• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness. The terms skill and ability have many differences and this links with a term commonly used in sport; technique. There are many different classifications of skill; it has been said that skill is, "The ability to perform a technique with consistency and control with minimum effort." (Galligan 2000). There are cognitive skills, perceptual skills, motor skills and perceptual motor skills. Each different skill will use different muscles and movements to carry out a certain task. Skills can be affected by the weather and surrounding environment, they can be classified as either open or closed skills. You can find examples of these skills in the appendix. Ability is closely linked with skill. In order to learn any skill in sport we must have the abilities required. They are innate; you are born with them or they are developed early in life; this is suggested by a quote from 'McAdedle 1994'; 'Without the basic building blocks or movement vocabulary we will never be able to develop skill fully.' ...read more.

Middle

"Technique is how you carry out your actions in a sport, if the correct technique is not taught then the performer will pick up bad habits, which then may affect their performance in the next game." (Barry 2000) Skills and abilities are needed in every sport but at different levels some sports need more than others. " Performers at the elite level must have been born with natural abilities and they develop the specific techniques for them to perform the skills at such a high level." (Galligan 2000). Reference Page Morton D et al (2000) Advanced physical education through diagram Roscoe D et al (2001) PE and sports studies advanced level student Beashel P et al (1996) Advanced studies in physical education McArdle WD et al (1994) Essentials of exercise physiology Davids B et al (2000) Physical education and the study of sport Sharpe B (1992) Acquiring skill in sport WORD COUNT 1130 Appendix List of skills: Cognitive skills are also known as intellectual skills because they involve thought and processes (Galligan 2000). ...read more.

Conclusion

It tests out what abilities we have. Distributed practice is usually to do with variable practice; the session is divided into sections. This practice is aimed at early learners with less experience and maybe a lower level of fitness. Each break allows time for rest, extrinsic feedback, changes and explanations. Most suited to dangerous skills or skills that cause considerable fatigue, for example weight lifting. Massed practice involves a continuous session with no breaks. It could improve stamina. It is normally used for experienced performers who have a higher level of fitness and is most suited to fixed practice. Skill is tested to fatigue and real life or conditioned games (www.practicesinsport.com), i.e. a circuit where performers move from one activity to another with no break. This could be shooting at a netball post for the whole of the time also, is suitable for simple skills, for example forehand drives. Different kinds of methods can also be used to enhance skills and techniques, 'Whole method is best used to improve a skill, as it involves fast ballistic movements that interact very closely, whereas to improve a technique part learning may be best as it can be broken up in to stages to gain a near perfect skill.' (Morton 2000). Tom Rushton-Large ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Components of Fitness for Netball.

    An example of choice reaction time is when we signal where we want the ball to be thrown too in order to receive the pass. In the above situations we have to react quickly, however when dealing with a choice reaction we have to decide where and how we are going to place the next pass and who to.

  2. Describe and explain the components of a balanced diet P6, M4

    cheese Turkey sandwich on toast and 1 apple Turkey and cheese sandwich Turkey sandwich Jacket potato with tuna baked beans and grated cheese snack Smoothie with 25g whey protein, 80g raspberries, 80g blueberries and 50g blackberries with water 140g grilled chicken and beetroot Smoothie with 25g

  1. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    I basically used all the methods of training but focusing mainly on continuous. I used the two principles of training progression and overload. I am trying to build up two things, my strength and my stamina. I think I did make the right decision in choosing to build up my

  2. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    This will mean I will be able to twist more quickly for the catch phase of my stroke and unwind with more power in the power phase of my stroke. I am now training with 16 kg (per arm) an improvement of 4 kg on the weight I was using

  1. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    204 Maximum Heart Rate Reserve = HR max - HR rest = 204 - 72 = 132 To calculate the heart rate training zone in this, you have to find the maximum heart rate first. This can be calculated by subtracting your resting heart rate from your maximum heart rate.

  2. Technique Sheet Activity - Swimming Front Crawl

    Again when comparing all three performers, swimmer A's ability in the area of rotation was far closer to swimmer B's performance as opposed to swimmer C's. D2 These are the main reasons to explain why subject A had many strengths with regards to their performance of the front crawl.

  1. The aim of this project is to improve my ability in basketball over a ...

    * I will now do my shuttle runs which I have been doing since week 2. Monday Tuesday Thursday Friday Saturday Attempt 1 48 52 57 59 63 Attempt 2 51 55 58 63 66 Attempt 3 53 56 61 65 69 * I am now going to the pool to do my two, half an hour swims.

  2. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    50 ------- Sit-Ups 4 25 ------- Pull-Ups 4 10 ------- Tricep Dips 4 10 ------- TUESDAY MATCH Lustleigh vs South Devon (Brockman Cup Final) Batting Stats Opposition South Devon Batting Position 8 Team Runs Scored 121 Individual Runs Scored 0 not out Balls Faced 2 Four's Scored 0 Six's Scored

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work