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Health Related Fitness in Sport

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Introduction

Health Related Fitness in Sport I am a fitness instructor who works for the local sports development group, and my role is to promote health and fitness within the surrounding community. I must produce a detailed document about health and sport. What is Health Related Fitness? Health related fitness is a level of fitness based on fitness test scores, with good scores meaning the subject has a low chance of developing health problems. Health related fitness is needed by everyone, regardless of whether or not they do sport. Benefits include weight loss, improved self-esteem and less risk of heart and lung problems. According to another definition, "fitness is the ability of the body to carry out everyday activities without excessive fatigue and with enough energy left over for emergencies. This means that, as well as performing our normal daily tasks, we can also perform additional physical activities including sport. There is what we call "components of Health Related Fitness" and if there is a good balance between the developments of all of these, then we can say that a good level of Health Related Fitness has been reached." (www.teachpe.com) The Five Components of Health Related Fitness (HRF) Health related fitness can be divided into five key components. These are muscular endurance, strength, flexibility, aerobic endurance and body composition. ...read more.

Middle

A weightlifter must remember to rest and recuperate which can help in achieving a higher level of muscular endurance and strength as it gives the body time to recover before putting it back to work. If they do not rest and recuperate, this could lead to overtraining, which is defined as "a physical and metal state which occurs due to excessive training without adequate recovery." (www.topendsports.com) In my opinion, aerobic endurance is also important as a weightlifter must be able to breathe deeply for continuous stretches of time otherwise their bodies will heat up quicker, occurring in fatigue and tiredness. I believe flexibility and body composition play a small element in a weightlifter's health related fitness. A weightlifter needs to be quite flexible as they need to flex their muscles when lifting and performing. Also, if their muscles are not very flexible they may pull a muscle or a strain could occur. A good body composition is also important as a weightlifter needs to be quite large so that they can support the weight they are lifting. The Importance of HRF within Marathon Running Marathon runners need their bodies to be able to perform for long periods of time, without fatigue setting in too quickly. That is why aerobic endurance is the most important factor of Health Related Fitness. ...read more.

Conclusion

Within marathon running however, the most important factor is aerobic endurance, which makes up 60% of their Health Related Fitness, whereas it only accounts for 15% of a weightlifter, which means that although a weightlifter does not necessarily need a brilliant aerobic endurance, it still needs to be fairly good for them to excel within their sport. Flexibility is a small factor in both sports people's Health Related Fitness, accounting for only 5% for a weightlifter and 10% for a marathon runner. Muscular endurance is also a smaller aspect of Health Related Fitness, as it only makes up 10% for a marathon runner. However it does account for 15% of a weightlifter, making it slightly more significant but still quite small in my opinion. However according to a recent newsletter by Paige Waehner, muscular endurance is the "...Ability to make repeated contractions against a moderate load. When your goal is good muscular endurance, lift a heavy enough weight that you can only complete 12-16 repetitions of each exercise." This shows that some people believe that to obtain a good level of muscular endurance, weightlifting is a key sport in achieving this goal. A weightlifter does not need perfect body composition, as strength is a lot more important, and body composition only makes up 5% of a weightlifter's Health Related Fitness. However, body composition is slightly more important for a marathon runner as if they have a too high or too low level of body fat their speed and performance will drop considerably. ...read more.

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