• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the Differences Between Skill, Ability and Technique andHow You Would Structure Practices To Enhance These Components of Fitness?

Extracts from this document...


DISCUSS THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SKILL, ABILITY AND TECHNIQUE AND HOW YOU WOULD STRUCTURE PRACTICES TO ENHANCE THESE COMPONENTS OF FITNESS? In order to successful at any sport, you must have skill, ability and technique. Skill is the ability to choose and perform the right techniques at the correct time, regularly and with the minimum of effort in a specific movement in a sport. " It is a co-ordinated act, involving complex movements brought together in a consistent and smooth manner ". (Galligan et al, 2000). Welford (1968) states " Skill is an organised co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation which involves a whole chain of censory, central & motor mechanism ". Professor GP Meredith claims that "Excellence of performance-the successful integration of a hierarchy of abilities (all the abilities we have) appropriate to a given task under given conditions ". Elite athletes use skill to achieve victory in their sport. For example scoring the winning or deciding goal in football. Ability is as E. Fleishman states, "Motor abilities are relatively enduring traits which are generally stable qualities or factors that help a person carry out a particular act". Arnot and C. Gaines both say, "Motor abilities are innate inherited traits that determine an individuals co-ordination, balance, ability and speed of reactions". Ability is also what you are born with; we inherit our ability from our parents, which means it is genetic. ...read more.


The skill can finally be a serial skill. These kinds of skills tend to be low organisation, 3 types of guidance can improve the skill: - 1. Pure-part learning 2. Whole-part-whole learning 3. Progressive-part learning An example of pure-part learning is the running smash in tennis. An example of whole-part-whole learning is gymnastics. An example of progressive-part learning is the triple jump. 2. The Other factor is the type of learner The learner could be an experienced, fit and motivated learner where they would need both positive and negative feedback and also intrinsic feedback. This type of learner would benefit the most form doing massed practice. This is because it involves a continuous session with no breaks, which the learner would be able to cope with as they are fit. The learner will work constantly, allowing the skills to be tested under fatigue conditions as in a game situation. This will allow this type of learner to act on intrinsic feedback to improve their performance. An example is a badminton circuit. The learner could be an inexperienced, unfit and demotivated learner where they would need positive and extrinsive feedback. This type of learner would benefit the most from doing distributed practice. This is because it involves the division of a practice session into sections. The overall session involves breaks between each section during which the activity may be changed. ...read more.


Whereas for a less experienced learner giving them mostly positive feedback will get morale high and make them stick at the sport combined with a little negative feedback as this will allow for areas to improve in but too much negative feedback may keep morale low and maybe even take it lower and they may even quit the sport as they may think that they are not good at it. Skill, ability and technique are always closely linked. The book ' Advanced PE ' puts forward the equation: "Skill = Ability + Technique." The difference between skill and ability is that a skill can be taught and changed and your ability is something that is inherited from your parents and cannot be taught. Technique is something, which you need to have to do a skill. It is often confused with skill. To perform a particular skill in any sport you will need to have a required technique. Discussion/Conclusion The idea that ability cannot be enhanced I believe is wrong. Speed, flexibility and hand/eye co-ordination can all be enhanced. Working on muscular strength in your legs can enhance speed and hand/eye co-ordination can be improved by special methods. The idea that technique has to be good to enhance certain skills I also think is wrong due to some athletes having irregular techniques, but still excel in there sport such as Michael Johnson, who was one of the greatest 400m runners in the world. Overall having good ability and having a technique that suits your body type develop skill. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Over the 10 week's I will be focusing on training Muscular Endurance and Flexibility, at the end of the programme I am hoping that I will have been able to see that as I progress through the weeks, by using the right equipment to train the components and by using them in the right way.

  2. The aim of this project is to improve my ability in basketball over a ...

    * I continued with my shuttle runs. I will keep this exercise the same the same throughout the training programme so I can see exactly how I improve. (Picture) Monday Tuesday Thursday Saturday Attempt 1 41 39 43 42 Attempt 2 42 42 45 46 Attempt 3 44 44 47 52 * This week I am going to add swimming.

  1. Describing and Explaining the Components of Fitness. Fitness and fitness testing

    a flat non-slippery surface), NCF cassette tape or cd, Tape player or cd player, tape measure and marking cones. Procedure -Mark out length of 20 metres with cones -start the tape and the individual or individuals run when the first bleep sounds.

  2. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    lamp post repeat three further times o Walk for one minute Jog at 75% of MHR for five minutes Continuous Training According to 'Wesson Et AL' Continuous methods of training work on developing endurance and therefore stress the aerobic energy system.

  1. Gaelic football

    This will be my starting point to improve methods for these measurements are explained further on in the section. Overload is essential for improvement and variety is the key so tedium does not set in. each session is designed to work on fitness it is hard however to make a wide range of fitness drills.

  2. PEP basketball

    Using the linear relationship between heart rate and oxygen consumption the subjects one minute end test pulse reading can be used to predict a value for their Max VO2. My Results - 125 Ratings (level) (Test End Pulse Results in BPM)

  1. The role of feedback

    see how he does it to help create a mental image of keeping the ball close to his feet whilst running. Lastly manual feedback would be good as he could set out some cones and dribble around them and could use knowledge of performance to see how well he did, afterwards.

  2. coaching points and progressive practices

    Your feet should be placed to give you the most balance and power, which means your right foot, will be best placed in front of your body, and should be around shoulder width apart.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work