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Discuss the Differences Between Skill, Ability and Techniqueand How You Would Structure Practices To Enhance These Components of Fitness?

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Introduction

DISCUSS THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SKILL, ABILITY AND TECHNIQUE AND HOW YOU WOULD STRUCTURE PRACTICES TO ENHANCE THESE COMPONENTS OF FITNESS? To be a sportsman at any level, you must have skill, ability and technique. These components of fitness are essential in the development and production of any activity, varying from simple movements such as walking, to more complex activities such as the high jump or tennis serve. There are many definitions of skill, ability, and technique and they are often related and underpin each other. Skill can be defined as the ability to choose and perform the right techniques at the correct time, regularly and with the minimum of effort in a specific movement in a sport. "It is a co-ordinated act, involving complex movements brought together in a consistent and smooth manner". Whereas, Ability is the quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishment. "Motor abilities are innate inherited traits that determine an individual's co-ordination, balance, ability and speed of reactions". ...read more.

Middle

This is vital for open and interactive skills. 2) A specific movement is practiced repeatedly, often referred to as a drill. This type of practice is ideal for skills that are always performed in the same way, that do not require adapting to the environment. Closed, interactive and coactive skills tend to require drilled practice to allow the motor sequence to be perfected, since they will remain the same in practice, as they will in competition. Ability can be slightly enhanced in some areas. For example hand-eye co-ordination, flexibility, speed and power. These can be improved by specific practices such as co-ordinated exercises, stretching programmes and sprint training. However most are innate so they can't be enhanced to any significant degree. Technique can be enhanced by appropriate and correct guidance by pure-part learning, whole-part-whole learning and progressive-part learning. The guidance could be done visually, verbally or manually or combinations of the three. However this depends on the learner. This is because experienced learners will know where they should be e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

Skill, ability and technique are always closely linked. "Skill = Ability + Technique." The difference between skill and ability is that a skill can be taught and changed and your ability is something that is inherited from your parents and cannot be taught. Technique is something, which you need to have to do a skill. It is often confused with skill. To perform a particular skill in any sport you will need to have a required technique. The idea that ability cannot be enhanced is wrong. Speed, flexibility and hand/eye co-ordination can all be enhanced. Working on muscular strength in your legs can enhance speed and hand/eye co-ordination can be improved by special methods. The idea that technique has to be good to enhance certain skills is also wrong due to some athletes having irregular techniques, but still excel in there sport such as Michael Johnson, who was one of the greatest 400m runners in the world or Muttiah Murallitharan. ...read more.

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