• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Describe "Fitts & Posners" Phases of Learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance a performance".

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Describe "Fitts & Posners" Phases of Learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance a performance" An often-quoted phrase about practice, usually to encourage children to keep working and to keep repeating the same task, is that 'practice makes perfect'. It when we look at pupils practicing in any sport, or in any other physical activity for that matter, it is quite clear that, although they are repeating movements, in many cases they are not improving significantly. In fact, in many cases, they are not improving at all. In many cases their lack of success and achievement is de-motivating and they become careless and half-hearted or even angry at what they are doing because of the lack of success. The theory behind the idea that 'practice makes perfect' is that the frequent repetition of that movement involving the same nerve and muscle activity, again and again, establishes the movement pattern. The greater the repetition the more firmly established the movement pattern should be. If the learner is required to do the practice for so long that they become physically fatigued or for so long without feedback on their performance and further stimulation and refocusing of their attention, the quality will deteriorate. In such situations practice does not make 'perfect' but it might well make 'permanent' i.e. it might make the wrong movement more firmly established (Hogarth 1998). ...read more.

Middle

In terms of swimming this can be getting the performer to do the arm and leg/kicking action together. Once they had developed this I could think about incorporating the breathing into this. As they are still learning to put their own technique together, I would not use negative feedback still, but I would use constructive criticism, to make sure they know that they can still improve but I would do a lot of this. I think the best way to get feedback at this level would be intrinsic. By getting the feedback from the performer themselves, it is meaning that they have to think about their own performance and what was good and bad. By the autonomous stage the performance is almost automatic. The learner will not have to pay a great deal of attention to the perceptual and sensory feedback and the skill will remain consistent. In sprinting situations this frees them to focus their attention on other aspects such as bringing their knees up higher, using their arms, increasing the speed or pacing the race. As an automatic response to their relevant stimuli's, their technique should be of a high standard and are able to carry out the skill to a high standard in many different situations. As it's likely that they perform the skill correctly every time, little feedback may need to be given, instead of feedback, as such, as a coach you should ask how it felt and gather information this way. ...read more.

Conclusion

If the skill is taught for too long the performer will lose interest and may not wish to learn the skill correctly and therefore will not be able to move on. Like in gymnastics, if the performer is taught how to do the movement for too long, then it's more then likely that they will lose interest in the routine and if made to perform it, will not be of a high standard. The coach has to learn the tedium threshold of the performer and make sure this is not reached. If the correct feedback is not used then the performer can get confused about what they should be doing and not be able to complete a certain component of the skill and therefore will not be able to complete the overall skill, meaning they can't move on, e.g. the serve and volley in tennis. They may be able to complete the serve component, they then may be able to drive towards the net and get in the position to volley and they may be able to volley well when at the net, but they may be taught wrongly how to do it all together. And so they always lose the point on passing shots etc. so if they are not given the correct feedback about where it's going wrong then they will never be able to improve that overall skill and will be a lesser player because of it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. PE coursework Chosen Sport Rugby -working on my weaknesses as a fullback

    Strategic Weakness 2: Always trying to score myself. My final strategic weakness in a game situation is that when I am in a position where I think I can score a try, even if there is more than one player blocking my path, I will nearly always go for the

  2. Self analysis of football performance - Comparison to elite model

    The simultaneous movement allows him to take a minimal amount of touches as he is already facing the destination of the ball when he turns. Results: Because of this, he Is able to initiate quick counter attacks and move the ball onto his team mates faster.

  1. Fitts and Posner's model identifies three phases or stages of learning.

    In this stage the aim for the learner is to begin to associate himself/herself with the feel of the movements with the end results. Although it is a step up form the cognitive phase it is still important to give feedback, but this time you must be more specific e.g.

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Overload: to improve the fitness of our body system we need to work them harder than normal. The body will than adapt to the extra stress and will become fitter. Overload may occur when you have not fully adapted to the working conditions/ weights being used.

  1. I have chosen badminton for my personal exercise programme. I will enhance my performance ...

    It didn't have to take a long time for me to complete 5 different arm weight training exercises. My left hand felt very tired, hopefully the different between the right arm and left arm can be closer. Week 10 (14/11 - 17/11)

  2. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    which is a bit of shame as it would have been good to average forty. Throughout the six weeks my batting average didn't dip below the thirty mark, which shows me that maybe I set my target a bit low, but with no previous benchmarks to go by I didn't know exactly what to predict.

  1. Analysis of My performance In Rugby

    in a game as I can look either side to offload a the ball to a supporting player. To be able to pass the ball over a long distance is also needed at times to spread the ball across the pitch quickly if there is an overlap or a gap out wide for the winger to run through.

  2. A2 Practical Assessment Of Rugby

    My tackling is generally quite strong, I am normally quite confident when going into a tackle and there are only a few things that I would need to do to change it. Sometimes I do not get low enough, which prevents me from tackling the man around the legs; when

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work