• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How football hooliganism has developed over the years and how the efforts to stop it have changed.

Extracts from this document...


How football hooliganism has developed over the years and how the efforts to stop it have changed. Introduction and planning Football hooliganism is acts of violence, racism, taunting and vandalism committed by people around football events and during games. These have detrimental effects of the game often giving it bad publicity, but it is not just a modern phenomenon. Hooliganism has been around since medieval times when sport had little if any rules it was played at festivals and just had an aim. During this period sport was occasionally used as an excuse to get even with a rival. Arguments were often settled in these contests which resulted in many players get seriously injured. During the last century sport on the field has become much more civilised and respected, however off the field it can be just as gruesome as in medieval times. In my report I will be focussing on: -The history and development of hooliganism over the years, I will research into the history of hooliganism and how it's changed particularly over the nineteenth century -The methods the authorities have developed to stop it, I will research the police initiative and new methods of catching the modern hooligan. The history and development of hooliganism Hooliganism first started in medieval times, a sport called mob football was played on special occasions it involved the men from two rival villages playing each other, there was no rules just an aim which was to get a object to a pre-agreed place. ...read more.


a form of punishment for spectators who misbehave themselves, involving the necessity of such offenders having to report on subsequent match days at a place and time away from the ground, should be strongly supported." It was also felt that: "... it is desirable that the punishment of convicted offenders should match the seriousness of the offence." The Lang report was one of the first reports to not only investigate why hooliganism occurred, but measures to stop it from occurring in the future it reported that: "There can be no doubt that the consumption of alcohol is an important factor in crowd misbehaviour" In more recent reports hooliganism has not only been committed outside or in the stadium. Under cover operations have revelled that hooliganism has become more organised where the ringleaders of sets of troublemakers on opposing sides have been in contact with each other and meet at a predetermined destination to fight. The advantage of this for them is that there wont is police patrolling that area so they can get away with it. The methods the authorities have developed to stop it, The approach taken by the British authorities to reducing football hooliganism has been largely increasingly sophisticated policing, surveillance and monitoring techniques, segregation of fans, restrictions on alcohol etc. The British Government has also introduced specific legislation to cover acts of 'hooliganism'. Such measures are common elsewhere in Europe, the German, Dutch and Belgian authorities, in particular, have been more proactive in their approach to the problem. ...read more.


This will also increase the popularity of the sport as more families will come to watch the sport introducing a new generation of football lovers who wont be interested in hooliganism, just in the sport. Appraisal of study The problem with my project was that as I choose the subject matter of hooliganism. It was very hard to find facts and figures to back up my points all I could find to prove my points were discussions and reports about this study. Though these reports were written by experts in this field, they too had to work in the same conditions without facts to back up what they were saying, so I am only going on what they believe and they cannot prove what they are saying to be true. So if I were to improve this project I would have to get some data to prove my theories to be correct. If I were to research in this field I would set up a few tests I would go to two football stadiums renowned for hooliganism and in one of them I would ban any alcohol and in another stadium I would make it freely available. Then over the season I could do some surveys such as comparing the number of assaults in and around the stadium on match days. I could also conduct a survey. Another thing I would research into would be how certain people from different countries or cultures are more or less likely to become violent at a football match. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. Discuss whether the concepts of fair play and sportsmanship still exist in global games.

    medical staff and coaches put them right back onto the pitch doped up with huge amounts of pain killers and drugs that will affect their performance. If a player of a sport that has the nature of American football, (being very physical and tough)

  2. A brief History about football ,Plymouth Argyle business

    they turn out good enough to finally play for the team, however if they are not good enough at the end of it they learn lots along the way including healthy diets and being taught all about levels of fitness and how to improve their stamina to make them a better player.

  1. Talent ID report

    This stage of the development programme looks to increase technical work, for example on the front foot, and back foot playing bother attacking and defensive shots; and for bowlers pace and spin techniques are enhanced. Also overall team work and team fielding and working as a team is emphasised on.

  2. The Demise of Football is ten years away.

    What people have to understand is that money is made to pay the players, who make the club what they are. Yet at a football club, it is not just the players that are employed. The off-field staff that rarely get a mention are also paid (not as much)

  1. To investigate the deviance in sport, particularly looking at simulation in professional football.

    and he falls to the ground appealing for a penalty or free kick. Trying to deceive the referee. 2. Another form of simulation is the over-exaggeration of the result of a tackle from his opponent. On 27th November 2001, Peirlugi Collina the world best and most respected referee state in an interview "Simulation is the worst thing in football.

  2. I have decided to research the Local and National provision for Golf

    a percentage of the course work and a yearly examination at the Belfry. After attending the final exam the trainee would wait 2-3 months for his results and would then attend a presentation to be awarded his certificate as a Qualified Professional Golfer.

  1. Why did journey times improve between 1750-1840?

    People were expected to give there time to repair local roads but this work was unpaid which made many reluctant. Parishioners who earned upwards of �50 had to give carts, workers, horses and other materials but they just sent there oldest workers there worst horses and there worst carts to work on the roads.

  2. "Using one aspect of inclusion discussed in the seminar sessions, analyse and discuss the ...

    These campaigns are deigned to influence the supporters and maybe other people involved in the sport to stop racisms (Kick it out, 1998). There is also the anti racist campaign run by the cricket governing body called 'hit racism for six', this shows that there is more than one sport trying to get rid of racism in sport.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work