• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the Differences Between Skill, Ability and Technique andHow You Would Structure Practices To Enhance These Components of Fitness?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

DISCUSS THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SKILL, ABILITY AND TECHNIQUE AND HOW YOU WOULD STRUCTURE PRACTICES TO ENHANCE THESE COMPONENTS OF FITNESS? In order to successful at any sport, you must have skill, ability and technique. Skill is the ability to choose and perform the right techniques at the correct time, regularly and with the minimum of effort in a specific movement in a sport. " It is a co-ordinated act, involving complex movements brought together in a consistent and smooth manner ". (Galligan et al, 2000). Welford (1968) states " Skill is an organised co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation which involves a whole chain of censory, central & motor mechanism ". Professor GP Meredith claims that "Excellence of performance-the successful integration of a hierarchy of abilities (all the abilities we have) appropriate to a given task under given conditions ". Elite athletes use skill to achieve victory in their sport. For example scoring the winning or deciding goal in football. Ability is as E. Fleishman states, "Motor abilities are relatively enduring traits which are generally stable qualities or factors that help a person carry out a particular act". Arnot and C. Gaines both say, "Motor abilities are innate inherited traits that determine an individuals co-ordination, balance, ability and speed of reactions". Ability is also what you are born with; we inherit our ability from our parents, which means it is genetic. ...read more.

Middle

The skill can finally be a serial skill. These kinds of skills tend to be low organisation, 3 types of guidance can improve the skill: - 1. Pure-part learning 2. Whole-part-whole learning 3. Progressive-part learning An example of pure-part learning is the running smash in tennis. An example of whole-part-whole learning is gymnastics. An example of progressive-part learning is the triple jump. 2. The Other factor is the type of learner The learner could be an experienced, fit and motivated learner where they would need both positive and negative feedback and also intrinsic feedback. This type of learner would benefit the most form doing massed practice. This is because it involves a continuous session with no breaks, which the learner would be able to cope with as they are fit. The learner will work constantly, allowing the skills to be tested under fatigue conditions as in a game situation. This will allow this type of learner to act on intrinsic feedback to improve their performance. An example is a badminton circuit. The learner could be an inexperienced, unfit and demotivated learner where they would need positive and extrinsive feedback. This type of learner would benefit the most from doing distributed practice. This is because it involves the division of a practice session into sections. The overall session involves breaks between each section during which the activity may be changed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Whereas for a less experienced learner giving them mostly positive feedback will get morale high and make them stick at the sport combined with a little negative feedback as this will allow for areas to improve in but too much negative feedback may keep morale low and maybe even take it lower and they may even quit the sport as they may think that they are not good at it. Skill, ability and technique are always closely linked. The book ' Advanced PE ' puts forward the equation: "Skill = Ability + Technique." The difference between skill and ability is that a skill can be taught and changed and your ability is something that is inherited from your parents and cannot be taught. Technique is something, which you need to have to do a skill. It is often confused with skill. To perform a particular skill in any sport you will need to have a required technique. Discussion/Conclusion The idea that ability cannot be enhanced I believe is wrong. Speed, flexibility and hand/eye co-ordination can all be enhanced. Working on muscular strength in your legs can enhance speed and hand/eye co-ordination can be improved by special methods. The idea that technique has to be good to enhance certain skills I also think is wrong due to some athletes having irregular techniques, but still excel in there sport such as Michael Johnson, who was one of the greatest 400m runners in the world. Overall having good ability and having a technique that suits your body type develop skill. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Application of theory: Principles of Training: Specificity: every type of exercise has a particular effect on the body. The type of training we choose must be right for the type of improvement we want to see. For Netball, I will be mainly concentrating on Muscular Endurance and flexibility.

  2. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    of the procedure in which I still do well such as judging the bounce allowing me to be able to get some of the shots on to the table. State What Your Weakness Is; The Weakness of the forehand block is that I do not guide the ball over to

  1. Describing and Explaining the Components of Fitness. Fitness and fitness testing

    The multi-stage test will give the individual an estimation of their VO2 max which is measure of your aerobic fitness. This is a progressive test so it starts off easily and then it gets increasingly difficult. Its a field based test so the only equipment needed is 20m track (alternative

  2. A2 pe coursework

    She is quite restricted to short passes. * Jenny does not transfer her weight from back leg to front leg when she releases the ball, making it less likely for it to reach its destination because of lack of drive/force.

  1. Comparing and Contrasting Different Sport Components

    In tennis strength is needed within their upper body however this is different from judo and football as they do not require their strength to resist against bodily contact from their opponent they require strength within their arms to resist the strength of a shot.

  2. Discuss the differences between skill, technique and ability, and how practice makes perfect

    The performer can practice the skill in a more realistic and challenging environment, e.g. dribbling the ball from side to side, until the performer is confident and can take that into a game situation to practise it more openly, with factors such as the opponent, affecting them - Distributed practice - Usually associated with variable practices.

  1. PEP basketball

    Record the level and number of shuttles completed at that level by the athlete * At the end of the test the athletes conduct a warm down programme, including stretching exercises My Results - 15.3 HR- 160 Ratings (level) Males Females Rating >13 >11 Excellent 11-12 9-10 Good 9-10 7-8

  2. Classification of Skill

    GROSS 3 2 1 5 6 4 FINE Gross skills are those involving large muscle movements and fine skills are those involving more intricate movements using small muscle groups. EXTERNAL PACE INTERNAL PACE 5 6 3 4 1 2 Externally paced skills are those where the control over the rate

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work