• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A level P.E. Edexcel, unit 2: section A: acquiring skill. Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills. "Feedback is an Error Detection mechanism that arrives during and after a movement. It tells you about the overall effectiveness of the response" (www.longroad.ac.uk). The type of feedback given depends on the athlete's stage of learning, this will be discussed and related to dance, badminton and netball. Feedback used will depend on the performer and the skill being learnt. "Intrinsic feedback is information received from within the performer via proprioceptors, developing a kinaesthetic awareness" (www.geocities.com). E.g. when dancing, you have performed a move, your kinaesthetic senses in your muscles, joints etc tell you whether it was performed correctly or not. "Extrinsic feedback is information not inherent in the movement itself but which improves intrinsic feedback (augmented feedback). There are two main categories: Knowledge of performance (KP) - information about the technique and performance and can be provided verbally from the coach or visually via video. These enable the athlete to establish a kinaesthetic reference for the correct movement" (www.brianmac.demon.co.uk). E.g. when playing badminton, your coach telling you the correct way to disguise a drop shot. "Knowledge of results (KR) - information with regards to the result of the athlete's performance" (www.brianmac.demon.co.uk). ...read more.

Middle

In the associative phase intrinsic feedback, as well as extrinsic feedback, would be suitable. The learner should listen to their kinaesthetic senses to judge whether it was correct or not, as well as the input from the coach. Negative and positive feedback should be given but the coach should be careful not to de-motivate the learner when giving negative feedback. Concurrent and terminal feedback are both necessary, now the learner has some knowledge of performance, terminal feedback can be given. E.g. when playing a drop shot in badminton the coach gives a selection of positive and negative feedback such as that drop shot was executed at the correct time because your opponent was at the back of the court, but you could have disguised it by making your opponent think you were going to do another over head clear when at the last moment you actually do a drop shot, this will give your opponent less time to react to the stimuli. This feedback should be given during and after the game. The learners should also listen to intrinsic feedback from their own muscles and joints. In the autonomous phase intrinsic feedback is necessary and should be present because the learner will have a good knowledge of performance. ...read more.

Conclusion

Schemas are an essential part of learning. When a new skill is being learned, the new skill is assimilated and the structure of the schema is accommodated when further information is added. E.g. when learning a new dance you learn sections at a time, you assimilate the new information and start to make a schema, you add to it by assimilating the information and accommodating the schema. The schema can be further accommodated when feedback is given to improve the skill. In summary there are different types of feedback, the type of feedback used to aid learning depends upon many things. For examples: The type of activity, whether it is a team sport like netball where you have to react to the stimuli or an individual sport like dancing where it is internally paced. The phase of learning, affects the type of feedback given. How the feedback is given, visually or verbally. The personality of the individual, someone who needs encouragement so positive feedback would be best. How well the learner accommodates the schema, whether they adapt quickly or slowly. In conclusion, feedback is essential in the learning of skills because it helps the learner understand the correct way of doing the skill successfully so they can attempt it. Without feedback the skill would continue to be performed incorrectly, therefore feedback is necessary, the better the feedback the better the skill can be performed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Swimming - PE practical project.

    I should inhale quicker so I do not have to turn my head back as quickly to exhale. The beginners strengths at performing this skill/ movement- They were able to breathe to the side on every other stroke and their breathing was effective.

  2. A2 pe coursework

    reach the player she was passing to, making sure that the keep keeps their advantage with the ball. Weaknesses: * Jenny often uses the force in her arms to push the ball to wherever it needs to go. This is not always suitable, as it may need power from her legs and body to help push it further.

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    Batting Stats Opposition South Devon Batting Position 10 Team Runs Scored 112 Individual Runs Scored 2 Balls Faced 4 Four's Scored 0 Six's Scored 0 Strike Rate 50 Shots On Off-Side 3 Shots On Leg-Side 0 Shots In Air 1 Drop Catches 0 Drop Catches 0 Batting Graph Bowling Stats

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    As I did not change a large amount of my training session, I was able to complete it with ease. I still felt the weights were challenging my body, but felt I could do them a bit easier as I had use them over the weeks.

  1. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    Endomorphs tend to have a soft skinned body that is pear-shaped, meaning their hips are usually wider than their shoulders. They gain weight easily and tend to be curvier than the other body types, as well as having trouble losing weight.

  2. PPP- Netball

    County AENA Representative Harrogate and District- Kate Davies Tel: 01423 547285 Mkdavies@ntlworld.com York and District- Val Val.kennedy@btinternet.com Yorkshire (West) County AENA Representative Web: http://www.wizziwz.co.uk Mrs Suzanne Hewitt hewitson@yahoo.co.uk Phone: Malcolm Yorkshire (South) County AENA Representative Contact: Mrs Barbara Hadfield Phone: Sheffield (0114 557983)

  1. The role of feedback

    used with verbal guidance as it helps make the mental image clearer to show what you are describing. E.g. your coach telling you what to do. Guidance that you can feel, someone helping you during you practice, this can be either in support such as a gymnast on a vault,

  2. Define personality and how personality affects performance

    The athlete needs time to practise the skill in order to learn how it should be performed. 4. Motivational response: unless the athlete is motivated, he or she will not go through the first three stages of modelling. Motivation is dependent on the amount of reinforcement (e.g.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work