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Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of a performance.

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Introduction

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of a performance For this crousework I have to idenifty the differces between skill, ability and technique to address this problem I will define term, give examples form sporting fields and will use continuums to display areas of skill. To help me answer this question 3 sports were chosen basketball, badminton and high jump. Skill: - is an athlete's ability to choose and perform the right techniques at the right time, successfully, regularly and with a minimum of effort. Athletes use their skill to achieve athletic objectives e.g. jumping a 1.50meter in high jump. Skill is acquired and therefore has to be learned. (Google.com internet search al et 2003) The types of skill listed below with examples of break down skill into 4 components, this along with the use of continuums further are unstinting of skill in various situations. Individual Racket Team Cognitive~ skill which involves mental powers* A darts player counting score Tennis strength of a shot Footballer stopping play if a players hurt Perceptual~ interpreting and making sense of stimulus * 110 meter hurdler judging how high to lift the leg Squash player predicting a shot Judging the distance of a pass Motor~ smoothly executing physical movements* Jogging in ...read more.

Middle

high jump. The flick serve is the only fine skill these involves small complicated movements and usually involves a high level of hand to eye coordination e.g. is the flick serve in badminton . This leads me to conclude that most sports will include a lot more gross movements than fine skilled movement. Discrete skills are brief and have a clear beginning and end. They are single, specific skills, which make up the actions involved in a variety of sports such as hitting and throwing. E.g. a flick in badminton. Serial Skills are a group of discrete skills strung together to make a new and complex movement. E.g. the take off in a high jump. Continuous skills have no obvious beginning or end. These skills could be stopped at any moment during the performance of the skill. E.g. dibbling in basketball. Ability is the building blocks of sport; it is seen as being innate. That is, you're born with it. (Advanced PE for Edexcel - F Galligan et al 2000) To be successful sprinter you inhered certain features i.e. somatotype and some abilities e.g. explosive strength, reaction time and rate of control. Some people have difficulty picking up sporting skills but can play an instrument to a very high standard and some people are the opposite but a few can do both very well. ...read more.

Conclusion

Preparation Execution Result High Jump 1. Counting steps for run-up 2. Imagine the run-up 3. Correct run-up "J" shape 4. Drive knee up 5. Arch back (correct posture) 6. Lift arms 7. Rotate body to land on shoulder 8. Hand and feet away from the mats 9. Pointing toward the way you came Basketball Free throw 1. Feet shoulder wide apart 2. Knees bent 3. Strong hand under ball and weak hand the side 4. Knees bent, push up 5. Bend arm and push forward 6. Hand should be facing target 7. Wrists cocked 8. Finish on tip toes Badminton Smash 1. Sideways facing net 2. Racquet back 3. Weight on back leg 4. Use other arm for guidance 5. Transfer weight 6. Hit shuttle just in front of face 7. Being racquet across body 8. Weight on the other foot There are varies types of practices, which can improve skill, these are: Variable and massed practices well work together. Variable is ideal for working on set pieces in a controlled environment E.g. the block in basketball, thus improving technique and skill . Distributed is learning with reasonably long intervals between separate occasions of learning E.g. weight training. Fixed and distributed practices also work well together. Fixed a specific is practiced repeatedly in a closed environment E.g. practicing on a driving range. Massed is learning no intervals or short intervals between successive bouts of learning e.g. circuit training. 1 ...read more.

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