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Football Coursework Sources Questions

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Introduction

Football Coursework Sources Questions Question 1: Source A tells us that football began in the public schools of the south, and one of the major developments is how the games image was changed from a `traditional mob scrimmage' to `a game of remarkable skill'. The origins of the game then spread to the universities and then to London. Places in the south were very wealthy, teams such as Harrow, Eton and Westminster, well known public schools, came from these rich counties because they saw the importance of a team game. These southern clubs organised the game and launched the English Cup. For this to happen the game needed rules, and I know that in 1948 the first set of serious rules were being compiled at Cambridge University, fifteen years later the F.A. (Football Association) was formed and they published the first set of official rules in November 1863. From London the game spread to the largely industrial north and the Midlands. The Industrial Revolution, in the middle of the 19^th century created lots of jobs and a larger population. People began to see the importance of leisure time and bank holidays were introduced. People could now play football in their spare time and factory teams and church groups began to pop up. Many of the well-known clubs of today originated from church groups, like Liverpool, Everton and Aston Villa. What I know about the development of Blackburn Rover in 1875, tells me that Cambridge educated members of the club influenced its development. So from this I can learn that the game did spread north, but not in one big step, there were still connections with the southern clubs. From this evidence I can see that the game started in the south with the upper class citizens playing the game, this then spread to the middle classes of the north, mainly because of the Industrial Revolution. ...read more.

Middle

Improvements in transports meant that more fans could travel to the matches. People were now able to travel easier and cheaper. This made football even more popular and organised trains were arranged to transport fans to the matches. Overall I think that because the game was so popular in the north, that after the war, the southern clubs started to join the league as well. The game was entering its `Golden Ages'. The entry of the southern clubs meant there were lots more teams to support. Club loyalty and rivalry became a big problem a crowd disturbances were more common, because the fans had to be loyal to `their' club. Question 4 (i): Source F shows football in a totally different light because unlike all the other sources it has nothing to do with the game of football itself whereas all of the previous sources are connected directly to the game. For example source A tells us how football began. Source B shows us huge crowds and the fact there are rules now in place. Source C shows us the problem of hooliganism. Source D tell us the clubs involved and when and source E shows the popularity of the sport and the hooliganism. As you can see all these have links with the game, except F. Source F is different because it shows a new side of football, the commercial side of the sport. The source shows Jimmy Greaves endorsing Bovril. It has nothing to do with the game itself, except that Jimmy Graves is endorsing it; this is different to the other sources as you can see, because they are all directed at the game itself. Commercialism wasn't very common in the 60's, but I know that it is now one of the most important parts of the game. Sponsorship soon became the main source of income and eventually nearly every player was sponsored and every club was too. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is again all about more money and better ratings. Sponsorship has become the main source of income nowadays compared to only a small percentage at the start of the 20^th century, and I know that clubs are even more commercialised now too. But this wasn't the only change in the 20^th century. I know that transport was improving and more people were travelling abroad, source E backs this up saying that `special trains' took fans to the cup final. Showing that people saw the need to get fans to the big matches. I also know television was also improving dramatically by the 1950's which took fans away from the stadiums because they could watch the game on TV. Today millions of pounds go into TV deals and everybody can watch nearly every game on the television. This massive change could only help football. Football acts as a microcosm of society, big changes in society leads to changes in football. Racism and violence are just some of the example where what's happening outside of football influences the sport in bad ways and people ruin the sport. Safety was becoming more important now. I know that after the tragedies at Hillsborough and Bradford, Lord Taylor said that every stadium had to be seated. Safety is even more important today, which shows how much football has moved on and how important it is for everyone to be safe. In the 50's, 100,000 fans would be crammed into a stadium with no seating and no facilities, but now strict laws prevent this. So from this I can say that I agree that professionalism was an important change, but it wasn't the only change that was important. Money is a lot more available now meaning that clubs can attract top players with large amounts of money. Television is also a major change and it has brought more people into the sport. So I feel that it is all the changes, as well as sponsorship and commercialism, which has made football what it is today. ...read more.

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