• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills'.

Extracts from this document...


'Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills' According to 'The A-Z of physical education' by James et al 2000, feedback is the information received by the individual or group either during or after completion of the performance. There are many different types of feedback. These are: Intrinsic (inherent) feedback - This comes from within the performer and is in response to the feel of how the skill was performed through the kinaesthetic sense. Extrinsic (augmented) feedback - This type of feedback comes from outside the performer and can be from the coach, teacher, teammates or spectators. Continuous feedback - This is received during the activity and can come from the performers themselves or the coach. Terminal feedback - This is received after the activity and can be given immediately by the coach or some time later, for example when analysing a video of the performance. Knowledge of performance - This type of feedback can be both intrinsic and extrinsic and is information about the technique and performance. For example, a coach will talk to the team after a match about how they played. ...read more.


Positive feedback is used to reinforce the performance if it was successful, encouraging repetition of the action. This type of feedback is essential if the performer is to learn, as they need to know what to repeat and therefore it is essential for beginners. It also helps to motivate the performers. For example, in dance, if the dancer performed a specific movement or step well, the teacher would make a positive comment, informing the dancer of the successful performance of that movement. This will help to motivate the dancer and encourage them to improve their performance further as they will realise that they are making progress with their dance and that further improvement is possible. Negative feedback is also important in the learning of skills. It is received if the performance was incorrect to discourage the performer from repeating the action. All negative feedback needs to include what was wrong with the performance and how to improve and correct the errors in the performance. Just telling the performer that the action is incorrect does not enable them to improve, as they need to be told how to improve it. ...read more.


Positive reinforcement is given to strengthen the performers technique and involves praise and encouragement. This helps to keep the performer motivated, enhancing their learning of skills. Feedback needs to be meaningful and relevant to the phase of learning. Beginners may need general feedback whereas more advanced performers may need more specific feedback. However, beginners sometimes need more specific feedback to enable them to develop their skill. For example, in badminton if you told an experienced player that their position was wrong, they would probably be able to correct the error immediately. However, if you said this to a beginner, they would probably need more specific feedback such as how to position their feet or the racket to enable them to correct their errors. In conclusion, although skills can be learnt without the use of feedback, it is generally accepted that feedback makes the learning process more efficient. This is because feedback gives the performers information on their performance, including positive comments as well as picking up on their errors and informing the performer on how they can improve, enabling them to develop their overall performance quicker than if they had not received any additional help. The quality of their skills can be effectively enhanced through feedback, particularly during the early phases of learning. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Analysing my performance in Badminton.

    a distance of 7 metres because this is roughly the size of half a badminton court; I will run at three-quarter pace. My programme will start quite easy with my rest periods long and the time I spend at each station low, the number of time I do each station is low too.

  2. PPP- Netball

    This competition is held for the age groups U14- U16 and U19's. National Junior Championships This competition caters for the youngsters and is open to all clubs under AENA. There are 5 heats held as a route to the finals later in the year.

  1. Skill Classification and Information Processing.

    Externally Paced-Self Paced: I chose to put this between the centre and Self Paced, as the tennis serve is mainly self-paced as you take your time and can stop and restart at any point during the process if you feel the need to.

  2. Motivation plays a key role in the learning of skills, because the performer has ...

    Learning bonds are strengthened through repetition and reinforcement. In a game of tennis if a player's opponent is hitting his serves at great speeds and the performer cannot find a response to these serves. The performer tries a few different positions, stances and ways to return the serve.

  1. PPP Action plan 2003.

    run to catch up with it, not bounce it directly in front of you so it bounces up behind you or prevents progress. Tactic Coach has leant me several videos and books on the tactics of basketball so I can rehearse visually in my mind and try to gain a better understanding of what I am trying to achieve.

  2. Analysing Performance - Badminton.

    I improved it by practising it over and over until I got the hang of it more. Some laws of Doubles: At the start of a game, and each time a side gains the right to serve, the service shall be delivered from the right service court.

  1. What role does feedback have in the learning of new skills?

    Distributed practice is also good for learners who lack fitness and experience. The same method for teaching a racket sport can be used for a team game like football. Learning can be complicated and hard going for a beginner. This is Welfords model of information processing: "A learner can not

  2. Discuss the role of Feedback in the learning of Skills.

    This means to break down the certain skill into sub-routines so the learner can identify visually in their heads what they have to do, e.g. demonstrating a stroke in tennis: BACKSWING-TWIST HIPS-FRONT FOOT FORWARD-STRIKE-FOLLOW THROUGH. This way is much easier to for beginners to pick up more complex skills this way.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work