• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Fitness and Training

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Fitness and Training Fitness and training are the foundation for most sports in this modern age, the key fitness and training components are aerobic endurance, muscular endurance, flexibility, speed, strength, power, body composition, agility, balance, co-ordination, and reaction time. I will now explain what each of these components mean. I have chosen a 100m runner, and a striker in football to give examples what these mean in different sports. Aerobic Endurance Aerobic endurance is the ability to perform over a sustained period of time. Aerobic is 'with' oxygen which means you breathe whilst exerting your energy as opposed to anaerobic which is 'without' oxygen, which means you don't breathe for example during a sprint. 100m Runner - This athlete does not need this attribute unless training, as he is required to exert 100% throughout. Striker - The striker needs this attribute to perform constant sprinting runs behind the defence for the whole 90mins (plus stoppage time). Muscular Endurance Muscular endurance is the ability to perform against resistance for a sustained period. 100m Runner - Sprinting requires a 100% quick burst of pace, and this requires good muscular endurance. Striker - A striker needs good muscular endurance to effectively last 90 or even 120 minutes on the field. ...read more.

Middle

Striker - This athlete needs good agility in his legs and his feet to fool players and beat them. Balance Balance is equilibrium, or the equality of distribution. 100m Runner - This athlete needs a good centre balance to stay in their lane at a high speed. Striker - This athlete needs good balance to control awkward passes and get a strike on goal when under pressure from a defender. Co-ordination Co-ordination is to be able to perform a number of tasks in a logical order or at the same time. 100m Runner - This athlete needs this to keep is feet correct and in a well timed pattern. Striker - This athlete needs good foot-eye co-ordination to bring the ball under control and judge the ball through the air. Reaction Time Reaction time is a stimulus. 100m Runner - This athlete needs this to react efficiently to the gun and get the best start possible. Striker - This athlete needs this to react to a shot if it is parried by the keeper and to make his attacking run when the ball is played through. Cricket Player (Striking/Fielding Games) ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, the fitness and training components are very different in these two sports. Boxing (Combat Sports) A boxers main attributes for a 12 round fight are aerobic endurance, muscular endurance, power, co-ordination, balance and agility. There are a lot of components that a boxer must have because it is such a demanding sport. The athlete needs these components because he has to last 12 rounds constantly moving, punching, and getting punched. All these components are vital for a boxer because if he doesn't have endurance he won't last, if he doesn't have power he won't affect the opponent, if he doesn't have balance he will be knocked to the floor easily, if he doesn't have co-ordination he won't be able to effectively land a punch on his opponent and if he doesn't have agility he won't be able to dodge his opponents punches. Boxing is unique compared to sports such as cricket and rock climbing because there are a lot more vital components required to be successful at the sport. In boxing the opponent determines your fitness as well as yourself for example, if the athlete has superb endurance but takes a heavy hit to the stomach his energy and breath will decrease dramatically. It still has the common factor of competitiveness to cricket and rock climbing though. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. Physiological effects of the environment on the athlete

    Heat Exhaustion This is more serious than heat cramps. It occurs primarily because of dehydration and the loss of important minerals. In order to lose body heat, the surface blood vessels and capillaries dilate to cool the blood. However, when the body is dehydrated during heat exhaustion, these dilated blood vessels constrict and significantly reduce heat loss.

  2. I love cricket!

    front of the batsman and judges whether the bowl was going to hit the stumps when it made contact with the batman's leg, sorry, not the leg, his pads. A hit on the leg or thereabout would probably break the poor batman's let as cricket ball is a very hard object.

  1. Discuss the differences between skill ability and technique and explain how you would structure ...

    Motor skills: these use the muscles and involve movement and muscular control. One example of this is most things in sport including running or tackling in rugby Perceptual motor skills: sports do not require just one kind of skill but a combination of all of the above skills these are collectively known as perceptual motor skills.

  2. Research project comparing the level and set up of English Cricket to Australian Cricket.

    only 101 which meant the game still had not been won, the Australians went out and gave a good battle but only managed to score another small total of 122 runs which meant that England only had to score 85 runs to bring about a long awaited victory, at one

  1. In this essay I am going to look at look at football and athletics ...

    The vast amount of football clubs is due to so much participation and demand for the sport. Football have 4 different levels of play; none competitive (local), regional, national and international. Within these 4 levels there are different clubs and leagues but at the top end of the scale clubs are not available to join.

  2. Grassroots Development in Cricket

    This strategy encourages secondary schools to offer opportunities for students to develop their personal range of cricket skills. For example, secondary schools are involved in 'County Board' endorsed activities to additional and specific quality resources. Clubs The mission for this aspect of the national strategy is to ensure that every

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work