• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is motivation more important than ability in a successful competitive performance?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Is motivation more important than ability in a successful competitive performance? In this essay I will investigate whether motivation is more important than ability in team games, racket sports and individual activities. By looking at sources on the Internet, in text books and sports papers; as well as adding graphic examples, I should hopefully be able to answer this question. Before I begin however, I must build up a series of definitions in order to help explain the question. The Edexcel Advanced PE book describes motivation as the 'Drive to Strive', while Kent describes it as 'the internal state which tends to direct a person's behaviour towards a goal'. The English Dictionary describes ability as 'A natural or acquired skill or talent' or 'someone's natural aptitude or acquired proficiency.' Therefore this question asks if, under competitive pressure, a side or person with a lower level of skill or talent than their opponent can win if their mental drive is higher. There are many examples that argue this case. Firstly there are the team games. ...read more.

Middle

However the number of cases in which motivation overcomes ability in individual sports such as track events, swimming and boxing, are few and far between. In Athens last year the Americans ruled once more with athletes like Justin Gatlin and Shaw Crawford winning on the track, and Michael Phelps winning 6 golds, while just a few months ago no amount of motivation from Danny Williams could beat the sheer ability of Vitali Klitchko (see appendix). However, this being sport, it does happen. The Briton, Danny Williams, knocked Mike Tyson, former heavyweight champion of the world and a fighter of huge ability, to the canvas. With the bookies' odds stacked against him, he had the motivation to beat Tyson. Meanwhile in the 110m Hurdles final in last year's Olympic games, the young and unknown Liu Xang won gold. Not only did he win gold, he equalled Colin Jackson's world record at the same time. Despite being a junior champion Xang had never won on a world stage before. In the appendix the inverted U theory shows how motivation helped Williams and Xang to victory against their opponents despite lower levels of ability. ...read more.

Conclusion

Having the right level of motivation is too hit and miss. Say an athlete does have the perfect level of motivation, their opponent still has to have either a really low level or too much motivation for them to win, and that's if they even have the perfect level of motivation. The physiological 'fight or flight' hypothesis means that people with lower abilities than their opponents can become nervous and therefore lead to 'flight' meaning low levels of motivation, and even if 'fight' occurs, they could arouse themselves too much and still have a low performance. It is much easier for the team or person with a higher ability to win as they have to be in a real physical or mental state to lose. Obviously it can happen as some of the examples in the appendix show, but overall ability conquers motivation. If I were going into a sporting competition tomorrow, I'd much rather have the confidence of supreme ability than the worry for the need of motivation. Appendix Miss M. Sharapova bt. Miss S. William - 6-1, 6-4 Vitali Klitchko bt. Danny Williams 1st Xiang Liu ---------------- 12.91 2nd Terrence Trammel ---- 13. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Identify the important components/skills/techniques needed for a successful performance in the shot put.

    This is important because you may become unbalanced if the chin, knee and toe are not in line correctly. Analyse and identify in detail the weaknesses of competitor/participant or self. Although Grant has many strengths, he also has many weaknesses, which hinder him in throwing the shot.

  2. Free essay

    A2 PE Factors Affecting Performance - Anxiety / Arousal

    When considering Wiggins and Brustad (1996) who introduced the thought that cognitive state anxiety is dependant upon self-confidence; I can take into account STAI and SCAT tests (explained in appendix 3) and levels of arousal before and after a successful performance. The findings were linked to how extroverted the athletes were; the results were congruent with Eysenck's (1967)

  1. A2 pe coursework

    enabling her to still catch the ball, even if it is not at the height that she anticipated. Jenny also tries to pull in the ball quickly, so that any nearby opponents cannot reach the ball and take it away from her.

  2. Gaelic football

    Tactical awareness in I am a goalkeeper so I need to be aware of the ball over the top and getting out to collect it and to intercept passes. Iv got basic knowledge of each position on the pitch and I know who has the capability to shoot and who

  1. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    There were no reasons for extrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation is said to be: '"Extrinsic motivation is motivation to engage in an activity as a means to an end. Individuals who are extrinsically motivated work on tasks because they believe that participation will result in desirable outcomes such as a reward, teacher praise, or avoidance of punishment."

  2. Critically Evaluate The Relationship Between Team Cohesion and Performance in Competitive Sport.

    As cohesion is believed to affect performance, and in that very nature groups exist in many different forms throughout sport. The size of the group may actually effect cohesiveness and performance levels. Early research by Slater (1958) suggested that an increase in group size was linked to lower enjoyment levels within the group.

  1. Sports and Exercise Psychology - Motivation

    This type of motivation will or could lead to intrinsic motivation for Derek by giving him the feeling of self - esteem and feelings of achievement in getting better at kickboxing or gaining better physical strength and endurance. Gary is another member of the club and also trains with Derek.

  2. Technique Sheet Activity - Swimming Front Crawl

    athletes lead leg to be straight over the top of the hurdle. The athlete allowed the trailing knee to sweep wide and flat over the hurdle. It was clear from this observation that the athlete was slightly too high over the hurdle which I feel was due to the lead

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work