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Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills

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Introduction

Alex Baker Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills I have been given an assignment to discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills. Feedback is associated with guidance in order to learn and develop skills. Guidance is information related to the task ahead, feedback is information about what we have done. As with guidance, the most appropriate form of feedback depends on the learner and the activity being learnt. Whichever form is used it's important it is given or received as close to the performance as possible. In this assignment I will try to cover and discuss all the different types of feedback, the functions, feedback and the learning of skills, the stages of learning and what a coach has to cover when giving feedback. Types of Feedback is given as: Positive Should outline what was performed correctly, this is essential for learning to know what was correct and what to repeat. It should be told to the performer what preparation and technique was good and motivate them to participate further Negative Information about what was incorrect about a performance, but should also include how to improve or put right any errors in technique. ...read more.

Middle

And an Advanced performer requires much less augmented information feedback and should be more detailed and technical. Feedback as Punishment: This should only be used if all the other forms of feedback appear to be ineffective for example; demote a player to the bench for missing practice. There can also be many problems with feedback: * Performers can become dependant on feedback * When withdrawn, performance can deteriorate * The performer repeats the performance in order to receive feedback, once feedback is withdrawn there is no need to repeat the performance. * The coach should gradually fade out feedback in order to reduce the effects of feedback dependency. Feedback is can also help in the learning of new skills. To learn a new skill, it is essential to break it down into its basic parts. Improving each of those parts will then improve the whole skill. These parts of the skill can be practised out of context as well: a basketball player will do agility training by running short distances and quickly changing direction. This will improve his/her their to grab a rebound ball and move to a position where they can pass it to their teammates. For some skills, such as pole vaulting or high jumping, the skill can seem too complex. ...read more.

Conclusion

KP is required to develop fine motor movements KR is more useful as they can see an outcome Able to make use of Kinaesthetic feedback because by this stage the learner will be able to asses by the feel of the movement or weather the movement itself will be successful/skilful. Positive Reinforcement Information on gross motor errors (keep it simple) Negative reinforcement Information on fine motor movements. What a coach must consider when giving feedback? -It can be produced positively and negatively and the responses are dependent on: How well the coach can express it for example the quality/ relevance and how well the learner can use it. -It must be specific and refer to the correct model. -Feedback must be precise/correct -Positive feedback is more beneficial than negative feedback and it must be interesting and hold the learners' attention. -Feedback from a coach comes in two forms: knowledge of performance and results. -Extrinsic feedback can be used to support/correct intrinsic feedback. -It can either be either visual or verbal and it must be given in the correct amount- too much overloads a performer and too little may have the desired affect. -The information which feedback supplies must provide plans or goals which are within the performers ability. ...read more.

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