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"Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness".

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Introduction

"Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness" Introduction In order to be a success at a particular sport, whether it's playing rugby for your school or playing football for Man Utd. you must have skill, ability and technique. Skill is the ability to choose and perform the right techniques at the correct time, regularly and with the minimum of effort in a specific movement in a sport. Sportsmen use their skills to achieve particular objectives in their sport e.g. scoring a try in rugby. Ability is the make up of a sportsman. A number of different aspects of your make up can be taken into consideration whilst talking about ability e.g. Height, Strength and co-ordination. We inherit our ability from our parents. Techniques are the basic movements that we make in any sport e.g. a block start in a 100m sprint. We can combine a number of different techniques to create a pattern of movement e.g. the triple jump. Meanings and Relationships Skill, ability and technique are always closely linked. The book 'Edexcel' puts forward the equation: "Skill = Ability + Technique." This shows us the close link. The book quotes, " In order to perform a particular skill in sport, we must learn the required technique. In order to learn the technique fully, we must have the necessary abilities." ...read more.

Middle

Nor does the coach, as he/she can't stop everything like in a drill. By using small practice games with goals and focus you give them the tools to be successful in the game. Benefits of use of Small Games High intensity, short duration allows ample time to talk to players during their recovery without feeling like sacrificing practice time. Coaches want players who are problem solvers, a situation that occurs repeatedly in games but not in a structured drill. Games played to conclusion with consequences will build confidence, which, among other things, will help build 'gamers' and transition great practice players to 'gamers', improving their overall ability. Put players in situations that they will find in games and help them solve them with guidance from the coach. Looking at the game, to determine the problems to solve, then create a game. Look for the games within the games: 1v1, 2v1, 3v2. Skills, critical thinking and the understanding of game concepts will translate effectively from small practice games to full ice competitive games. This practice technique was written for ice hockey, but I'm sure it could be used to develop a player's ability in most team sports. Improving Technique Bio-mechanical analysis * See appendix 3.0 on what bio-mechanical analysis achieves, and what sort of data can be retrieved. An example of the advantages gained by using bio-mechanical analysis. The development of technique for a sprinter getting out of his/her blocks quickly. ...read more.

Conclusion

e.g. running, swimming Interactive skills are those performed where other performers are directly involved. e.g. rugby, football, basketball, netball Appendix 2.0 Diagram of how skills are measured on continuums Skills have different characteristics; they rarely involve just one movement. To make teaching and learning skills as easy as possible we need to analyse them to see their different characteristics. We do this using continuums. Example: A tennis serve * The Tennis Serve can be analysed to reflect the nature of the skill * Once we have classified a skill we can decide how best to teach it, how to make practices relevant to the skill, how to make learning logical. * You need to know the definitions for each continuum * You need to be able to justify why you place a skill in a certain position. Reference p 84 Advanced PE & Sport Appendix 3.0 One way of performing bio-mechanical analysis is Peak Motus(r) it can be utilized in athletics to: * Determine range of motion for any joint to optimize performance and prevent injury. * Analyze the improvement of an athlete's technique before and after different training programs. * Enhance athletic performance and skills analysis using quantitative data and display. * Synchronize movement data with analog data from force platforms, EMG, etc. * Demonstrate/instruct the concepts of kinesiology/physical education using state-of-the-art high-tech equipment. * Calculate highly accurate and precise kinematic measurements of linear and angular displacements, velocities, and accelerations of the body for research or technique analysis. * Provide a research tool for undergraduate and/or graduate students in biomechanics, kinesiology, physical therapy and exercise science. ...read more.

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