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Discuss The Differences between Skill, Ability and Technique and Explain How you would structure practices to enhance these components of Fitness

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Introduction

Discuss The Differences between Skill, Ability and Technique and Explain How you would structure practices to enhance these components of Fitness Skill - "The learned ability to bring about a pre determined result with minimal outlay of time and energy" (Knapp) Ability - "A general capacity of an individual ability is inherited" (Advanced Edexcel Book) (Frank Galligan, 2000) How well a skill is performed is dependant over the level of ability an athlete possess. Technique -"The method used to perform a skill correctly" (English Dictionary) e.g. A seat jump in trampolining has different stages, which make up the skill. There are four different types of skill: Cognitive skill- this requires thought during skill e.g. snooker- the ability to work out how many points left on the table is a cognitive skill. Perceptual skill- where a performer has to adapt to the different situations in a sport, "interpreting what you see" (Edexcel Book, Frank Gallligan) e.g. football- a player will have to adapt to how hard or in which direction the ball is passed to him. Motor skill- is basically the muscular movement e.g. in rugby a player striking a conversion kick using muscles in the leg. Perceptual motor skill is a combination of both motor and perceptual skills e.g. ...read more.

Middle

Abilities are things like co-ordination, flexibility and speed. Techniques are the "the method used to perform a skill correctly" (English Dictionary) e.g. Techniques can be the different stages in a swimming style such as arm action and leg kick. Skill, Ability and Technique are linked together as this formula shows: "Skill= Ability + Technique" (Advanced Edexcel Book) (Frank Galligan, 2000). To be skilful at any sport an athlete would have to have ability and technique. Ability is essential to have the potential to do skill. A skilful performer would make the skill look easy and be consistently good at it. To carry out the skill successfully and effectively we must be able to understand the technique, which is the structure of the whole skill. In order to learn technique and do it we must also have the ability. E.g. a golf drive we must understand the basic technique of the stance and golf swing, we need abilities such as balance and flexibility to carry out the movement. This is how skill, ability and technique are different. These three components of fitness are different although linked together. The main differences are that skills and technique are learned but abilities are innate. The difference between technique and skill is that technique is the different stages that make up the skill. ...read more.

Conclusion

Individual skills e.g. archery, is a closed or discrete skill so no variety needs to be introduced. There are no environmental factors affecting the skill, therefore I would carry out a fixed massed practice, which would allow the skill to become second nature Abilities are largely inherited; however some abilities such as strength, flexibility, speed can slightly be enhanced by fixed practices E.g. simple weight training can enhance strength. A strict organisation of fixed practice can slightly improve abilities such as speed, strength. Technique can be enhanced through Teaching methods called pure-part, whole-part-whole and progressive part methods. These methods are suited to teaching technique. E.g. a badminton forehand smash- could be taught by breaking it down into the different sub-routines required for this technique using a pure - part method. This helps the learner understand the different stages of the skill. Breaking it down into the preparation, transition, execution and recovery (PTER). I would use these teaching styles and integrate them in practices. Conclusion: In order to perform a skill you must have knowledge of the technique to develop the skill. In order to follow the correct method (technique) you must have the necessary ability. Skill and technique can definitely be enhanced but by only using the correct teaching style and structuring the right practice by understanding the skills requirements. Some abilities can be enhanced but only minor amounts. ...read more.

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