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Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness.

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Introduction

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness. The terms skill and ability have many differences and this links with a term commonly used in sport; technique. There are many different classifications of skill; it has been said that skill is, "The ability to perform a technique with consistency and control with minimum effort." (Galligan 2000). There are cognitive skills, perceptual skills, motor skills and perceptual motor skills. Each different skill will use different muscles and movements to carry out a certain task. Skills can be affected by the weather and surrounding environment, they can be classified as either open or closed skills. You can find examples of these skills in the appendix. Ability is closely linked with skill. In order to learn any skill in sport we must have the abilities required. They are innate; you are born with them or they are developed early in life; this is suggested by a quote from 'McAdedle 1994'; 'Without the basic building blocks or movement vocabulary we will never be able to develop skill fully.' ...read more.

Middle

"Technique is how you carry out your actions in a sport, if the correct technique is not taught then the performer will pick up bad habits, which then may affect their performance in the next game." (Barry 2000) Skills and abilities are needed in every sport but at different levels some sports need more than others. " Performers at the elite level must have been born with natural abilities and they develop the specific techniques for them to perform the skills at such a high level." (Galligan 2000). Reference Page Morton D et al (2000) Advanced physical education through diagram Roscoe D et al (2001) PE and sports studies advanced level student Beashel P et al (1996) Advanced studies in physical education McArdle WD et al (1994) Essentials of exercise physiology Davids B et al (2000) Physical education and the study of sport Sharpe B (1992) Acquiring skill in sport WORD COUNT 1130 Appendix List of skills: Cognitive skills are also known as intellectual skills because they involve thought and processes (Galligan 2000). ...read more.

Conclusion

It tests out what abilities we have. Distributed practice is usually to do with variable practice; the session is divided into sections. This practice is aimed at early learners with less experience and maybe a lower level of fitness. Each break allows time for rest, extrinsic feedback, changes and explanations. Most suited to dangerous skills or skills that cause considerable fatigue, for example weight lifting. Massed practice involves a continuous session with no breaks. It could improve stamina. It is normally used for experienced performers who have a higher level of fitness and is most suited to fixed practice. Skill is tested to fatigue and real life or conditioned games (www.practicesinsport.com), i.e. a circuit where performers move from one activity to another with no break. This could be shooting at a netball post for the whole of the time also, is suitable for simple skills, for example forehand drives. Different kinds of methods can also be used to enhance skills and techniques, 'Whole method is best used to improve a skill, as it involves fast ballistic movements that interact very closely, whereas to improve a technique part learning may be best as it can be broken up in to stages to gain a near perfect skill.' (Morton 2000). Tom Rushton-Large ...read more.

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