• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills Introduction Feedback (FB) is the final part of the information processing system, which received during or following a movement, to notify the performer about the effectiveness of the response. In order to learn and develop skills, feedback and guidance are necessary. It also required knowledge of result and knowledge of performance. Knowledge of performance (KP) and Knowledge of results (KR) KR is the knowing what the result of our action have been, which is generally extrinsic and given verbally. We modify them to produce precise movement needed for the correct performance of a skill. For example, in the rugby game, a coach may say you pass the ball so wide, and he may add some additional extrinsic feedback to tell why your action is incorrect and how to improve it. This type of feedback is called 'knowledge of performance', which arises from the movement/ performer itself. After a game, a coach will tell to his team about the way they played. Type of the feedback Feedback gives information about the quality of a movement/performance. We should know each type of feedback has its effect on skill improvement and value related to learning stages: Intrinsic feedback Intrinsic feedback sometimes referred to as internal feedback. ...read more.

Middle

It motivated me to practice more. However, when I start to learn triple jump, I can't do it precisely in many time and then I give up easily. Associative stage This stage is the motor phase of learning, according to the information gathered during cognitive stage. Feedback occurs to understand what they are performance correctly and what elements need to be changed, so verbal feedback is essential on the stage. Learner cannot fully interpret feedback arising intrinsically, so they still have to depend on extrinsic feedback. Negative feedback sometimes is available as it can detect which part of the movement/ task they do wrong and then correct it to motivate them become the higher stage. For example, when I played badminton in this phase, my teacher told me more skill. Afterward, my performance had improved but not yet automatic. Autonomous stage Learner can interpret feedback arising intrinsically. By this stage the learner will be able to assess by the feel of the movement whether the movement itself will be skilful, so the learner is more able to make use of KP, internal and kinaesthetic feedback. Negative is recommended in this stage, especially uses in the tactic. Therefore performer may usually need more specific information. For example, the professional club would train them with different tactics such as 3-5-2, 4-4-2 etc. ...read more.

Conclusion

So it is important the feedback is given as funny as the coach can. However, if the KR is given too much, the performer cannot absorb the information and put it into action. The performer will forget what happens easily as well if the feedback delays too long. For example, when the table-tennis game finish, the teacher will discuss what I was performing. I assimilated quickly since he didn't give so much feedback to me. And next time I perform better. Feedback can be also used as incentive if the coach sets the target to the performer well. The goal may not be neither so easy nor too hard to achieve. When the performer arrive the target with his great effort again and again, it motivates them more essentially. Conclusion In conclusion, feedback is a source of information which tells the performer the outcome of their movement. It can act in different ways and have different effects on people. Feedback can produce positive or negative responses dependent on how well the coach can express and how well the learner can use it. Feedback must be interesting to hold the learner attention and it should be given in correct amount, otherwise, it may not have the desired effect. It has also known that targeting setting with feedback is excellent in the learning process. Feedback would be well-used thoroughly if the coach give it correctly and the performer can analyze them effectively. 1285 words 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    not good, because to stay at the table you give the opponent less chance to react to the shot in which you play therefore meaning its hard for them to play consecutive good quality shots. Moving back therefore means that I will automatically struggle to get to a shot close

  2. Motivation plays a key role in the learning of skills, because the performer has ...

    Three well known researches of the cognitive theory are Robert Gagné, Jerome Bruner and David Ausubel. These three all have their own theories on cognitive learning with Robert Gagné's theory being one of the most popular being taught in schools.

  1. Analysis of My performance In Rugby

    I will do this by increasing the weights which I lift/press and also the distance which I run. * On a morning which I decide to go for a run I will increase the distance which I run by half a mile after each week this means that by the

  2. A2 pe coursework

    She runs towards the opponent, which is a longer distance than it would be to go towards the ball directly. It also makes it an uncontested ball, so that the umpires cannot say that she contacted any other players to get the ball.

  1. Analysis of an alite performer

    Without a strong psychological mind players can crack and it can affect their performance dramatically. http://soccerlens.com/chelsea Motivation is a big part of the game, although some athletes can motivate themselves others need help from team mates and coaching staff. With strong motivation it can encourage athletes to reach the top of their potential by believing in themselves.

  2. Elite Performer 2

    During the game without communicating Ryan new exactly what his fellow team mate was going to do and delivered the ball exactly where he wanted it to which led to a goal. The only downside then to Ryan's communication would be how loud he shouts and gives information, however as

  1. PPP Action plan 2003.

    into open space all the time as it appears throughout the duration of the game. Realistically: Realistically I want to eliminate all turn overs as possible and to always be an option to my comrades whilst playing, I want to receive or be available every single offence.

  2. Elite Performer 3

    assessment * Swimming Stop watch, heart rate monitor, peak flow test Heart rate monitor 10.00-15.00 17.00-18.00 24 - * Crossing + set pieces * Resistance training - Weight machines, Dyna band 10.00-12.00 14.00-16.00 25 - * Aerobic/cardiovascular * Match analysis Treadmill, heart rate monitor Video analysis 10.00-12.00 15.00-18.00 26 -

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work