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Explain briefly the nature of sociology and history as disciplines. Choose one theoretical perspective and suggest how it might further our understanding of sport as a social phenomenon.

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Introduction

Sport, History and Society Explain briefly the nature of sociology and history as disciplines. Choose one theoretical perspective and suggest how it might further our understanding of sport as a social phenomenon. - Essay plan. Introduction In this essay I shall define and explain the two chosen disciplines, History and Sociology. The theoretical perspective I have chosen to discuss in relation to sport is race and ethnicity. I shall try and illustrate how throughout history different races, mainly black in this case, have been perceived in society and treated within the sporting world. It will then be brought together in the conclusion, explaining how racial issues or conflicts throughout history have contributed to sport being a social phenomenon. And finally, how black men and women have progressed through the restrictions, which were placed upon them. What is Sociology? * Sociology is often described as common sense. * It could also be defined as looking at common sense historically - common sense often gets out-dated and then becomes known as a myth. * Sociology is often opposed to wide spread prejudices because : * It seeks to explain human behaviour. ...read more.

Middle

* It was used to mean people with an identifiable culture or destiny for example the Saxons and Celts. * Considered to be a biological category. * A racial group would be people who originate from the same country. * Racial groups share values, traditions and interests therefore having a common identity. Sport and the Idea of Racial Superiority * Europeans who were exploring and colonising the world tried to explain why people didn't look or behave the same. * Anyone who differed where seen upon as strange. * Due to this, 'whiteness' became the standard against which everything was compared and evaluated to. * White Europeans and North Americans developed racial theories, which concluded that black people were uncivilised and animal-like. * These theories led people to believe that they were intellectually superior beings and therefore deserved to be in positions of power and control. * This was convenient at the time for white people, who were colonial leaders. * This race ideology has been continuously changing over the years to fit new circumstances, explain contradictions and to justify new form of racial discrimination. ...read more.

Conclusion

* It has got to the point where white people do not think of themselves in racial terms. * They can almost be perceived as colourless. * Racial ideologies have become so deeply rooted in society, which in turn affects sports. * Changing people's beliefs and opinions is extremely hard. * Racial superiority has come a long way from the beginning, but still has far to travel. * Racism will never disappear, it is something that is swept under the rug so it can be forgotten about, but it still carries on to this day. * Race has been a major factor in sport and has a been major factor within society making it a social phenomenon. * Although black people have faced many struggles in the battle to rise and be 'the best', many have come through to be some of the best sporting athletes the world has seen and who are remembered and praised for their abilities and achievements. Give examples. * Negative views of racial superiority still exist today in societies and will continually affect the way we live, think and play sport. ...read more.

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