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Describe the different sports massage techniques

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Introduction

Describe the different sports massage techniques that are used by sports massage therapists There are several massage techniques that sports massage therapists use, the main massage techniques are listed and explained below: Manipulation- - The term 'manipulation' comes from the Latin 'manipulare', what means to handle. It covers a range of techniques that use the hands to realign the skeleton, relax muscles and improve circulation. The most common forms of manipulation practised in complementary medicine are osteopathy and chiropractic. Effleurage- -Effleurage consists of long, flowing or gliding strokes, performed with open hands. In many massage sessions, effleurage is used as the initial type of stroking, as it has a calming effect when performed slowly. Effleurage is usually performed in the direction of the heart to promote circulation and lymphatic drainage. Petrissage- -Petrissage is one of the five basic strokes of a Swedish massage. It is performed with kneading movement with the whole palm or finger tips, wringing, skin rolling, compress and lifting. Petrissage is usually applied vertically to the muscle tissue. ...read more.

Middle

There are various massages, all targeting different things. Below is a list of all the anatomy massages can target: -Muscles -Blood vessels -Joints -Ligaments -Tendons The table seen beneath contain several strokes used in the sports massage: Compression Compression uses a quick rhythmic pumping action to get deep into the muscle. This causes the muscle to relax and become more pliable and spreads the tissue. It is performed with full contact of the hand. (Petrissage) Gliding This gliding stroke is used a great deal throughout the massage session to apply lubricant to the skin. It is used to relax and stretch a clients muscles. (Effleurage) Kneading Kneading is a firm stroke used on a specific area to help release muscle tension and improve circulation. The therapist gently grasps an area of the body (for example, calf) with both hands and makes a kneading action similar to that of kneading bread. Vibration Vibrating/jostling the muscle helps to get deep into the muscle. Draining A light/medium pressure stroke which relaxes and stretches the muscles and improves circulation. The therapist will use either the heel of the hand on larger areas (thigh) ...read more.

Conclusion

Post competitions is when the performer will need the massage the most, in sprinting you always don't run at 100% as you save that for the final, after the final race your legs will have a lot of lactic build up in then, could possibly be injured and would need to increase blood circulation so that sugar and other energy can be replenished in the tired muscles. The sports therapist would need to use the correct medium when massaging the athlete and also using ultra sound so that the sound waves can enter the patient easily. There are numerous mediums for massage, or example, talcum power, oil and cream. Some examples of different types of oils are Lotus, Biotone and Earthlite, all these have different scents. I conclude that each of the different massage techniques give different benefits and are used for different injuries, for example effleurage can be used at the beginning of a massage to increase the blood circulation and manipulation can be used for specific muscle groups to help the injured person become more flexible in the join. Reference http://www.101lifestyle.com/beauty/massage/massagestroke.html http://library.thinkquest.org/24206/massage-therapy.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/healthy_living/complementary_medicine/therapies_massage.shtml http://www.massagetherapy.co.uk/ http://www.massagefree.com/masin.html http://www.care2. ...read more.

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