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Fractures - Bone Injuries and Fractures.

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FRACTURES. Bone Injuries and Fractures A broken bone should be suspected whenever a person complains of pain with the loss of the normal use of a limb. Any victim suspected of having a broken neck or broken back should be handled in a special manner Most fractures are "simple," and the skin is not broken. Breaks that pierce the skin are known as "compound" fractures. 1. When there is reason to suspect multiple broken bones or a fractured pelvis or thigh, let trained emergency personnel transport the victim to a hospital. 2. If the fracture is compound, cover the skin with large clean pads; never try to change the position of the broken bone. ...read more.


Do not attempt to reset a dislocated joint--a bone may be broken. Take the victim to a hospital; slings or splints may be helpful for transport. Repair and Healing The doctor first reduces the fracture (brings the broken ends together) and then sets the ends firmly. Before X rays came into use, bone setting was not always accurate and crippling deformities resulted. Today, with X ray, the physician can see the nature and extent of the injury, check the setting, and be certain afterward that the bones have not moved. X ray is used also during manipulation of dislocations. Compound fractures usually require surgery. ...read more.


Later the body deposits bone minerals in it until the callus becomes a solid piece of bone. The weak place is even strengthened with a little extra bone. It usually takes about six weeks for a broken bone to knit together. CUTS. First Aid tips to deal with Cuts and Grazes Clean grazes gently under running water. After removing as much dirt and grit as possible, leave the wound open to the air to speed the healing process. Small cuts should also be cleaned under running water. If the wound is bleeding freely, apply direct pressure with clean gauze or a handkerchief for at least five minutes. When the bleeding has stopped, cover the wound with a clean dressing or waterproof plaster. If the cut is deep, dirty or ragged, seek medical attention, as a tetanus shot may be necessary ...read more.

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