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Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness.

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Introduction

Skill Acquisition task 1 Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness. There are many definitions of skill. Knapp 1963 said that skill is 'the learned ability to bring about pre-determined results with maximum outlay of time or energy or both'. Whereas the book 'Advanced PE for Edexcel' quotes that skill is 'a co-ordinated act, involving complex movements brought together in a consistent and smooth manner'. It is important to know that there is a difference between skill and ability, and how they link with technique. For a performance to be skilful a number of things are needed: * Consistency * Accuracy * Control * An intention * Fluidity These are the types of skills: * Intellectual (cognitive) ...read more.

Middle

The book 'Skill in Sport' quotes 'Skill is very important in sport, but if you want to be successful, amongst other things you definitely need basic ability and good technique' There is a very strong link between the three words. In order to perform a skill in sport you must learn the right technique, and in order to learn the technique fully, you must have the ability. Therefore; Skill = Ability + Technique All activities have a range of skills (skill repertoire) that require fundamental techniques to be mastered, and by relating technical development to the assessment of these skills, a clear common approach is maintained. There are a number of practices that may be used with each other to build up a profile of a particular skill. ...read more.

Conclusion

To structure practices to enhance your performance for ability is very difficult as ability is innate. However there are ways of improving hand/eye co-ordination by doing special eye exercises. These exercises are starting to be used more frequently in sports such as cricket to improve hand/eye co-ordination but they are not yet proven to work. Technique, according to most textbooks can be easily enhanced and improved. Your technique can be enhanced and improved by feedback from coaches telling you to change certain parts of your technique e.g. keeping your legs shoulder width apart while swinging in golf. This feedback can then be used to improve your technique and then you can go away and work on it in the next training sessions. ...read more.

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