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Enhancing Performance.

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Introduction

Enhancing Performance The Beautiful Game, as it is known across the world, was first organised in England in the 1800s. It grew from its humble origins on the playing fields of English schools to becoming a global phenomenon! Have you guessed yet? Of course, I am talking about football. Throughout the 1800's the rules of the game gradually emerged, the influence of public schools increased both participation and passion for the game. As the game became more and more popular with both schoolboys and factory workers clubs began to form. During the industrial revolution roads and railways were built, which in turn helped to spread the game of football and in time not just nationally but overseas too. The international governing body for football is 'The F�d�ration Internationale de Football Association', mostly recognised as FIFA. Under FIFA are 204 national organisations, many grouped together to form organisations such as UEFA. FIFA is committed by its statutes not only to the positive promotion of football through development programmes, but also to supervising international competitions and to safeguarding the sport and its good image against abuse of its rules and regulations. And FIFA sees to it that the game is played to one unified set of rules, the Laws of the Game, all over the world. One of UEFA's responsibilities as a confederation of world football's governing body FIFA is to organise and stage European competitions for clubs and national teams. ...read more.

Middle

Here in Preston young boys who have this talent are scouted by Preston North End School of Excellence who enhance their overall 'footballing' ability to maybe become future stars. These clubs are funded by the income of the actual Preston North End Football Club (PNE FC) team, they aim to develop young boys to become professional players, hopefully for the actual PNE FC team. Those females who show a talent and interest in football gain support in ways of scholarships from colleges or schools. Women's teams are becoming more popular due to the vast participation that colleges have to respond to by putting together football academies. Young children have the chance to take part in 'mini soccer'. In Preston this is held weekly at Preston North End FC's astroturf pitch. Small-sided competitions are held to encourage young players to have a taste of competitiveness at a young age and to socialise. Quoted by Sir Alex Ferguson himself; "Playing in a small area with an adequate number of players does them far more good than practising on a full sided pitch. Their skill level will dramatically improve." Those players who aren't spotted at an early age tend to progress by stages, from local clubs and sometimes through to a national level. The stages in between are shown below; Not all players follow these stages step by step, because not all players make it professionally or make it to national teams, all depending on their determination/ ability. ...read more.

Conclusion

The disabled work is funded by a donation of �81,000 from the Football Foundation and a further �15,000 from Premiership sponsors, Barclaycard. All this only began recently in 2002. It seems the courses run are doing very well and hopefully soon they will be taking place in Preston. However, I know of people with disabilities and do take part in many sports in Preston. Many youth clubs are set up in local leisure centres and school halls, by Preston City Council to let those with disabilities to take part in sports without feeling intimidated or less able than those who are. Due to the recent organisation in the South there hasn't been any professional disabled footballers but maybe in the future there will. As you have probably observed by now this assignment is almost based on the comparison between mens football and womens football within the Preston area. Although exactly the same game they are a world apart, the simple difference being the sex of the players. After much research it seems not just Preston but other cities and towns are lacking something too when it comes to womens football. This has been recognised by a newly formed organisation 'Active Sports'. It aims to develop ten sports within a five year period, girl's football being the latest to join the list. They quote; "Active Sports will enhance the development work of the FA and enable good practice to become standard practice across all Partnership Areas, for girls and young women aged 10-16." ...read more.

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