• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How football hooliganism has developed over the years and how the efforts to stop it have changed.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How football hooliganism has developed over the years and how the efforts to stop it have changed. Introduction and planning Football hooliganism is acts of violence, racism, taunting and vandalism committed by people around football events and during games. These have detrimental effects of the game often giving it bad publicity, but it is not just a modern phenomenon. Hooliganism has been around since medieval times when sport had little if any rules it was played at festivals and just had an aim. During this period sport was occasionally used as an excuse to get even with a rival. Arguments were often settled in these contests which resulted in many players get seriously injured. During the last century sport on the field has become much more civilised and respected, however off the field it can be just as gruesome as in medieval times. In my report I will be focussing on: -The history and development of hooliganism over the years, I will research into the history of hooliganism and how it's changed particularly over the nineteenth century -The methods the authorities have developed to stop it, I will research the police initiative and new methods of catching the modern hooligan. The history and development of hooliganism Hooliganism first started in medieval times, a sport called mob football was played on special occasions it involved the men from two rival villages playing each other, there was no rules just an aim which was to get a object to a pre-agreed place. ...read more.

Middle

a form of punishment for spectators who misbehave themselves, involving the necessity of such offenders having to report on subsequent match days at a place and time away from the ground, should be strongly supported." It was also felt that: "... it is desirable that the punishment of convicted offenders should match the seriousness of the offence." The Lang report was one of the first reports to not only investigate why hooliganism occurred, but measures to stop it from occurring in the future it reported that: "There can be no doubt that the consumption of alcohol is an important factor in crowd misbehaviour" In more recent reports hooliganism has not only been committed outside or in the stadium. Under cover operations have revelled that hooliganism has become more organised where the ringleaders of sets of troublemakers on opposing sides have been in contact with each other and meet at a predetermined destination to fight. The advantage of this for them is that there wont is police patrolling that area so they can get away with it. The methods the authorities have developed to stop it, The approach taken by the British authorities to reducing football hooliganism has been largely increasingly sophisticated policing, surveillance and monitoring techniques, segregation of fans, restrictions on alcohol etc. The British Government has also introduced specific legislation to cover acts of 'hooliganism'. Such measures are common elsewhere in Europe, the German, Dutch and Belgian authorities, in particular, have been more proactive in their approach to the problem. ...read more.

Conclusion

This will also increase the popularity of the sport as more families will come to watch the sport introducing a new generation of football lovers who wont be interested in hooliganism, just in the sport. Appraisal of study The problem with my project was that as I choose the subject matter of hooliganism. It was very hard to find facts and figures to back up my points all I could find to prove my points were discussions and reports about this study. Though these reports were written by experts in this field, they too had to work in the same conditions without facts to back up what they were saying, so I am only going on what they believe and they cannot prove what they are saying to be true. So if I were to improve this project I would have to get some data to prove my theories to be correct. If I were to research in this field I would set up a few tests I would go to two football stadiums renowned for hooliganism and in one of them I would ban any alcohol and in another stadium I would make it freely available. Then over the season I could do some surveys such as comparing the number of assaults in and around the stadium on match days. I could also conduct a survey. Another thing I would research into would be how certain people from different countries or cultures are more or less likely to become violent at a football match. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. I have decided to research the Local and National provision for Golf

    The USGA Rules of Golf Committee is considering this issue in the course of reviewing medical devices and their conformance under Rule 14-3. Another issue relating to this Rule concerns the following query: If a player builds a stance so that his supporting crutch does not slip during the swing, is he in breach of this Rule?

  2. Talent ID report

    Athletes also have to keep positive attitudes and this is reinforced on and off the pitch. This stage is an important stage and very lucrative for the game as this is where most emerging cricketers are established. This stage of the development programme prepares them for the transaction to performing at a high level, and introduces and conditions them.

  1. football law

    to issue the certificate, subsequently both contracts lapsed. As early as 31st July RC Liege further more suspended Mr Bosman and thereby prevented him for the time from playing in the new season. Thus by not playing, Bosman had no income. Mr Bosman took his case to the Belgian Court, arguing that the transfer rules and nationality clauses

  2. Discuss whether the concepts of fair play and sportsmanship still exist in global games.

    In some sports i.e. Football however, this level of sportsmanship is rarely seen. With players diving to receive penalties, arguing with the referee and generally acting around the limit of the rules football is no longer a sport full of sportsmanship. Football has swung more towards the way of the new term Gamesmanship.

  1. A brief History about football ,Plymouth Argyle business

    They ran a programme last year called kick off that helped people get back on track in life and do good and give a little back to the community. During this programme they taught them basic computer skills, built their confidence up and taught them other skills that may help

  2. A Code of Conduct for Football

    Coaches have to be aware that almost all of their everyday decisions and choices of actions, as well as strategic targets, have ethical implications. It is natural that winning constitutes a basic concern for coaches. This code is not intended to conflict with that.

  1. "Using one aspect of inclusion discussed in the seminar sessions, analyse and discuss the ...

    These campaigns are deigned to influence the supporters and maybe other people involved in the sport to stop racisms (Kick it out, 1998). There is also the anti racist campaign run by the cricket governing body called 'hit racism for six', this shows that there is more than one sport trying to get rid of racism in sport.

  2. He grew up in the Scottish city of Glasgow. Ever since he was a ...

    Some very well know players were there including Vassel, James and Smith. Two months later, he woke up at nine am in his new London penthouse. He dressed into his new England shirt... This is a good fit he thought.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work