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"Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these c

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Introduction

"Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness" Skill, ability and technique are very important components for a person to be able to be successful in any sport. Skill is the ability to choose and perform the right techniques at the correct time, this must be consistent and with minimum of effort. Sportsmen use their skills to achieve particular objectives in their sport e.g. scoring a goal in football. Ability is the make up of a sportsperson. A number of different aspects of your make up can be taken into consideration whilst talking about ability e.g. Height, Strength etc. We inherit our ability from our parents. Techniques are the basic movements that we make in any sport e.g. a block start in a 100m sprint. We can combine a number of different techniques to create a pattern of movement e.g. the triple jump. Skill, ability and technique are always closely linked. The book 'Edexcel'gives the equation: "Skill = Ability + Technique" The book also quotes: "In order to perform a particular skill in sport, we must learn the required technique. In order to learn the technique fully, we must have the necessary abilities" This quote once again shows us the close relationship between these three areas and supports the idea that these components are important to be in success in sport. ...read more.

Middle

Arnot and C. Gaines) Abilities are often seen as the building blocks in sport, without these basic building blocks or movement vocabulary, you will never be able to develop a skill fully. The specific examples of abilities in sport would be hand/eye co-ordination, flexibility speed etc. Without these abilities it would be impossible to learn skills such as a badminton smash without hand/eye co-ordination. There are different kinds of abilities; one of them is psychomotor ability. This is the ability to process information about how and when we move. For example, reaction time, a football player must react quickly to an oncoming player who changes direction. Another type of ability is gross motor ability. This is the ability for someone to be able to move using muscle movements; an example is being able to run. Another type of ability is perceptual; this is the ability to interpret information using sensory inputs an example is awareness of a rugby player of the positions and actions of opponents and his own team-mates. Technique is linked with skill and ability. For us to perform a skill in sport, we must learn the correct technique. But to learn the correct technique we must have the necessary abilities. A gymnast needs the natural ability, the main one is flexibility. ...read more.

Conclusion

Technique can be enhanced through teaching methods called pure-part, whole-part-whole and progressive part methods. These methods are suited to teaching technique. E.g. a badminton forehand smash- could be taught by breaking it down into the different sub-routines required for this technique using a pure - part method. This helps the learner understand the different stages of the skill. Skill can be taught but you have to build on abilities learnt from an early age. There are practises available to enhance the separate components of technique and ability. These include structured games, specific technique practises (i.e. passing), specific ability practises (i.e. catching a ball to improve hand eye co-ordination.) and pre-set pressure practises to improve the skill under pressure. Although some people may say that you can only improve ability by minor amounts I believe that ability can be castly improved. Abilities such as speed, flexibility and hand/eye co-ordination can all be enhanced. Speed can be enhanced by working on muscular strength in your legs etc. I also believe that technique does not have to be a certain way to produce the best end result for example the cricketer Muttiah Murallitharan, who is one of the greatest spin bowlers in the world has an irregular technique yet the skill he produces with his technique is world-class. The idea that skill = ability + technique is I feel the perfect way to describe how to be able to achieve a particular skill. ...read more.

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