• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does the skeletal system help Sports performance?

Extracts from this document...


How does the skeletal system help . Sports performance? The skeletal system plays a very important part to helping sporting performance. It acts as a framework for muscle attachment and some bones protect vital organs, e.g. the cranium protects the brain. Other bones produce red and white blood cells. The Skeletal system also supports the body and determines shape. There are 4 different types of bones. These are; Long bones, Short bones, flat bones and irregular bones. Long bones are longer in length than width and are cylindrical in shape; these are associated with movement, e.g. Humerus and Tibia. Short bones are there for strength but have limited movement. They tend to be squarish in shape, E.g. Tarsal and carpals. Flat bones are the bones that enclose our vital organs. An example of a flat bone is ribs or scapula. Irregular bones are bones that have no specific shape, but are used for muscle attachment in the body and also, importantly, give us our shape. ...read more.


The diagram on the left shows the bones in the body, which will give you a visual example of the long, short, flat and irregular bones. Also, there are several different joints that join two or more bones together. However, there are joints called Synovial joints, which differ, from normal joints. A Synovial joint is lubricated with a clear blood plasma from the capillaries and filtered through a membrane around it. The fluid works with pads of fat which is stored around the joint to act as a cushion between bones. The fluid also helps maintain the cartilage, in and around the joint. Below are the parts of a Synovial joint. It is mainly the Epiphysis of the long bones which form the Synovial joints. As well as joints, there are ligaments. They connect bone to bone. They are flexible with very strong bundles of parallel fibres. They stop the bones dislocating by restricting movement. Throughout the years, bones grow and change. ...read more.


Then, push the ball away from you, stepping forward with the foot that was once behind, to create more power when pushing the ball through. Keeping your elbows close to your body, push through with the ball. As you release the ball, straighten your arms and fingers. Keep your wrists pointed upwards to help fully extend your arms. It should look something like this: Through this pass, Leg and arm bones and joints will have been used. The bones used in the arms will be the Humerus, Ulna, Radius, Carpals, Metacarpals and Phalanges. The joints used in the arms are called pivot (between radius and ulna) and hinge (between the radius ulna and humerus). The bones used within the leg and foot are femur, tibia, fibula tarsal and metatarsals. Long bones play the most important part out of all of the bones, as they allow the most movement. Bones do play a very important part when playing sport, and has many functions, which are protecting you and preventing injury. Netball is a good example of the use of several bones and joints around the body. By Sabrina Murphy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology essays

  1. Nutrition and Hydration. Energy Intake and Expenditure In Sports Performance

    (For a two hour training session our 50Kg athlete would require 8.5 � 2hrs � 50Kg = 850 Calories) An athlete weighing 50Kg who trains for two hours would require an intake of approximately 2410 Calories http://www.brianmac.co.uk/nutrit.htm Like a car needs fuel to go, we need energy and the ideal

  2. Skeletal System and Joints

    Pivot joints, these allow only rotation. A good example of this the neck, as a turn of the head can make a big difference in a football game. When a midfielder is considering his options they need to turn their head to look for the best player to pass to.

  1. Physiology Within Sport

    produce the enzyme Cholinesterase which breaks down the Acetylcholine, so during contraction the Synaptic end Bulbs release of chemicals would be on an increase due to the demand of chemicals required during a muscle contraction. The Dendrites part of the neurone bring messages from other neurones into the cell body

  2. The skeletal system

    They conduct sound waves to the ear drum to the inner ear. Structure of the spine The spine is made up of 33 ring liked bones called vertebrae they are linked by a series of mobile joints. Sandwiched between the vertebrae are springy, shock absorbing disks with a tough outer layer of cartilage.

  1. Looking at the skeletal and muscular system and the use of this system during ...

    Where the thumb meets the wrist, the bones fit up against each other like a saddle fits over the back of a horse. For example any racket sport would show an example of this joint. Synovial Joint Structure The synovial joint is made up of a number of elements: *

  2. Btec sport, skeletal system

    It refers to your arms and legs. They are called appendicular because they are attached by girdles, which bridge each with the main body; as if they had been appended after the main body was formed. These girdles give these appendages a remarkable range of movement unique from anywhere else in the body.

  1. A.S Personal exercise program for netball

    If aim is achieved, movement within the game will become easier. It will allow my muscles to have a wider range of movement and will help to prevent any injuries form occurring. Cardio Respiratory Endurance Improve overall CV endurance to be able to play consistently in a game without becoming fatigued quickly.

  2. Movement within the Body and the Cardiovascular System

    The Central Nervous System It is the central nervous system (CNS) that controls our muscle contraction in terms of power how far how fast, which muscles etc. the brain ands spinal cord are accountable for stimulating the nervous system to carry an electrical impulse to the destination muscle to make it contract.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work