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How can you alter your style of teaching to meet the demands of different practice or competitive situations for individual, racket and team activities?

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Introduction

How can you alter your style of teaching to meet the demands of different practice or competitive situations for individual, racket and team activities? There are many different ways in which you can teach people. Muska Mosston developed different teaching styles, all of which can be effective in different competitive situations. Mosston stated that there were three main parts to teaching a lesson - pre-impact (deciding and explaining what to do), impact (actually doing it), and post-impact (the feedback given, if any, after you finish). In these teaching styles, there are two main people involved - the doer (the student) and the observer (normally the teacher). These styles range from the teacher having complete control (Style A) to the learner making all of the decisions (Style H, I, J). Mosston and Ashworth's spectrum below shows how much control the teacher and learner have in each style: (Source: Teaching Physical Education: Muska Mosston & Sara Ashworth) From the diagram, you can see that in style A, the teacher makes all of the decisions, but as you reach the end of the spectrum, the relationship between teacher and student changes and the student makes all of the decisions. ...read more.

Middle

However, a disadvantage of using command style is that the learner could get de-motivated and bored because they're getting told what to do all the time. Some individual sports, such as javelin, are taught in command style, as it's potentially a very dangerous sport. Therefore, it is a good idea for the students to be told exactly what to do and when to do it in order to avoid serious injury. When doing techniques in a martial art, two teaching styles that could be used are command style A and practice style B. Command style A would b appropriate because some techniques could be dangerous, therefore the teacher would be able to tell the learner exactly what to do without hurting themselves or others. B gives people enough freedom not to get bored, but once again, it's teacher-led. The students would see the technique demonstrated, and would then be able to practice it for themselves. This style, and command style A, are particularly useful when teaching beginners, as they will know exactly what to do and when to do it. ...read more.

Conclusion

When learning skills, it could be helpful to teach in a teaching style where the learner can think for themselves because then they would be able to find their own solution. For example, if an attacker is learning how to get past a defender, they could decide for themselves how they are going to do it. However, this would only work for more advanced learners. In conclusion, you can alter your teaching methods a lot by choosing different teaching styles according to what you're teaching. With an individual sport or one that needs the learners to be synchronized, a style where the teacher does a lot more of the decision making would be more appropriate. In comparison, if it's a team activity where players need to work with or against each other, then the students should be given more freedom, as they need to learn to think for themselves in pressured situations. A similarity with all these sports is that when it's a competitive situation, a style where the learner does more of the decision-making would be more appropriate. ...read more.

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