• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the Role of Motivation in Enhancing a Sport Performance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

AS Level Physical Education Craig Lochhead Explain the Role of Motivation in Enhancing a Sport Performance. Motivation is defined as the desire to act due to fulfil an ultimate and challenging goal. Motivation can be categorized into the physical, mental, emotional and psychological, and is responsible for the selection and preference for an activity, the persistence of this activity and the intensity and effort placed in carrying out the performance. Stallings described 'motivation' as "An internal factor that arouses ad directs behaviour." There are four different sub-categories of motivation that fall under the premises of physical, mental, emotional and psychological. Intrinsic motivation derives from feelings from inside oneself. These emotions basically compel one to perform, whether the emotion is enjoyment, joy, satisfaction, or anger. Contrasting to this, extrinsic motivation derives from feelings coming from gaining external rewards both physically and emotionally. For example, many athletes participate in national and international sporting events to try to achieve the recognition and fame that accompanies success. Other athletes participate not only for the recognition, but also for a monetary reward or a representation of their achievements, which may be in the form of a trophy or medal. ...read more.

Middle

A major part of an athlete's maximum motivation levels rest on other points, too. The athlete's coach needs to manipulate the athlete's level of motivation in order to maximise the athlete's performance. The relationship between motivation and performance is very similar to the relationship between arousal of energy and performance. This is because the performer who is highly motivated is also very highly aroused. This is explained by two theories, Hull's Drive theory the Yerkes Dodson Law. Hull's drive theory states that: Performance = Habit x Drive Where habit refers to the strength of the learned response or skill, or whether the correct response has been practised until it has become a habit. Any response can have a strong or weak habit, depending on the level of practise that the athlete carries out at that skill. Drive refers to the level of arousal of the performer. Increased levels of arousal are said to bring about the dominant response, which is defined as the strongest number of possibilities of success. While learning, this dominant response is usually incorrect as the athlete is still prone to mistakes. When the skill has been fully learned, the dominant response is usually correct, as it is now a part of the habit of the athlete or performer. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is because arousal leads to a smaller span of attention, which is needed to grasp the information taught. Whereas, in later stages, arousal is needed more so that it can motivate the performer. Atkinson says that "whenever a person is faced with a task, the decision to reject the task is based on both personality and situational factors". The personality factor in this case is the motive to succeed or the motive to avoid failure. In any challenge the person would think and either the motive to succeed and/or the motive to avoid failure. The high achievers think more about the motive to succeed and the low achievers think more about the motive to avoid failure. The situational factors that changes the person's motivation is the incentive value of success and the incentive value of failure. The incentive value is how much the person thinks he/she will get out of the assignment given. All these factors represent the role of motivation in the enhancement of sporting performance. Motivation is a very important and critical aspect of a successful performance in any activity, but, essentially, is one of the major reasons for accomplishment in the modern sports realm. In conclusion, motivation plays a key role in enhancing sports, through mental, psychological, physical and emotional methods, and remains today a very well known and widely used method of attaining distant goals. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe arousal, anxiety and stress including their causes. Explain effects on performance. ...

    4 star(s)

    Distress is known as the bad stress it can provide performers with a sense of discomfort, which can then lead to illnesses and even worse depression. Distress is at the state when the performer or person has come to the point when they have too much stress, for a long

  2. Personality and Motivation in Sport

    impatient with intricate skills - Enjoy sports with lots of action - Perform better at high levels of arousal - Enjoy contact sports Also, sports psychologists believe that type A and B personalities affect the way sports persons perform. Type A personalities are normally impatient, time-conscious, insecure, highly competitive, hostile and aggressive, and incapable of relaxation.

  1. Psychology in Sport: Anxiety, Stress and Sports Performance

    arousal point, and enter the 'Zone' - where at which their perceptual field adjusts itself to its ideal, and the performer is able to focus upon the most relevant cues in their sport, and respond accordingly - performing at their best all of the time.

  2. Why do people take part in physical activity?

    correct arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), reduce the risk of dying after a heart attack and treat heart failure. The most common Side effects with beta-blockers are cold hands and feet, tiredness and sleep disturbance (nightmares). Less common side effects include, impotence, dizziness, wheezing, digestive tract problems, skin rashes and dry eyes.

  1. Identify the important components/skills/techniques needed for a successful performance in the shot put.

    There are some general rules for injury avoidance, which apply to all sports. Sports scientists suggest that injury rates could be reduced by 25% if athletes took appropriate preventative action.

  2. Sport Science - Sport Psychology Task 3

    optimum arousal and extreme decline which we describe as the catastrophe effect. Effects of Arousal on Sports Performance The effect on sport is that your arousal levels differ depending on what outcome you are willing to achieve. If your arousal levels are high, then you will be more motivated to

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    past performances where they have dealt with pressure and created a way of recreating that for the performer. The psychologist will deal with obviously the mental side of it, trying to find out why the athlete struggles with pressure and try to help them.

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Suitability/ Purpose of Exercise: Training Methods: > Fartlek Training > Interval Training > Plyometric Training > Continuous Training > Weight Training > Circuit Training > Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) Weight Training: Weight training is used to strengthen Muscular Endurance, as I am training my muscles hard for a period.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work