• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Group performance and Cohesion

Extracts from this document...


Group Performance and Cohesion Group performance is perceived through Steiners Model of productivity, which is as follows: Actual Productivity = Potential Productivity - Losses Due to Faulty Processes Actual productivity refers to the final product of a sporting action by a team collectively e.g. The score a diving pair is given from the judges of their performance or how successful a corner kick routine goes for a football team. Potential productivity is the maximum capability of a person or team to achieve the task. In basic terms this is "the perfect performance", e.g. A formula 1 driver completes a qualifying lap with absolute zero mistakes from the driver or car; this lap will be impossible to be bettered. Faulty processes are categorized two different factors, Co-ordinational and Motivational losses. Co-ordinational losses can be described as the "Ringlemann effect". It is known as the Ringlemann effect because he was the first person to state that these losses occur more in teams of increasing numbers. ...read more.


Group Cohesion is the way in which a group of people work together to achieve a common goal for the benefit of all those involved, sticking together as a collective unit throughout the process. There are two forms of cohesion; task cohesion and social cohesion. Despite the fact that both types of cohesion are important, the nature of the game or activity determines which type of cohesion will further aid the interaction levels in a group to achieve the common goal. Task cohesion is most relevant in interactionist sports such as football, where performers have high levels of communication with team mates to achieve the common goal of the entire team, e.g. Rooney and Ronaldo's fast paced counter attack vs. Arsenal in 2008, the move was perfect due to excellent individual performance and very good communication between the two players. Normally this type of cohesion is formed in training routines through Practice. ...read more.


Leadership styles are determined by the task and position and status of the leader by other group members, for instance a leader such as Steven Gerrard can communicate between those who haven't developed sufficient relationships yet within the team. However should the leader lack respect, such was the case in the French national team at this years world cup, where players didn't respect the actions and decisions of coach Raymond Domenech, dysfunctional behaviour breaks out and minimises team cohesion causing poor performances on the pitch. Team factors refers to a teams past successes or failures as a unit, for instance a team who has experienced many successes in their campaigns may find themselves having better social cohesion, as the combined victory can bring people closer, and obviously task cohesion was inevitably present for they would most likely have not succeeded without it. Opposed to this, continual defeats may lead to accusations and the formation of sub-groups of those blaming each other which in turn impedes the formation of team cohesion. ?? ?? ?? ?? PE SR Discussion On Group Performance And Cohesion Jack Basford 1008 words ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Self analysis of football performance - Comparison to elite model

    C2- Correction of weakness To correct the weakness, I must be able to control my arousal and anxiety levels. To do this, I must engage in deep breathing before and during my performance as this helps to control arousal levels and reduce anxiety levels.

  2. Identify the important components/skills/techniques needed for a successful performance in the shot put.

    Within himself he knows that he can run faster than any of the other athletes in his race, if he performs to the best of his ability. This may spur him on with the knowledge he can overcome his fellow competitors.

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    WEEK 5 SATURDAY MATCH Lustleigh Vs Woodland Fort (50 over League match) Batting Stats Opposition Woodland Fort Batting Position 1 Team Runs Scored 141 Individual Runs Scored 43 not out Balls Faced 74 Four's Scored 3 Six's Scored 0 Strike Rate 58.18 Shots On Off-Side 24 Shots On Leg-Side 40

  2. Free essay

    A2 PE Factors Affecting Performance - Anxiety / Arousal

    Thereafter follows a steep and expeditious deterioration in the individual's performance, i.e. a catastrophe (see right face fig. 3). Hardy (1990) further proposed that cognitive anxiety behaves as a splitting factor that causes the normal factor's (i.e. physiological arousal) effect on performance to be smooth and small, large and catastrophic, or alternatively falling somewhere within the two extremes.

  1. Gaelic football

    I hope I can progress as a player and make it into the senior team if I follow the right path. I was given the opportunity to play football at school which gave me and interest so I joined the local team and my career progressed from their as I

  2. Critically Evaluate The Relationship Between Team Cohesion and Performance in Competitive Sport.

    The aim of this essay is to critically evaluate the link between cohesion and performance and determining the factors, which may affect the linkage. In team sports it has been generally assumed that a positive relationship exists between cohesion levels and performance (Carron, 1988; Grieve et al., 2000)

  1. Psychological Factors

    * State Anxiety This is anxiety in a particular situation (competitive), this is where you worry about the environment you play in, and feeling more under pressure, for example footballers play really well in a training match but when

  2. Techniques, Rules and Tactics of Football

    * The area bounded by these lines and the goal line is the goal area. The Penalty Area * A penalty area is defined at each end of the field as follows: Two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line, 16.5 m (18 yds)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work