• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components. Skill, ability and technique are all individual components, which can be put together in order to perform a movement in a game situation. Skill has been defined as..."The learned ability to bring about predetermined results with maximum certainty, often with minimum outlay of time or energy or both." (Knapp, 1963) and "Excellence of performance-the successful integration of a hierarchy of abilities appropriate to a given task under given conditions" (GP Meredith, Information and skill) These definitions of skill convey the essential points concerned with skill. It says that a skill is something you learn to a point where it can be performed predictably, consistently and efficiently in a competitive situation. Ability can be split into two categories, motor abilities and perceptual abilities. Motor abilities have been defined as... "A personal characteristic, or trait, which contributes to proficiency in a number of skills" (Stallings, 1982) Perceptual abilities have been defined as... "the way in which we notice important things that are happening around us, and thus determine how quickly and effectively we make decisions...." ...read more.

Middle

Quite often during a coaching drill, the coach may alter aspects to enhance the practice. The coach does so through visual feedback. (Advanced PE for Edexcel). "Fundamental to the athletes long term development is the learning of sound technique. The coach directs such learning and works towards stability of technique through technical training. The classification of technique determines its course of development but, broadly speaking, coaching methodology is geared to various learning stages." (Sports Training Principals, Frank W. Dick, 2002) Both examples suggest that technique training requires stages of development. The sources suggest that the foundations must be laid before any advanced coaching of technique can take place. After studying each of these components in detail, practices could be structured to improve individual components and hence the overall quality of the skill. The study will examine practices from three types of sport team, racquet and individual. To develop a structured practice a skill classification continuum will be used. "Structuring the practice environment may require us to change the classification from one end of the continuum to the other in order to maximise skill development." (AD, HSFC, 2002) When structuring a racquet practice, studying the drop shot in badminton as an example, practical experience shows that more basic you can make the skill the easier it is to learn. ...read more.

Conclusion

Once the players become competent at such a game, the skill can be put into a full match. This is a pressure situation in the extreme open environment. At this stage the coach can evaluate the effectiveness of his coaching and determine if further aspects of the skill need work. In conclusion, this study has shown... 1. The less information given, the easier a skill is to learn. 2. A closed loop environment provides the best learning environment; it provides the foundations for fixed practice and repetition. 3. Feedback is essential to developing the basics of a skill. If the basic technique isn't correct then the skill is impossible to master 4. A coach should structure a practice in stages. Starting off with a solid foundation and then building on that. 5. A practice can be adjusted for improvement, it doesn't have to be set in stone 6. Developing a skill using the skill continuum is an effective way of structuring practice. 7. That whatever the type of sport and skill involved. The components of skills are similar and practices can be structured in very similar ways to develop the components of a skill. 8. Teaching styles can be adapted depending on the performer. A coach needs to evaluate the effectiveness of his/her methods. E.g. a more experienced performer can understand more complex feedback. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. A2 pe coursework

    * Jenny uses the full 3 seconds before passing ball, making her generally more balanced and ready to throw the ball with coordination and poise. This allows the team to keep their advantage of ball possession.

  2. Aquiring Skill

    Person orientated leader's link in with the style of democratic leading. Democratic leading involves taking advice from others and listening to other opinions. They would often go with the majority rather than taking control and dictating matters. An example of a good person orientated leader in football would be David Beckham.

  1. PEP The aspect of fitness I am going to develop is strength. This is ...

    So it could be argued that my level of fitness is not as good in the winter compared with the summer - maybe affecting the level I am able to train to. So it had to be considered when planning my training programme.

  2. Swimming - PE practical project.

    The beginners strengths at performing this skill/ movement- The swimmer had a strong kick, which was fairly fast. The beginners weaknesses at performing this skill/ movement- The swimmer legs were bent at the knee and were not kicking from the hip.

  1. Sports Development

    The sports development continuum, (see appendix A) is a basic structure that takes individuals from the foundation stage (grass roots) to the Excellence stage where there they may be competing nationally or internationally within there chosen sport. The foundation stage is about gaining interest from young children and helping them to discover and understand sport in a variety of ways.

  2. Describe and explain the components of a balanced diet P6, M4

    carbohydrates a day, carbohydrates are important in my diet because it will provide the muscle glycogen that fuels his workout. Protein which is required to grow new tissue in your body but over 180g of protein a day is useless.

  1. PPP Action plan 2003.

    colleges or at a gym where there is an atmosphere etc, rather like when I to boxercise classes. Overall I believe my action plan was a complete success it has brought on my game considerably, I believe it was so successful because I was specific, I had good facilities to

  2. Free essay

    Practical Sports Study (Individual) log Book for Badminton

    Here are some pointers for playing a forehand overhead clear. * Adopt the forehand grip. * Turn your body and stand sideways to the net with your non-racket shoulder facing the net. * Shift your weight on to your rear foot.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work