• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how open and closed control of motor skills works in relation to individual, racket and team activities.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain How Open and Closed Control of Motor Skills Works in Relation to Individual, Racket and Team Activities Skill is the "learned ability to bring about a pre-determined result with maximum certainty and efficiency" (Knapp, 1967). There are many characteristics that are needed to be 'skilled' in a certain discipline or in a whole performance. For example, when juggling you need to have consistency and accuracy when throwing and catching the balls, in turn, this must be done with fluidity, control and intention. Open and closed skills (as mentioned in the above) are very different to each other. Open skills are directly affected by the whole sporting environment; closed skills are those that have no outside physical influences upon them. They are the same each time they are performed. The three sports I'm going to look at are Football, Badminton and Golf but I will also be trying to incorporate other sports in as well. Open skills: sports such as Netball, Football, and Hockey usually involve open skills. This is because the environment is constantly changing and so movements have to be continually adapted. ...read more.

Middle

For example, foot ball and badminton are all about perceptual motor skills whereas golf can be a mixture of cognitive and perceptual skills. A sporting example would be in golf when your selecting your type of shot, first you judge the distance from the pin (cognitive), then you select your club by interpreting how to play the shot (perceptual). All these sports rely on the motor skills aspect for obvious reasons, motor skills involve movement and the muscular system e.g. playing football involves high level of motor skills whereas playing golf requires a lot less. The motor skills are also different in small ways, most of the movements in the chosen sports are gross motor movements, though there are exceptions like a putt in golf or a drop serve in badminton. When considering the title question, you must think about how the styles of teaching and the methods of practice effect the way in which we perform these skills in a competitive game. They should be taught in different ways for example age groups should be different and experience levels. Open sports, in general, would benefit most from being taught by the guided discovery/problem solving methods as this would enable learners ...read more.

Conclusion

Associative is intermediate, during this they will practice the skill by the information gathered during the cognitive stage and it is essential they gain feedback in order to understand if they're performing correctly. Autonomous stage is when the 'learner' performs the tasks with little or no conscious thought. This s This is when the are seen as being highly 'skilled' in their chosen sport and can control their actions in both open and closed aspects of the sport. In my opinion both open and closed control of motor skills to individual, racket and team activities is without a doubt down to our own perception of events when placed in a sporting situation. You have to make split decisions and often reflect upon your performance after the game and wish you had done things differently. Like I could of used my strength more, or used your pace to beat an opponent, or taken longer to judge the distance from the pin. This all stems from how we are initially taught and then practise according to feedback and how well we can take criticism of our sporting actions. These are all open and closed control of motor skills working in relation to sport. Word Count: 1200 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Techniques, Rules and Tactics of Football

    appointed, his role and duties must be in accordance with the guidelines approved by the International F.A. Board, which are contained in this publication. * Decision 3 Facts connected with play shall include whether a goal is scored or not and the result of the match.

  2. AS Sport Studies Written Project: Football Skills

    ball and while another player came to tackle him he shielded the ball using his boy weight. Weakness * One weakness which led the performer losing the ball frequently was that he never kept eye on the ball by moving his head down in intervals and knowing the position of

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    This area of weakness is probably down to having a year of cricket without coaching. I have also noticed that I hit a lot of my shots in the air, which against a team who are good in the field will prove costly.

  2. Analysing my performance in Badminton.

    ~As you are about to execute the shot slow your racket head speed and try to drop the shuttle just over the net. ~Push action using a flat or glancing face. ~Follow through with the racket and shoulders to recover racket in front of body.

  1. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    Soloing * The player should ensure that the ball is dropped on the correct part of the foot to ensure that a proper solo is carried out so that the opposing players don't gain possession. * The player should be able to run at speed whilst soloing the ball, they should ensure that the ball is kept under control.

  2. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    Theoretically, the following physiological changes, which take place during warm-up, should enhance performance: Increased Muscle Temperature. The temperature increases within muscles that are used during a warm-up routine. A warmed muscle both contracts more forcefully and relaxes more quickly. Therefore, both speed and strength should be enhanced and, thus, the

  1. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    Also as I have to hit it up to get it above the net therefore means I cannot get any pace on the ball, as if there was pace on the ball it would make it harder for the opponent to return it as there will be less time for

  2. Practical team sports analysis - Football and Basketball

    Such a throw followed by a quickly taken 'switch' pass could be an effective tactic. Under pressure, however, the ball is often thrown up the line to gain as much ground as possible. 2. If the thrower is unmarked a simple tactic is to take a short throw to the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work