• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss 'Fitts and Posner's' phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices and competition.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss 'Fitts and Posner's' phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices and competition. 'Learning is a more or less permanent change in performance brought about by experience.'(Knapp 1973) To elevate in skill, you need to practise correctly- 'Correct practise leads to improvement' (John Honeyrourne, Michael Hill and Helen Moors, Physical Education and sport) All aspects of sport require learning. Despite the speed at which different people can learn new skills, Fitts and Posner (1967) introduced the three phases of learning to skill acquisition; cognitive, associative and autonomous. The earliest stage of skill learning is the cognitive stage; this includes a lot of trial and error. All faults should be recognised or the learner will learn the skill incorrectly. If the skill is performed correctly it is important that he is praised. This will give him more confidence and make him want to continue extending his skills. This helps the performer to realise why failure occurred so they know what to avoid the next time they attempt it. Watching demonstrations by people that can do the movement correctly will help beginners to visualise the actions in their head. ...read more.

Middle

The learner will be able to associate the movements produced with the mental image they have. Positive feedback will let the performer know they are doing the movements right which in return will enhance their performance. Negative feedback will let them know what they are doing wrong and will help them to correct themselves. Sometimes learners will return to cognitive stage to make sure they are performing the basic skills correctly. This is also the stage where motor programmes are formed- this is a sequence of movements is stored in the long-term memory of the performer. Learning to do a lay up in basketball requires you to be able to run, dribble and concentrate on where you're going and what's in front of you all at the same time. Learners will not face all these problems at once; it will be taken one task at a time. The coach/teacher will carry out practise and drills to teach the learners the skills separately until all skills where at a high enough level to perform and then put them together. Now the leaner has learnt to stand and hit the shuttlecock they will now focus on ways of making the performance better, less errors, fluent movements. ...read more.

Conclusion

If they are still at the cognitive stage, the practises will be fairly easy and will focus on the basics, such as dribbling, shooting, passing etc. If the learners are at the associative stage the practise will need to be a bit harder as the learners will be coming to learn new tings and to improve the performance thy already have, so the practices would involve things such as, small team games, and 3-point shooting. At the autonomous stage the performer will need harder practise but at this stage they may have already taken part in most drills so will just be doing more vigorous training, maybe for longer, but making it harder in little ways. Before starting the practise the area in which the practise is going to be carried out in, needs to be big enough and safe enough. Any other objects needed for practise has to be checked for safety. You also need to consider the weather conditions as this may affect the game if it is an outside sport. When competitions are being formed, the ability of the players should be the main concern. The word competition means to compete, and if the people you are working with/against are not good enough or way to good then there is no point as it is simply not a fair competition. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. PEP basketball

    Each level comprises of a series of 20m shuttles where the starting speed is 8.5km/hr and increases by 0.5km/hr at each level. On the tape a single beep indicates the end of a shuttle and 3 beeps indicates the start of the next level.

  2. Analysing my performance in Badminton.

    is bad if someone is injured and can't train as our bodies will adapted to not doing work and so you would become unfit. This only takes 3 to 4 weeks for this to happen. Tedium We should try to make our fitness programme as interesting as possible so as we don't become bored of doing it.

  1. Leisure, Structure and Society

    The Greeks took part in a variety of leisure activities and created the Olympic games, which still take place today. Although, not all were able to take part in such sports. Manual workers were thought of as incapable of participating in leisure.

  2. An Investigation Into The Performance Of A Basketball Player

    Pushes wrists through but doesn't really flick them out for power. Fingers spread around ball on either side. Thumbs point to ceiling. Arms push out, hands turn so that thumbs face the floor and back of hands face each other.

  1. phases of learning

    Like in gymnastics, if the performer is taught how to do the movement for too long, then it's more then likely that they will lose interest in the routine and if made to perform it, will not be of a high standard.

  2. fitts and posner

    All success or faults should be recognised at this stage or the learner will learn to do the skill incorrectly. This helps the performer to realise why failure occurred so they know what to avoid the next time they attempt it.

  1. Elite Performer 2

    has been very successful, because allows key players like Ryan to do hat they're good at. Set Pieces 9/10. Ryan has a great left foot which is useful with set pieces, in the game Ryan took all the right sided corners and free kicks so he could bend them in with his left foot.

  2. Describe 'Fitts and Posner's' phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices ...

    This is because a lot of actions are jerky and uncoordinated. Errors such as those of a badminton player who may miss hit the shuttlecock. A basketball player may dribble the ball but due to their stiff movements and uncoordinated actions they may run in to the ball or miss dribble.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work