• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how open and closed control of motor skills works in relation to individual, racket, and team activities.

Extracts from this document...


A level P.E. Edexcel, unit 2: section A: acquiring skill. Explain how open and closed control of motor skills works in relation to individual, racket, and team activities. 'Skill is a learnt ability to bring about pre-determined results with maximum certainty, often with the maximum outlay of time or energy or both.' (Knapp) A number of key qualities are needed in order for a performance to be skilful, they are consistency, accuracy, control, an intention and fluidity. There are different types of skill, they are open skills and closed skills. Open skills are those which are directly influenced by the environment in which they are performed. They are skills which require adaptation each time they are performed e.g. netball and badminton. Closed skills are those that have an outside physical influence acting upon them. They are the same each time they are preformed e.g. sports like dancing. (Advanced PE for Edexcel) The sports I am going to relate this essay to are dancing for individual, badminton for racket and netball for a team activity. (146) There is an open/closed continuum, it is concerned with the effects of the environment on skill. Sports such as Netball and badminton usually involve open skills. ...read more.


do a new shot or the correct way to do a shot in badminton, it would also be good to teach a group of people the correct way to pass the ball or how to do a specific skill correct in netball. This would be good for open and closed skills. Reciprocal teaching is when the pupils work in pairs, one is the 'doer' and the other is the 'observer' the teacher gives instructions and hands over the contact with the learner to the fellow pupils, the teacher helps the observer to help the doer. This would be a good style of teaching to improve the movements and style in dancing, make shots more consistent and accurate in badminton, to make passes more accurate and to improve footwork in netball. This would be good for closed skills. There is a problem solving style, this is where the teacher focuses on how - to learn, a task is set which the pupils have to solve in there own way. (Physical education and the study of sport) Individual skills are those performed in isolation. These are skills where we are the only performer at the particular time e.g. ...read more.


The performer will work constantly allowing the skill to be tested under fatigue conditions as in a game situation. This would be good in practicing dance because you can be dancing for long periods of time so stamina is essential. In badminton and netball, games can be long and physical, so it is important to get used to playing under fatigue conditions. (Advanced PE for Edexcel) In summery I think that dance is a mainly closed skill because it is a coactive/individual skill and not often affected by the environment, badminton is in the middle of the open/closed continuum because it is affected by the opponent(s) but not by the weather and netball is a mainly open skill because it is affected by opponents and possibly the weather but it is a non-contact game. Taking in account that not all individual, racket and team activities have the same rating on the open/closed continuum or the same level of motor skill. Badminton, dance and netball are all motor skills and perceptual motor skills. It would suit most teaching styles and types of practice depending on what you want to achieve, e.g. if you are a young beginner or professional. In final conclusion I think that you cannot group activities as individual, racket and team activities when relation it to open/closed control of motor skills because there is too much variation in the groups. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Types of Learning and how they apply to developing football skills.

    or arms, a goal is awarded when the ball crosses the line in-between the goalposts, team with the highest number of goals after 90minutes wins, different colour jerseys must be worn to identify teams. The athletes will then be placed into 3 even groups each group will be given a different colour bib to distinguish them from other players.

  2. Discuss the role of feedback for learning skills for individual, racket and team sports

    Therefore terminal would be better. Concurrent feedback would be more appropriate in a team activity such as football, which continues for a longer period of time, where the coach is on the sideline and able to give feedback and advice during the game. This is so you can correct your style as you are playing.

  1. Components of Fitness for Netball.

    Good coordination is very essential for skilful netball players. There are lots of examples of coordination in netball, They are: Footwork, Interceptions, Dodging, Passing, Marking, and "toss-ups". Coordination naturally improves with practise. A test for coordination is the juggling test; you start off juggling with two balls and progress to three.

  2. Analysing Performance: Badminton Observation of a player in a game and in practice

    could be good at football because nearly everyone is interested in football Environment: depending on what climate you live in or in what kind of local area you live in could also affect how much you take part in a certain sport.

  1. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    * Start with your legs, and work up the body, in order not to miss out any stretch. * Never bounce stretch. Cool Down We cool down, so that the next day you do not get pains in your muscles that you used the day before.

  2. Free essay

    Practical Sports Study (Individual) log Book for Badminton

    names and where they are from, who is serving first, who scored and where they should be standing before they start serving and they can overall the other judges decision if necessary. Throughout the session justify your selection and used of skills and techniques (M1)

  1. Analysing my performance in Badminton.

    side's court, the serving side scores a point and the server serves again. If the serving side makes a "fault" or the shuttle ceases to be in play because it touches the surface of the court inside the serving side's court, the server loses the right to continue serving, with no point scored by either side.

  2. A2 pe coursework

    Competent performer 111 111111111 2 9 Pivot Success Total /10 Novice performer Competent performer 1111 1111111111 4 10 Intercepting Success Total /10 Novice performer Competent performer 1111 111111111 4 9 Volleying Successful passes Total /10 Novice performer Competent performer 11 111111111 2 9 Holding for overhead Success Total /10 Novice

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work