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How does the skeletal system help Sports performance?

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Introduction

How does the skeletal system help . Sports performance? The skeletal system plays a very important part to helping sporting performance. It acts as a framework for muscle attachment and some bones protect vital organs, e.g. the cranium protects the brain. Other bones produce red and white blood cells. The Skeletal system also supports the body and determines shape. There are 4 different types of bones. These are; Long bones, Short bones, flat bones and irregular bones. Long bones are longer in length than width and are cylindrical in shape; these are associated with movement, e.g. Humerus and Tibia. Short bones are there for strength but have limited movement. They tend to be squarish in shape, E.g. Tarsal and carpals. Flat bones are the bones that enclose our vital organs. An example of a flat bone is ribs or scapula. Irregular bones are bones that have no specific shape, but are used for muscle attachment in the body and also, importantly, give us our shape. ...read more.

Middle

The diagram on the left shows the bones in the body, which will give you a visual example of the long, short, flat and irregular bones. Also, there are several different joints that join two or more bones together. However, there are joints called Synovial joints, which differ, from normal joints. A Synovial joint is lubricated with a clear blood plasma from the capillaries and filtered through a membrane around it. The fluid works with pads of fat which is stored around the joint to act as a cushion between bones. The fluid also helps maintain the cartilage, in and around the joint. Below are the parts of a Synovial joint. It is mainly the Epiphysis of the long bones which form the Synovial joints. As well as joints, there are ligaments. They connect bone to bone. They are flexible with very strong bundles of parallel fibres. They stop the bones dislocating by restricting movement. Throughout the years, bones grow and change. ...read more.

Conclusion

Then, push the ball away from you, stepping forward with the foot that was once behind, to create more power when pushing the ball through. Keeping your elbows close to your body, push through with the ball. As you release the ball, straighten your arms and fingers. Keep your wrists pointed upwards to help fully extend your arms. It should look something like this: Through this pass, Leg and arm bones and joints will have been used. The bones used in the arms will be the Humerus, Ulna, Radius, Carpals, Metacarpals and Phalanges. The joints used in the arms are called pivot (between radius and ulna) and hinge (between the radius ulna and humerus). The bones used within the leg and foot are femur, tibia, fibula tarsal and metatarsals. Long bones play the most important part out of all of the bones, as they allow the most movement. Bones do play a very important part when playing sport, and has many functions, which are protecting you and preventing injury. Netball is a good example of the use of several bones and joints around the body. By Sabrina Murphy. ...read more.

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