• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how open and closed control of motor skills works in relation to individual, racket, and team activities.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A level P.E. Edexcel, unit 2: section A: acquiring skill. Explain how open and closed control of motor skills works in relation to individual, racket, and team activities. 'Skill is a learnt ability to bring about pre-determined results with maximum certainty, often with the maximum outlay of time or energy or both.' (Knapp) A number of key qualities are needed in order for a performance to be skilful, they are consistency, accuracy, control, an intention and fluidity. There are different types of skill, they are open skills and closed skills. Open skills are those which are directly influenced by the environment in which they are performed. They are skills which require adaptation each time they are performed e.g. netball and badminton. Closed skills are those that have an outside physical influence acting upon them. They are the same each time they are preformed e.g. sports like dancing. (Advanced PE for Edexcel) The sports I am going to relate this essay to are dancing for individual, badminton for racket and netball for a team activity. (146) There is an open/closed continuum, it is concerned with the effects of the environment on skill. Sports such as Netball and badminton usually involve open skills. ...read more.

Middle

do a new shot or the correct way to do a shot in badminton, it would also be good to teach a group of people the correct way to pass the ball or how to do a specific skill correct in netball. This would be good for open and closed skills. Reciprocal teaching is when the pupils work in pairs, one is the 'doer' and the other is the 'observer' the teacher gives instructions and hands over the contact with the learner to the fellow pupils, the teacher helps the observer to help the doer. This would be a good style of teaching to improve the movements and style in dancing, make shots more consistent and accurate in badminton, to make passes more accurate and to improve footwork in netball. This would be good for closed skills. There is a problem solving style, this is where the teacher focuses on how - to learn, a task is set which the pupils have to solve in there own way. (Physical education and the study of sport) Individual skills are those performed in isolation. These are skills where we are the only performer at the particular time e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

The performer will work constantly allowing the skill to be tested under fatigue conditions as in a game situation. This would be good in practicing dance because you can be dancing for long periods of time so stamina is essential. In badminton and netball, games can be long and physical, so it is important to get used to playing under fatigue conditions. (Advanced PE for Edexcel) In summery I think that dance is a mainly closed skill because it is a coactive/individual skill and not often affected by the environment, badminton is in the middle of the open/closed continuum because it is affected by the opponent(s) but not by the weather and netball is a mainly open skill because it is affected by opponents and possibly the weather but it is a non-contact game. Taking in account that not all individual, racket and team activities have the same rating on the open/closed continuum or the same level of motor skill. Badminton, dance and netball are all motor skills and perceptual motor skills. It would suit most teaching styles and types of practice depending on what you want to achieve, e.g. if you are a young beginner or professional. In final conclusion I think that you cannot group activities as individual, racket and team activities when relation it to open/closed control of motor skills because there is too much variation in the groups. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Components of Fitness for Netball.

    Good coordination is very essential for skilful netball players. There are lots of examples of coordination in netball, They are: Footwork, Interceptions, Dodging, Passing, Marking, and "toss-ups". Coordination naturally improves with practise. A test for coordination is the juggling test; you start off juggling with two balls and progress to three.

  2. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    Another problem was that I did not collect enough data. Without the data I have found it hard to show if my fitness level has increased or decreased. I cannot use any forms of graphs because I have irrelevant information.

  1. Free essay

    Practical Sports Study (Individual) log Book for Badminton

    names and where they are from, who is serving first, who scored and where they should be standing before they start serving and they can overall the other judges decision if necessary. Throughout the session justify your selection and used of skills and techniques (M1)

  2. A2 pe coursework

    reach the player she was passing to, making sure that the keep keeps their advantage with the ball. Weaknesses: * Jenny often uses the force in her arms to push the ball to wherever it needs to go. This is not always suitable, as it may need power from her legs and body to help push it further.

  1. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    long; as it could get caught in the machine and cause an accident. You have to do a general check of al the machines before using them to avoid any chance of an accident. Make sure there are no obstructions in the immediate training area that will interfere with the movement of the body.

  2. PPP- Netball

    responsible for implementing policy through their chair person from each of the committees. Chairman, vice chairman and treasurer are all elected annually by members from the AENA. All committee members work on a voluntary basis and receive no pay for their commitment to netball.

  1. Discussion about 'Human Resource Management works well in theory but not in practice.'

    She identified only one piece of reliable research, studied the impact of what they called 'performance-contingent compensation' in the Social Security Administration. Rigorous analysis provided no evidence that it had any significant effect on performance. (Armstrong and Murlis, 1991, p442)

  2. AS PESkill Acquisition 2 - Information Processing Model in team, racquet and individual sports.

    The spectators wear replica shirts to show support and could confuse the performer by weakening the stimuli. Racket games have the spectators further away form the performers and replica kits are not of high hindrance. In individual sports such as shot putt visual stimuli are not of great consequence to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work