• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance."

Extracts from this document...


Mr. Walker AS PE COURSEWORK Sarah Davey 12X "Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance." There are many ways of which motivation can enhance a sports performance. In this essay, I will explore and explain this role of motivation and how the more drive we have, the more motivated we are to be successful. In 1900, Atkinson proposed a model of achievement motivation. This model showed that the level of achievement is the summation of two factors. One of which is the motivation to achieve success, which is commonly found that the person's personality is categorised as "natch". The other is the motivation to avoid failure, which is known as the person's personality being "naff". Personalities can also be categorised into two other categories, which are introvert and extrovert. Introverts are usually quiet and don't need a lot to be going on to keep occupied. ...read more.


Arousal levels represent the intensity aspect of motivation. Its commonly shown by increase in sweat production, heart rate and breathing. Arousal can affect performance in many ways. It can help improve performance or even reduce performance. In 1943, Hull developed the 'Drive Theory'. This is to do with arousal levels and performance and that the performance increases in proportion to arousal. Hull found that as the arousal levels increase, so does the performance levels. However, if beginners don't take on board their arousal levels, then their performance levels could decrease. According to Yerkes and Dodson's 'Inverted U Theory', as our arousal levels increase, so does the level of our performance, yet only to an optimum level which is usually at moderate arousal levels. If we go beyond these levels, then our performance will decrease. This is also known as being 'over aroused'. Extroverts usually can cope with higher levels of arousal than introverts. ...read more.


The Visualisation coach could be seen as the key specialist. He makes each player imagine and foresee them winning the game or competition. They also have a time for motivation, which they call "Lombardi Time", whom is a very famous American football coach who is also very well known for his motivational skills. This time could be spent as the team whole, or the players separating with their personalised programme. This is good to have separate motivational programmes as different players react in motivation in different ways. Paula Radcliff seems to be a good example of an introvert performer. The marathon does not include any aggression or jam packed action, yet it must take a lot of motivation to be able to run such a long distance without losing concentration or forgetting or miss calculating any facts that she may need to take in. If a jockey fell off a horse badly, it must take a lot of courage and motivation to get back on the horse and back to riding again without having to hold back with fear off falling again. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    So, when you head out the door for a 12-miler on Sunday, you should try to keep your heart rate in this range. That way you'll know you're exercising aerobically, using oxygen as your main energy source and fat as your primary fuel.

  2. Psychology for Sports Performance - task1 - How personality affects sports performance.

    Modeling suggests that individuals are more likely to model themselves on people they feel they can relate to such, as individuals in the same sport or of the same gender, and that as they observe their behavior, they attempt to copy it.

  1. Self analysis of football performance - Comparison to elite model

    I can also work on my technique on losing my marker and receiving the ball by taking part in some drills in training. Planned training session: Practicing the skill - 2 players pass and move in a square that is double the size of the area used for the warm up.

  2. Analysis of Performance

    The object of the game is for your team to maintain possession of the ball and essentially get the ball on the opposition's line, by stopping it exactly on the line to score. If it rolls past the line, or it is stopped before or after the line, the goal does not stand.

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    Even though I spent a lot of time in training practising I never seemed to get any consistency. This was probably down to the fact I never really had a set position to field and so was always being moved around.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    not feel that I am yet ready to progress as I had to stop in the middle of the second set to wipe down the bar because I was losing my grip on the bar. Swiss ball lat raise: I continued to use 8 kg and managed to complete one and a half sets using this weight.

  1. Free essay

    A2 PE Factors Affecting Performance - Anxiety / Arousal

    The section above mentions that introverts need a lower level of arousal in order to reach optimal performance levels and extroverts need a much higher level of arousal to reach the same level. However, because the event is a quick and simple one the arousal should be higher than most other events.

  2. Define personality and how personality affects performance

    Referring to Eysenck theory there are different combinations which can lead to good performance. For example a calm and reliable person playing within an aggressive game will be able to control the game and read it whereas a tough and aggressive person may get to into the atmosphere and are liable to get sent off during play.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work