• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the role of feedback for learning skills for individual, racket and team sports

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the role of feedback for learning skills for individual, racket and team sports Feedback is information given from the environment around you (for example, from teachers, yourself and other students) after you perform a task. In P.E., feedback is extremely important in order to improve performance. It is an "essential component in the learning process of successful skills." (www.teachpe.com) Mory (1992) said that, "The important role of feedback in improving student performance has long been recognised by educational researchers" (Mory, 1992, www.tedi.uq.edu.au). It links closely with guidance, which is the information given on how to perform the task before or during it. There are many forms of feedback, including extrinsic, intrinsic, positive, negative, terminal and concurrent. There is also knowledge of performance (KP), which is knowing how well you performed, and knowledge of results, which is knowledge about the outcome of an activity, and whether what you were trying to do was successful. Extrinsic and intrinsic are about who gives the feedback; extrinsic being from an outside performer such as a coach or teacher, and intrinsic being from the performer themselves. ...read more.


However, negative feedback could be very useful for beginners as it makes dramatic improvement to performance quickly, because they know what they need to work on. Negative feedback is particularly effective for an intermediate who has experience in the sport, but just needs to get better at particular techniques. There are certain things negative feedback must include for it to be effective, "negative feedback must include information on the action(s) required by the athlete to achieve the correct movement" (brianmac.co.uk 2008). Positive feedback is essential for beginners because they need to know how well they have done in performing a skill. It also encourages them to continue as it's something they are good at. "Athletes need to know if a movement is correct as this provides the reference point for future execution of the movement. Positive feedback is essential in motivating athletes" (Brianmac.co.uk 2008). By using specific feedback, you can also tell the learner what they did well, as well as being motivating, for example, "well done, that was a really good shot because you hit the ball with your laces". ...read more.


Another reason it's good for individual sports is because the learner needs to learn how to give himself or herself feedback, as they play the sport individually and need to learn how to evaluate themselves. Intrinsic feedback would not be suitable for team games, for example, in football nearly every situation is different, therefore it wouldn't be as easy to alter your technique for each individual movement. Intrinsic feedback can also be used if you record yourself performing a sport, and then analyse how well you did by replaying it and finding your weaknesses. In conclusion, feedback is essential for a player to progress in their skill. "Feedback is absolutely vital. It's very difficult to evaluate your own role without feedback." (Sharpe 1986) All types of feedback have their weaknesses and strengths. Some types of feedback are designed more for beginners, such as positive and extrinsic, whereas others are more appropriate for intermediates such as negative feedback. Others, such as concurrent, are usual for team games such as football, whereas intrinsic would be more appropriate for racquet sports such as tennis. The right type of feedback needs to be used so that the learner can progress as far as they can in their sport, and the feedback you use depends on the learner's ability, age and self-esteem. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    When we were on the field there was more bounce in our feet, we could leap further whilst we were running. Another advantage on the field was that, although there was a hill that you had to run up, you could run down the hill and when we ran down it, we were motivated to run faster.

  2. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    as although coaches can help you to improve nothing, helps you more than yourself. Formative Assessment - is an ongoing measurement during educational preparation, set out for the purpose of improving student learning within sport. This type of assessment evaluates critical thinking, decision-making, and problem-solving skills.

  1. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    Most people wish they had this problem. In order for the Ectomorph to gain weight, the muscles cells must be stimulated through weight-training. There must also be additional calories to their diet. Below I have given the triangle for different somata type (Sheldon's body type diagram) on it I have marked, which somata type my subject is.

  2. Gaelic football

    Promotional/grass roots schemes There are many grass root schemes currently involved in Gaelic football. Most of these are geared towards primary school children who are at the age where their interest in sport usually develops. These are facilitated by Cumman na Bunscoile, the primary schools GAA organisation.

  1. Evaluation of Performance-Strengths and Weaknesses.

    Weaknesses: multi limb co-ordination, speed endurance, dynamic strength, sprint start. Strengths: Explosive strength, power, static balance, reaction time, speed, dipping for the finish, accelerating, running technique, holding the speed. Action Planning The skill area that I am going to work on is the sprint start as the tests that I

  2. Critically Evaluate The Relationship Between Team Cohesion and Performance in Competitive Sport.

    Whereas team sports are referred to as interactive sports. Studies have been conducted on such groups, to see if differences exist to try and summarise a cohesion performance effect. (Kozub and Button, 2000; Grieve et al., 2000; Williams and Widmeyer, 1991). Kozub and Button (2000) studied both rugby and swimming teams and summarised that cohesion is more important for

  1. The role of feedback

    the learner what they are doing right to motivate them and what they are doing wrong to improve their technique and performance. The best way for the learner to improve their performance would be to watch a tape of themselves performing and discuss how to improve with their coach and go practice it manually.

  2. Practical team sports analysis - Football and Basketball

    Pace 2. Agility 3. Sprinting 4. Stamina 5. Headers 6. Power 7. Endurance 8. Jumping 9. Balance 10. One on ones Mental Skills 1. Intelligence (game understanding) 2. Vision (ability to see build-up play ahead to others or ability to see a pass or awareness of players around you)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work