• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Health & fitness essay

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Health & Fitness In my sport football and health and fitness is a criteria needed in order to succeed in the sport. Health is defined as state of physical, social and mental well being and not merely the absence of illnesses and/or infirmity. Health In terms of health, diet is a key aspect to maintaining optimum performance. Most footballers have a high percentage intake of carbohydrates. This is because of the fact that Football is a stop-and-go sport with short burst of intense effort, followed by rest. Therefore, the primary fuel for footballers is carbohydrates. An ideal diet for football players requires 55 to 60 percent of their daily caloric intake to come from carbohydrates, 15 percent from protein and 30 percent from fat. Basically a footballer's diet should be 2/3 from carbohydrates and 1/3 from protein, with an emphasis on moderate fat. ...read more.

Middle

In football this is important as you need to be able to Muscular endurance Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions against a resistance for an extended period of time. In football this is Important because in a typical competition/league e.g. Premier League, footballers run for a total of 10-11 kilometres at fairly modest speed. Explosive strength Explosive strength is energy used effectively for a short burst of muscular effort. In football this is important when it comes down to scenarios such as sprinting to chase the ball before the defender or sprinting on a counter attack on the opposing team. Also during competitive matches especially in the professional leagues, footballers are constantly changing speeds from light jogging to explosive sprinting and on average football sprint a distance of between 800metres to 1200metres a match Flexibility Flexibility is the ability to move a joint smoothly through its complete range of motion. ...read more.

Conclusion

This skill is needed by goalkeepers in particular as they are needed to be able to react in a short span of time when the ball is shot towards the goal. A good example where a goalkeeper needs reaction time is a penalty kick; goalkeepers only really have seconds to react to a ball travelling at approx. 50-60mph. Power Power is defined as the ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements. The two components of power are strength and speed. In football, players need power especially when shooting; they need to be able to create explosive power within a short period of time when kicking a ball towards a goal. A good example would be in a free kick where the player aims to hit the ball as fast and as accurate as possible in order to get the ball in the net. ?? ?? ?? ?? Joanna Belgrave ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology essays

  1. Skeletal and muscular systems

    To facilitate movement, such joints are rimmed with cartilage and lubricated by synovial fluid. The bones are kept in place by ligaments and moved by muscle. 2. Condyloid Similar to the ball and socket joint, the condyloid joint allows circular motion.

  2. Physiology Within Sport

    which insulates the axon which speeds the process of communication much quicker because the electrical signal can be carried quicker. This is why athletes must never completely get rid of any fat consumption because they require the fatty substances to increase the rate of communication between their axons.

  1. Describe the components of a balanced diet.

    Red meat, liver and green vegetables are all sources of iron. Iron supplements are taken by people who suffer from anaemia. Iodine, I-, is a component of the growth hormone thyroxine. A lack of iodine in the diet can cause hypothyroidism which results in weight gain and in extreme cases a lack of physical and mental development known as cretinism.

  2. Identify and justify the key components of fitness.

    Speed - This is basically how long it takes you to move part of your body or the whole body over a distance achieved. In football speed is crucial when trying to find space, or get to the ball first.

  1. The purpose of a nutritional assessment is to categorise individuals and evaluate their health, ...

    Anthropometric measurements Anthropometric measurements are techniques for determining an individual's body fat composition by measuring, recording, and analysing specific dimensions of the body, such as height and weight; skin-fold thickness; and bodily circumference at the waist, hip, and chest. They are also a great tool for recording and measuring growth against previous tests.

  2. Body in Motion

    Diastole is when the heart expands and blood flows from the atria into ventricles. Systole is when the heart contracts and deoxygenated blood flows into the arteries form the ventricles and to the lungs and body.

  1. Different Types of Mental Training

    The difference between mental rehearsal and imagery is that mental rehearsal does not take into account how the skill is rehearsed or what senses and emotions are used throughout the skill. It is the cognitive rehearsal of a skill without any physical movement.

  2. Performance Enhancement essay 2

    The genetic material is mostly encapsulated and is introduced into the body by direct injection into the target organ. So far, gene therapy has been relatively safe and thousands of patients have been treated in well controlled trials and have shown very few side effects Gene therapy for sports doping

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work