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Individual Characteristics Influencing Sport and Exercise Behavior.

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Introduction

Individual Characteristics Influencing Sport and Exercise Behavior Individual differences are obvious. One youth football player relishes center stage while a teammate shuns the limelight, one person goes on a long, daily run while another socialises and exercises at the fitness center. So what makes us do what we do and how does that influence us in sport. There are three main factors that make us individual these are: * Personality * Attention and Cognitive Styles * Self-concept Personality: Such individual differences reflects on personality and different personalities in turn affect our behaviors There are huge differences in the way we think, feel and behave in different situations, and may help choose the sport we like to play. Personality defined: Personality represents those characteristics of the person that account for consistent patterns of behaviour (Pervin 1993) ...read more.

Middle

* Narrow-band theories - These focus on a single aspect of personality. Such as free will, i.e. the way we feel, think and behave, although we think we choose to behave the way we do, it is always likely that we are influenced to some degree. There are some many things in our personality that affects how we perform. For example a sprinter, will be constraint, achievement striving and self-discipline. Our personality will also give away if we are a successful or an unsuccessful athlete. Psychologist Michael Mahony and collaborator Marshall Avener used interviews, surveys and observations with participants at the tryouts for the 1976 U.S. Olympic gymnastics team. Their study (1977), comparing Olympic qualifiers and nonquailfiers, showed that qualifiers were more self-confident, were more likely to think and dream about gymnastics, were more likely to use self-talk and internal mental imagery, and were able to control worry and concentrate on the task at the time of the performance. ...read more.

Conclusion

Emotion can also affect attention, if something major has happen in an athletes life that has emotionally hurt them, they could loose attention while playing a game, for example, if a player has little attention whilst paying a game of rugby, they may miss catching the ball and runs, thus maybe resulting in loosing the game. Self-concept: * Sports Competence (SPORT): Perceptions of sport and athletic ability, ability to learn sport skills, and confidence in the sport environment. * Physical Condition (CONDITION): Perceptions of level of physical condition, stamina, and fitness, ability to maintain exercise, and confidence in the exercise and fitness setting. * Body Attractiveness (BODY): Perceived attractiveness of figure or physique, ability to maintain an attractive body, and confidence in appearance. * Physical Strength (STRENGTH): Perceived strength, muscle development, and confidence in situations requiring strength. * Physical Self Worth (PSW): General feelings of happiness, satisfaction, pride, respect, and confidence in the physical self. ...read more.

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