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Local and National Provision for Rugby Union - Dorset

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Introduction

Local and National Provision for Rugby The Rugby Football Union (RFU) is the rugby union governing body in England it founded in 1871. It's responsible for conferences, organising international matches, and educating and training players and officials. The national team is called England Rugby. The Rugby Football Union and Premier Rugby Limited (PRL) are partners in a joint venture called England Rugby Limited (ERL) created to manage the elite professional game in England. Up until 1885, the RFU decided on rules and regulations, however due to a disputed try in 1885 the Scottish, Irish and Welsh unions joined to form the International Rugby Football Board (IRFB). England after originally refusing to join became a member in 1890. This became known as the International Rugby Board (IRB) in 1997. Rugby is firstly introduced to children at primary school, in the form of tag rugby. A tackle is recreated by pulling a Velcro tag from your opponent's belt, making it a non contact version of the full fifteen aside game. Tag rugby incorporates many of the skills used in rugby union, such as passing, running and evasion. However it doesn't contain scrums, lineouts or kicking. In 2003/4 the RFU introduced "mini tag" into its junior development plan called "The Three Stages of the Rugby Continuum". This form of tag rugby is the only allowed type according to the RFU, for under 7's and 8's in the UK. An example of this provision at a local level is the annual Bournemouth beach tag tournament, supported by the RFU and run in conjunction with 2crfm radio station and the borough of Poole. This could be seen as a local example of how schemes are organised and funded, however this is not the only way. The next stage in the pathway to elite participation is dominated by secondary schools. At the age of 13, participants are introduced to the next stage of rules, in which contact is allowed and the game is played in teams of 15, unlike the 7 a-side teams used in tag rugby. ...read more.

Middle

Cumberland County Union also complained of another club using monetary incentives to lure players, leading to the IRFB conducting an enquiry. The IRFB was warned by all the chief clubs in Lancashire and Yorkshire that any punishment would lead to the clubs seceding from the union. The debate of broken time payments ultimately led to the 22 leading clubs in Yorkshire and Lancashire to form the Northern Rugby Union, a sport today known as rugby league football. It is thought that in the late 1950s the IRFB was presented with the ideas of a world championship. Again in the early 1980s, the IRFB was presented with a proposal for a world championship to be held in the British Isles, but dismissed it. In 1983 the New Zealand Rugby Union and Australian Rugby Union each proposed hosting such a tournament. The following year the board committed to conduct a feasibility study. A year later there was another meeting in Paris, and the Union subsequently voted on the idea. It was the South African Rugby Union's vote that proved to be crucial in setting up a tied vote, as they voted in favour, even though they knew they would be excluded. English and Welsh votes were then changed, and the vote was won 10 to 6. Olympics The sport of rugby union has been played at the Summer Olympics on four occasions, with the last being in 1924. The winners, and thus the reigning champions, were the U.S. team. Rugby union made one more appearance as a demonstration event but was then removed from the games. The IRB has most recently been very keen to see it return to the Games and is adamant that the sport (specifically referring to rugby sevens) satisfies every respect of the criteria set out in the Olympic Charter. In furthering its cause, the International Rugby Board became an International Olympic Committee Recognised International Federation in 1995, marked by a ceremonial signing by President Juan Antonio Samaranch prior to a match between Wales and South Africa in Cardiff. ...read more.

Conclusion

The RFUW currently has over 410 Clubs comprising of 170 Senior clubs, 80 student sides, 29 Under 18's sides, 103 Under 16's sides and 40 Schools. These clubs are slotted into regions, these being: North West, North East, Yorkshire & Humber, East Midlands, West Midlands, Eastern Counties, London & South East North, South East South, South West (North) and South West (South) There are also 16 Partnership Officers developing girls rugby in their geographical regions. The RFUW aims to: � Promote and govern rugby union for women in England � Develop the game for the benefit and enjoyment of its participants at all levels � Be world leaders through excellence in every aspect of the elite game Appendix 11: GBWR: (from the welcome section of their website) "Great British Wheelchair Rugby is a 20 year old not for profit registered Charity representing the sport across the UK and Great Britain on the world stage. Our objectives are to develop a fully inclusive sport, enabling players to achieve and reach their full potential regardless of financial status or disability. Wheelchair rugby as featured in the Bafta Award nominated film Murderball is a full-blooded, contact sport developed initially for tetraplegics - those whose disabilities affect both their lower and upper limbs and offers male and female players significant rehabilitational, health and social benefits as well as gaining athletic achievement at both national and World Class Sporting levels. As a charity we depend on income from sponsorship, donations and membership in order to fund key areas of our work. This includes ongoing support for Elite Squad Athletes ranked 1st in Europe and 4th in the world rankings, our development team which develops the sport from grass roots to Elite squad level and our ever growing national League. Our players belong to an international family where competition on the court is matched by comradeship off the court. The sport promotes teamwork, personal independence and the ability to succeed no matter what the odds. Wheelchair rugby became a full Paralympic sport at Sydney in 2000 and is without question one the fastest-growing wheelchair sports in the world. ...read more.

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