• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe Fitts and Posners phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance performance

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe Fitts and Posners phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance performance Fitts and Posner's phases of learning includes three stages of learning, these are the Cognitive Stage, Associative Stage and the Autonomous Stage. As learners begin to gain a new skill, they are confronted with some very specific, cognitvely leaning problems. To explain for this cognitive activity, Fitts and Posner called the first stage of learning the cognitive stage. This stage is noticeable by a large number of errors in the performance, and the nature of the errors being committed tends to be gross. For example, a beginning golf student gets the ball in the air sometimes, but also it dribbles on the ground at other times. These results are caused because of some very gross errors made by the student during the golf swing. The cognitive stage is also seen by performance that is highly inconsistent. Although beginners may know that they are doing something wrong, they are generally not conscious of exactly what should be done differently for the next time to improve. ...read more.

Middle

At this stage the skill has become almost automatic or consistent. The individual does not have to go through the entire production of the skill but he/she has learned to perform most of the skill without thinking about it at all. Motor programmes are well learnt and stored in long-term memory therefore there is a shorter reaction time. Highly skilled tennis players concentrate on the ball and some of the particular adjustments that they must make in their normal serve to produce a particular shot. Another example would be where skilled dancers do not think about the individual steps of the routine, because they have become automatic but they have now learnt to concentrate on some of the more important phases of the routine that could be particularly difficult. In the autonomous phase peformers are now able to not only detect their own errors but also make the proper corrections to improve it. Also in this stage the changing of the day-to-day performance has become very small. This autonomous stage is resulted by a large amount of practice which allows performers to produce a reaction without having to concentrate on the whole movement. ...read more.

Conclusion

Ideally, the skill should be 'over learnt' to allow attention to be focused elsewhere. Over learning is the practice time spent beyond the time it takes to perfect the skill. So for this practice I would instruct it by maybe verbal or written, or contained on a worksheet. I would also have to make sure the pupil understands the task and knows what the targets are and can begin to practice. Once I have done that I would need to give intrinsic feedback and provide a lot of information. I then need to test to see what the pupil has leant so far. After that I would then perform the serve or it may be appropriate for a peer to demonstrate the skill. This then lets the pupil have a model of the perfect serve in his memory to work from (mental rehearsal). But the demonstration must be a good one. I then get to the applying part of the skill. Here the pupil needs to practice the serve in a planned situation so that it would help him/her to use it in a real game situation. Also near the end the pupil will need to practice skills such as opposed, unopposed, whole, and part-whole. Skill Acquisition Task 2 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    Swiss ball shoulder press: I have improved a lot from last session as I today managed to do two full sets with 10 kg. I did the third set using 8 kg. Ab crunch: I today managed to complete two and a half sets using 32.5.

  2. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    State the possible causes for the weakness and the theory behind it; A possible theory behind the weakness in which I've stated is that I didn't properly learn the correct technique, in which requires the flick at the end, and that I was taught one the push without the flick

  1. Purpose And Aim Of Training Programme.

    These evaluations should be performed under qualified supervision, as they require maximal effort. These "true" maximum heart rates can vary as much as 15 beats per minute from the "estimated" values, and that can make a difference when you try to determine your training heart rate range.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme

    Awareness of others - when using public facilities it is important to make sure that you take into consider the people around you and don't do anything to endanger them or disrupt what they are doing. All five safety factors are in some way relevant to performing a weights

  1. Fitts and Posner's model identifies three phases or stages of learning.

    Associative (intermediate) phase The learner now understands the aim of the activity. The movement patterns are now becoming more fluent and integrated. Simple aspects of the movement that is being learned is becoming well learned and there is scope to refine the more complex aspects of the skill be learned.

  2. Describe the Fitt's and Posner's phases of learning and explain how you would structure ...

    The beginner is primarily concerned with what to do and how to do it. It is difficult for the beginner to perform the skill successfully in a game situation but they can spend time watching other players use the skill in the appropriate circumstance.

  1. fitts and posner

    They learn how different movements relate to others. At this stage it is essential that the performer receive feedback form spectators or teachers watching their performance so that they can understand what they are doing right or wrong, so they can work out what to change.

  2. `Fitts and Posner's` phases of learning.

    The cognitive stage involves the performer gaining an understanding and creating a mental picture of the required action to form an exclusive motor programme. The theory suggests that this is the initial stage. Information is provided by the coach in the form of demonstrations, video footage, pictures, posters or verbal instruction.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work