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Health & fitness essay

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Health & Fitness In my sport football and health and fitness is a criteria needed in order to succeed in the sport. Health is defined as state of physical, social and mental well being and not merely the absence of illnesses and/or infirmity. Health In terms of health, diet is a key aspect to maintaining optimum performance. Most footballers have a high percentage intake of carbohydrates. This is because of the fact that Football is a stop-and-go sport with short burst of intense effort, followed by rest. Therefore, the primary fuel for footballers is carbohydrates. An ideal diet for football players requires 55 to 60 percent of their daily caloric intake to come from carbohydrates, 15 percent from protein and 30 percent from fat. Basically a footballer's diet should be 2/3 from carbohydrates and 1/3 from protein, with an emphasis on moderate fat. ...read more.


In football this is important as you need to be able to Muscular endurance Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions against a resistance for an extended period of time. In football this is Important because in a typical competition/league e.g. Premier League, footballers run for a total of 10-11 kilometres at fairly modest speed. Explosive strength Explosive strength is energy used effectively for a short burst of muscular effort. In football this is important when it comes down to scenarios such as sprinting to chase the ball before the defender or sprinting on a counter attack on the opposing team. Also during competitive matches especially in the professional leagues, footballers are constantly changing speeds from light jogging to explosive sprinting and on average football sprint a distance of between 800metres to 1200metres a match Flexibility Flexibility is the ability to move a joint smoothly through its complete range of motion. ...read more.


This skill is needed by goalkeepers in particular as they are needed to be able to react in a short span of time when the ball is shot towards the goal. A good example where a goalkeeper needs reaction time is a penalty kick; goalkeepers only really have seconds to react to a ball travelling at approx. 50-60mph. Power Power is defined as the ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements. The two components of power are strength and speed. In football, players need power especially when shooting; they need to be able to create explosive power within a short period of time when kicking a ball towards a goal. A good example would be in a free kick where the player aims to hit the ball as fast and as accurate as possible in order to get the ball in the net. ?? ?? ?? ?? Joanna Belgrave ...read more.

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