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Explain how open and closed control of motor skills works in relation to individual, racket and team activities.

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Introduction

Explain How Open and Closed Control of Motor Skills Works in Relation to Individual, Racket and Team Activities Skill is the "learned ability to bring about a pre-determined result with maximum certainty and efficiency" (Knapp, 1967). There are many characteristics that are needed to be 'skilled' in a certain discipline or in a whole performance. For example, when juggling you need to have consistency and accuracy when throwing and catching the balls, in turn, this must be done with fluidity, control and intention. Open and closed skills (as mentioned in the above) are very different to each other. Open skills are directly affected by the whole sporting environment; closed skills are those that have no outside physical influences upon them. They are the same each time they are performed. The three sports I'm going to look at are Football, Badminton and Golf but I will also be trying to incorporate other sports in as well. Open skills: sports such as Netball, Football, and Hockey usually involve open skills. This is because the environment is constantly changing and so movements have to be continually adapted. ...read more.

Middle

For example, foot ball and badminton are all about perceptual motor skills whereas golf can be a mixture of cognitive and perceptual skills. A sporting example would be in golf when your selecting your type of shot, first you judge the distance from the pin (cognitive), then you select your club by interpreting how to play the shot (perceptual). All these sports rely on the motor skills aspect for obvious reasons, motor skills involve movement and the muscular system e.g. playing football involves high level of motor skills whereas playing golf requires a lot less. The motor skills are also different in small ways, most of the movements in the chosen sports are gross motor movements, though there are exceptions like a putt in golf or a drop serve in badminton. When considering the title question, you must think about how the styles of teaching and the methods of practice effect the way in which we perform these skills in a competitive game. They should be taught in different ways for example age groups should be different and experience levels. Open sports, in general, would benefit most from being taught by the guided discovery/problem solving methods as this would enable learners ...read more.

Conclusion

Associative is intermediate, during this they will practice the skill by the information gathered during the cognitive stage and it is essential they gain feedback in order to understand if they're performing correctly. Autonomous stage is when the 'learner' performs the tasks with little or no conscious thought. This s This is when the are seen as being highly 'skilled' in their chosen sport and can control their actions in both open and closed aspects of the sport. In my opinion both open and closed control of motor skills to individual, racket and team activities is without a doubt down to our own perception of events when placed in a sporting situation. You have to make split decisions and often reflect upon your performance after the game and wish you had done things differently. Like I could of used my strength more, or used your pace to beat an opponent, or taken longer to judge the distance from the pin. This all stems from how we are initially taught and then practise according to feedback and how well we can take criticism of our sporting actions. These are all open and closed control of motor skills working in relation to sport. Word Count: 1200 ...read more.

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