• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Discuss the role of feedback in the teaching of skills"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Discuss the role of feedback in the teaching of skills" " When I saw the finish line I felt excited, even more when I saw the time. I knew the world record was only a few strides away so I began to pump every last bit of effort I had left." (Paula Radcliffe-The Times) Feedback is the information that tells us about movements we made. (Applying Psychology to sport, Barbara Woods 1998) Towards the end of World War 2 a scientist, Norbert Wiener was developing the concepts of feedback-loop control systems. In every feedback-loop, as the name suggests, information about the result of an action is sent back to the input of the system. Feedback is split into two major categories: * Intrinsic * Extrinsic Intrinsic feedback This type of feedback is the 'sensory information that arises a natural consequence of producing a movement'. It can be sensed from organs in the muscles and the joints called proprioceptors and paramount in learning a skill. They send the brain all sorts of information on joint and muscle angles. ...read more.

Middle

For example, a sprinters action. Knowledge of Results (KR) The information consisting of the end results to determine whether an action is performed well. However, there can always be room for improvements, e.g. sprinters time at 100m. Types of feedback: * Concurrent: This is an ongoing source of instructions directed at the athlete whilst they are performing. It encourages the performer to change their technique whilst practising. This way the athlete can begin to feel the correct action and become more comfortable with it. * Terminal: This occurs after the action or performance, to allow the athlete what was right, wrong and improvements pointed out. * Delayed: Excellent after a strenuous match. This is giving the athlete time to think about their performance, feedback is given in time-"delayed". * Positive: Praising the athlete for their actions, hopefully repeating it in the future. * Negative: giving this type of feedback informs the athlete they are doing something wrong, following it should be constructive criticism for improvement to follow. ...read more.

Conclusion

yopur free leg, bend it and almost kicked as far back in the air to give you length" -Triple jump Visual "From the video I can see that the defence aren't working as a unit. The keeper has to be aware of this and tell the back four."-Football "Watch how I step into the shot and at the last split second flick my wrist,"- Badminton "Can you see how your arm doesn't follow all the way through?"-Javelin Delayed A day after a strenuous competition the team was taken through their mistakes.-Hockey "Well done today, get your things together and we will discuss it on Monday." -Squash "Go away and think about what you did wrong. We will talk about it next session." Positive "Fantastic! The centre passed it to the wing attack, and swivelled to the shooter, who scored!"-Netball centre pass. "Your doing great. Yes, a little higher....perfect"-Squash drive "Because you lifted your arms up did you see how you travelled further and higher?"-Long Jump. Negative "The ball wasn't passed via the bowler, that's why you went wrong!"-Rounders "Your volleying dramatically needs improving..that was awful." " ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Gaelic football

    but a short-run-up of few paces or so, coupled with a firm launch off from the performer's strong foot will enable them to lift themselves higher off the ground compared to if they jumped statically. The need ot be out in front of his man - There is a higher

  2. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    Weaknesses o The player was not always consistent at fixing her eyes on the tape or the receiving players front service line, resulting in a few points being lost through bad direction of the shuttlecock. o The players arm did not seem to be relaxed at all times throughout the game which resulted in a few miss hits.

  1. PPP- Netball

    The squad then recruits additional players which often come from these main sources: 1. Former International players 2. Players from England U19 and U17 3. Talented County Players Each team will host a round of the competition with each team playing on a round robin basis.

  2. The role of feedback

    This will also help them to develop through the learning phases, so it almost a full circle of each helping the other to progress. I have just used some of the types of feedback and now I will define of all them and give an example from either a team, individual and racquet activities.

  1. Techniques, Rules and Tactics of Football

    When taking throw-in players usually make three typical mistakes: 1. Lifting a foot off the ground before the ball has left your hands (this is why it is important to drag the toe of the rear foot) 2. Using one hand too much, therefore producing a spin (the linesman can call this if it is obvious)

  2. PPP Action plan 2003.

    I will be trying to increase the resistance as I advance through the programme, I will be completing 2 sets of 6-8 reps unless stated otherwise for each exercise. Muscle groups trained Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun Resulting training frequency Chest Shoulders Triceps Lower body Back Trapezius Biceps

  1. "Discuss the role of feedback in teaching and learning of physical skills".

    Sometimes it is useful for the learner to visually see what they are doing wrong and how to correct it. It is important that the learner can interpret the feedback and judge it against a reference or model. There are a number of different forms of feedback and each can have different effects on the learner.

  2. Conditions for Change

    The players need to make an effort during the off-season to improve themselves. The Feel Method The "feel method" of learning refers to teaching the mind how to repeat a physical action. A relationship between the mental desired action and the physical feeling of the action must be formed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work