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Is motivation more important than ability in a successful competitive performance?

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Introduction

Is motivation more important than ability in a successful competitive performance? In order to be able to learn and perform any skill, especially in sport, we must have the abilities required. Knapp (1963) defined ability as "our innate physical attributes that determine our potential for a given sport". "Motivation. If we are not in a positive psychological state, we will make mistakes in performance and will not learn to perform at our best". (Advanced PE for Edexcel. Heinemann Educational Publishers, 2000) The sport itself can affect the type of motivation required and the effect this has on the performance. Individual sports such as swimming, require a lot of intrinsic motivation due to the fact they are competing alone. ...read more.

Middle

Biddel (1984) suggested "extrinsic motivation is of benefit at first and can drive individuals to participate and work hard initially, but in long term extrinsic motivation is not enough on its own. Ability is essential in making a performance successful, regardless of what type of activity it is, but motivation levels varies for type of activities. As well as motivation enhancing performance, it can also work the other way round, and the ability to perform well can improve motivation. Abilities are needed to perform skills in sport Arousal can also help or hinder players of sport (3). Players can be both over-aroused and under-aroused. Both can lead to a decline in performance. ...read more.

Conclusion

high level of arousal then they would not be able to concentrate because they will be too excited and they need to be calm so their performance would decrease. Under arousal and little motivation leads to a negative performance because of a lack of effort. The inverted U theory (5) can help to explain this. Because the inverted U theory says that performance only increases with arousal to a certain point. In all sports ability is used to complete a successful performance, but some sports require a certain amount of motivation as well as ability to complete a successful performance e.g. 100m sprinter. So motivation helps a lot sometimes but is not needed as much as ability to complete a successful performance. Word Count: 618 ...read more.

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