body used for the particular skill that they wish to practice, and should br able to use a skill in various situations, whether it be passing the ball between themselves and a friend in the park, or using that skill in a match situation where there are an unlimited number of option to place the ball to beat the opposition and complete the pass to a team mate. A coach will help them to improve their performance of the skill, and let them know if they are doing anything wrong. In conclusion, Fitt's and Posners phases of learning can be regarded as important for structuring any sporting practice. All learning seems to develop through these phases. However, Fitts and Poseners fail to realise that some learners may already poses the ability to perform the first stage of learning. Therefore, practices should take this into account, and maybe use these developed learners as demonstrators in the cognitive phase. Word Count: 1009 Candidate Number: ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Analysis of Performance

    advantage: an individual with a slower reaction time might false-start, forcing the faster starters to wait and be sure of hearing the gun for the subsequent start, thereby losing some of their advantage. 4. Planning, Practices and Training Typical Training session Start with a Thorough Warm up Jog for 10

  2. Different Types of Learning. Everyone has there own way of learning people might have ...

    Graph 3: shows small improvements at the beginning of practice, then a large amount of improvement later on in practice. Graph 4: is a combination of all the previous curves Graph 5: indicates that during certain periods of practice, or from one particular trial to another, there was no improvement in performance.

  1. Free essay

    Fitts and posners

    used also for feedback purposes and gives time to the performer to recover. Distrubuted practice mainly means a technique where an athlete distributes his or her study effort in a given course over many study sessions that are relatively short in duration.

  2. National Governing Rules and Regulations - Practical Performance

    then the game is interrupted and resumes with service from the player who served in the previous rally which was stopped. Conversely if the ball is out of play then the player who received the ball in the previous rally will take the service.

  1. fitts and posner

    Simplistic general feedback must be given to the performer so as not to overload them with technical terminology that they wouldn't be able to implement. The cognative phase has also been identified by (Martenuik, 1976) as the third level of motor control which has a closed loop element with proprioceptive awareness.

  2. Analyse and Observe a sportspersons performance and see how they can improve

    Natasha should be able to demonstrate a confident header for it is a useful skill when the ball is in the air. Natasha could use a header to regain possession of the ball, attack the ball forward, defend the ball away and/or to potentially score a goal.

  1. phases of learning

    Like in gymnastics, if the performer is taught how to do the movement for too long, then it's more then likely that they will lose interest in the routine and if made to perform it, will not be of a high standard.

  2. fitts and posner

    This phase includes a lot of trial and error as obviously beginners are not going to get everything right the first time, so they are either going to succeed or fail. At this stage the leaner will need feedback from their performance.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work